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Cambodia Business Guide


Geography


Location:
Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, between Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos


Geographic coordinates:
13 00 N, 105 00 E


Map references:
Southeast Asia


Area:
total:181,035 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 90
land:176,515 sq km
water:4,520 sq km


Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Oklahoma


Land boundaries:
total:2,530 km
border countries:Laos 555 km, Thailand 817 km, Vietnam 1,158 km


Coastline:
443 km


Maritime claims:
territorial sea:12 nm
contiguous zone:24 nm
exclusive economic zone:200 nm
continental shelf:200 nm


Climate:
tropical; rainy, monsoon season (May to November); dry season (December to April); little seasonal temperature variation


Terrain:
mostly low, flat plains; mountains in southwest and north


Elevation extremes:
lowest point:Gulf of Thailand 0 m
highest point:Phnum Aoral 1,810 m


    Natural resources:
oil and gas, timber, gemstones, iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential


Land use:
arable land:22.09%
permanent crops:0.86%
other:77.05% (2011)


Irrigated land:
3,536 sq km (2006)


Total renewable water resources:
476.1 cu km (2011)


Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
476.1 cu km (2011)

Natural hazards:
monsoonal rains (June to November); flooding; occasional droughts


Environment - current issues:
illegal logging activities throughout the country and strip mining for gems in the western region along the border with Thailand have resulted in habitat loss and declining biodiversity (in particular, destruction of mangrove swamps threatens natural fisheries); soil erosion; in rural areas, most of the population does not have access to potable water; declining fish stocks because of illegal fishing and overfishing


Environment - international agreements:
party to:Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified:Law of the Sea


Geography - note:
a land of paddies and forests dominated by the Mekong River and Tonle Sap (Southeast Asia's largest freshwater lake)



People and Society


Nationality:
noun: Cambodian(s)
adjective:Cambodian


Ethnic groups:
Khmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, other 4%


Languages:
Khmer (official) 96.3%, other 3.7% (2008 est.)


Religions:
Buddhist (official) 96.9%, Muslim 1.9%, Christian 0.4%, other 0.8% (2008 est.)


Population:
15,458,332country comparison to the world: 69
note:estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)



Age structure:
0-14 years:31.6% (male 2,460,659/female 2,423,619)
15-24 years:20.5% (male 1,565,135/female 1,596,099)
25-54 years:38.9% (male 2,938,366/female 3,082,496)
55-64 years:5.1% (male 298,733/female 482,588)
65 years and over:4% (male 229,684/female 380,953) (2014 est.)


Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio:57.6 %
youth dependency ratio:49 %
elderly dependency ratio:8.6 %
potential support ratio:11.6 (2014 est.)


Median age:
total:24.1 years
male:23.4 years
female:24.8 years (2014 est.)


Population growth rate:
1.63% (2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 75


Birth rate:
24.4 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 60


Death rate:
7.78 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 107


Net migration rate:
-0.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 127


Urbanization:
urban population:20% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization:2.13% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)


Major urban areas - population:
PHNOM PENH (capital) 1.55 million (2011)


Sex ratio:
at birth:1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years:1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years:0.98 male(s)/female
25-54 years:0.95 male(s)/female
55-64 years:0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over:0.6 male(s)/female
total population:0.94 male(s)/female (2014 est.)


Mother's mean age at first birth:
22.8


Maternal mortality rate:
250 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)


Infant mortality rate:
total:51.36 deaths/1,000 live birthscountry comparison to the world: 36
male:58.1 deaths/1,000 live births
female:44.31 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)


    Life expectancy at birth:
total population:63.78 yearscountry comparison to the world: 179
male:61.35 years
female:66.32 years (2014 est.)


Total fertility rate:
2.66 children born/woman (2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 74


Contraceptive prevalence rate:
50.5% (2010/11)


Health expenditures:
5.7% of GDP (2011)


Physicians density:
0.23 physicians/1,000 population (2008)


Hospital bed density:
0.7 beds/1,000 population (2011)


Drinking water source:
improved:
urban: 93.9% of population
rural: 65.6% of population
total: 71.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 6.1% of population
rural: 34.4% of population
total: 28.7% of population (2012 est.)


Sanitation facility access:
improved:
urban: 81.6% of population
rural: 25.5% of population
total: 36.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 18.4% of population
rural: 74.5% of population
total: 63.2% of population (2012 est.)


HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.8% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 53


HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
76,400 (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 50


HIV/AIDS - deaths:
2,700 (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 54


Major infectious diseases:


Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
2.1% (2008)country comparison to the world: 183


Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
29% (2011)country comparison to the world: 20


Education expenditures:
2.6% of GDP (2010)country comparison to the world: 152

Literacy:
definition:age 15 and over can read and write
total population:73.9%
male:82.8%
female:65.9% (2009 est.)


School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total:11 years
male:12 years
female:10 years (2008)


Child labor - children ages 5-14:



Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:
total:3.4%country comparison to the world: 141
male:3.5%
female:3.3% (2008)


Government


Country name:
conventional long form: Kingdom of Cambodia
conventional short form:Cambodia
local long form:Preahreacheanachakr Kampuchea (phonetic pronunciation)
local short form:Kampuchea
former:Khmer Republic, Democratic Kampuchea, People's Republic of Kampuchea, State of Cambodia


Government type:
multiparty democracy under a constitutional monarchy


Capital:
name:Phnom Penh
geographic coordinates:11 33 N, 104 55 E
time difference:UTC+7 (12 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)


Administrative divisions:
23 provinces (khett, singular and plural) and 1 municipality (krong, singular and plural)


Independence:
9 November 1953 (from France)


National holiday:
Independence Day, 9 November (1953)


Constitution:
previous 1947; latest promulgated 21 September 1993; amended 1999, 2008 (2008)


Legal system:
civil law system (influenced by the UN Transitional Authority in Cambodia) customary law, Communist legal theory, and common law


International law organization participation:
accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction


Suffrage:
18 years of age; universal


Executive branch:
chief of state:King Norodom SIHAMONI (since 29 October 2004)
head of government:Prime Minister HUN SEN (since 14 January 1985) [co-prime minister from 1993 to 1997]; Permanent Deputy Prime Minister MEN SAM AN (since 25 September 2008); Deputy Prime Ministers SAR KHENG (since 3 February 1992); SOK AN, TEA BANH, HOR NAMHONG, NHEK BUNCHHAY (since 16 July 2004); BIN CHHIN (since 5 September 2007); KEAT CHHON, YIM CHHAI LY (since 24 September 2008); KE KIMYAN (since 12 March 2009)
cabinet:Council of Ministers named by the prime minister and appointed by the monarch
elections:the king chosen by a Royal Throne Council from among all eligible males of royal descent; following legislative elections, a member of the majority party or majority coalition named prime minister by the Chairman of the National Assembly and appointed by the king


Legislative branch:
bicameral, consists of the Senate (61 seats; 2 members appointed by the monarch, 2 elected by the National Assembly, and 57 elected by parliamentarians and commune councils; members serve five-year terms) and the National Assembly (123 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections:Senate - last held on 4 February 2012 (next to be held in February 2018); National Assembly - last held on 28 July 2013 (next to be held in July 2018)
election results:Senate - percent of vote by party - CPP 77.8%, CNRP (SRP) 22.2%; seats by party - CPP 46, CNRP (SRP) 11; National Assembly - percent of vote by party - CPP 48.8%, NRP 44.5%, FUNCINPEC 3.9%, others 2.8%; seats by party - CPP 68, CNRP 55


Judicial branch:
highest court(s):Supreme Court (organized into 5- and 9-judge panels and includes a court chief and deputy chief); Constitutional Court (consists of 9 members)
note - in 1997, the Cambodian Government requested UN assistance in establishing trials to prosecute former Khmer Rouge senior leaders for crimes against humanity committed during the 1975-1979 Khmer Rouge regime; the Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts in Cambodia were established and began hearings for the first case in 2009
judge selection and term of office:Supreme Court and Constitutional Court judge candidates recommended by the Supreme Council of Magistracy, a 9-member body chaired by the monarch and includes other high-level judicial officers; judges of both courts appointed by the monarch; Supreme Court judge tenure NA; Constitutional Court judges appointed for 9-year terms with one-third of the court renewed every 3 years
subordinate courts:municipal and provincial courts; appellate courts; military court


    Political parties and leaders:
Cambodian People's Party or CPP [CHEA SIM]
Cambodian National Rescue Party or CNRP [SAM RANGSI also spelled SAM RAINSY]
National United Front for an Independent, Neutral, Peaceful, and Cooperative Cambodia or FUNCINPEC [KEV PUT REAKSMEI]
Nationalist Party or NP former Norodom Ranariddh Party or NRP [SAO RANY]
note:the CNRP is a merger between the former Human Rights Party or HRP [KHEM SOKHA, also spelled KEM SOKHA] and the Sam Rangsi Party or SRP


Political pressure groups and leaders:
Cambodian Freedom Fighters or CFF


International organization participation:
ADB, ARF, ASEAN, CICA, CICA (observer), EAS, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITU, MINUSMA, MIGA, NAM, OIF, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNMISS, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO


Diplomatic representation in the US:
chief of mission:Ambassador HENG HEM (since 29 January 2009)
chancery:4530 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20011
telephone:[1] (202) 726-7742
FAX:[1] (202) 726-8381


Diplomatic representation from the US:
chief of mission:Ambassador William E. TODD (since 17 April 2012)
embassy:#1, Street 96, Sangkat Wat Phnom, Khan Daun Penh, Phnom Penh
mailing address:Box P, APO AP 96546
telephone:[855] (23) 728-000
FAX:[855] (23) 728-600


Flag description:
three horizontal bands of blue (top), red (double width), and blue with a white three-towered temple representing Angkor Wat outlined in black in the center of the red band; red and blue are traditional Cambodian colors


National symbol(s):
Angkor Wat temple; kouprey (wild ox)


National anthem:
name:'Nokoreach' (Royal Kingdom)

lyrics/music:CHUON NAT/F. PERRUCHOT and J. JEKYLL
note:adopted 1941, restored 1993; the anthem, based on a Cambodian folk tune, was restored after the defeat of the Communist regime


Economy


Economy - overview:
Since 2004, garments, construction, agriculture, and tourism have driven Cambodia's growth. GDP climbed more than 7% per year between 2010 and 2013. The garment industry currently employs more about 400,000 people and accounts for about 70% of Cambodia's total exports. In 2005, exploitable oil deposits were found beneath Cambodia's territorial waters, representing a potential revenue stream for the government, if commercial extraction becomes feasible. Mining also is attracting some investor interest and the government has touted opportunities for mining bauxite, gold, iron and gems. The tourism industry has continued to grow rapidly with foreign arrivals exceeding 2 million per year since 2007 and reaching over 3 million visitors in 2012. Cambodia, nevertheless, remains one of the poorest countries in Asia and long-term economic development remains a daunting challenge, inhibited by endemic corruption, limited educational opportunities, high income inequality, and poor job prospects. Approximately 4 million people live on less than $1.25 per day, and 37% of Cambodian children under the age of 5 suffer from chronic malnutrition. More than 50% of the population is less than 25 years old. The population lacks education and productive skills, particularly in the impoverished countryside, which also lacks basic infrastructure. The Cambodian Government is working with bilateral and multilateral donors, including the Asian Development Bank, the World Bank and IMF, to address the country's many pressing needs; more than 50% of the government budget comes from donor assistance. The major economic challenge for Cambodia over the next decade will be fashioning an economic environment in which the private sector can create enough jobs to handle Cambodia's demographic imbalance.


GDP (purchasing power parity):
$39.64 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 107
$37.04 billion (2012 est.)
$34.52 billion (2011 est.)
note:data are in 2013 US dollars


GDP (official exchange rate):
$15.64 billion (2013 est.)


GDP - real growth rate:
7% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 21
7.3% (2012 est.)
7.1% (2011 est.)


GDP - per capita (PPP):
$2,600 (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 183
$2,400 (2012 est.)
$2,300 (2011 est.)
note:data are in 2013 US dollars


Gross national saving:
9.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 137
9.1% of GDP (2012 est.)
12% of GDP (2011 est.)


GDP - composition, by end use:
household consumption:74.7%
government consumption:7.7%
investment in fixed capital:16.4%
investment in inventories:2.1%
exports of goods and services:65.3%
imports of goods and services:-66.2%
(2013 est.)


GDP - composition, by sector of origin:
agriculture:34.8%
industry:24.5%
services:40.7% (2013 est.)


Agriculture - products:
rice, rubber, corn, vegetables, cashews, cassava (manioc, tapioca), silk


Industries:
tourism, garments, construction, rice milling, fishing, wood and wood products, rubber, cement, gem mining, textiles


Industrial production growth rate:
9.5% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 17

Labor force:
7.9 million (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 61


Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture:55.8%
industry:16.9%
services:27.3% (2010 est.)


Unemployment rate:
0% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 1
0.3% (2010 est.)


    Population below poverty line:
20% (2012 est.)


Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%:3%
highest 10%:37.3% (2007)


Distribution of family income - Gini index:
37.9 (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 73
41.9 (2004 est.)


Budget:
revenues:$2.685 billion
expenditures:$3.1 billion (2013 est.)


Taxes and other revenues:
17.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 180

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):
-2.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 111


Public debt:
NA% of GDP


Fiscal year:
calendar year


Inflation rate (consumer prices):
3.2% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 119
2.9% (2012 est.)


Central bank discount rate:
NA% (31 December 2012)
country comparison to the world: 64
5.25% (31 December 2007)


Commercial bank prime lending rate:
13% (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 59
12.98% (31 December 2012 est.)


Stock of narrow money:
$1.206 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 144
$995.1 million (31 December 2012 est.)


Stock of broad money:
$8.373 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 109
$7.1 billion (31 December 2012 est.)


Stock of domestic credit:
$5.705 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 109
$4.801 billion (31 December 2012 est.)


Market value of publicly traded shares:
$NA


Current account balance:
-$1.262 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 124
-$1.208 billion (2012 est.)


Exports:
$6.781 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 104
$6.016 billion (2012 est.)


Exports - commodities:
clothing, timber, rubber, rice, fish, tobacco, footwear


Exports - partners:
US 32.6%, UK 8.3%, Germany 7.7%, Canada 7.7%, Singapore 6.6%, Vietnam 5.7%, Japan 4.7% (2012)


Imports:
$8.895 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 108
$7.965 billion (2012 est.)


Imports - commodities:
petroleum products, cigarettes, gold, construction materials, machinery, motor vehicles, pharmaceutical products


Imports - partners:
Thailand 27.1%, Vietnam 20.3%, China 19.5%, Singapore 7.1%, Hong Kong 5.8%, South Korea 4.3% (2012)


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$5.415 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 93
$4.938 billion (31 December 2012 est.)


Debt - external:
$4.912 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 121
$4.567 billion (31 December 2012 est.)


Exchange rates:
riels (KHR) per US dollar -
4,037.6 (2013 est.)
4,033 (2012 est.)
4,184.9 (2010 est.)
4,139 (2009)
4,070.94 (2008)


Energy


Electricity - production:
1.019 billion kWh (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 144


Electricity - consumption:
2.573 billion kWh (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 134


Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 113


Electricity - imports:
1.83 billion kWh (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 55


Electricity - installed generating capacity:
359,900 kW (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 149


Electricity - from fossil fuels:
94.8% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 69


Electricity - from nuclear fuels:
0% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 59


Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:
3.6% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 128


Electricity - from other renewable sources:
1.6% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 76


Crude oil - production:
0.5 bbl/day (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 131


Crude oil - exports:
0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 94


Crude oil - imports:
0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 168


    Crude oil - proved reserves:
0 bbl (1 January 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 113


Refined petroleum products - production:
0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 128


Refined petroleum products - consumption:
39,350 bbl/day (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 108


Refined petroleum products - exports:
0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 161


Refined petroleum products - imports:
26,250 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 96


Natural gas - production:
0 cu m (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 110


Natural gas - consumption:
0 cu m (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 127


Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 74


Natural gas - imports:
0 cu m (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 169


Natural gas - proved reserves:
0 cu m (1 January 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 120


Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:
4.39 million Mt (2011 est.)



Communications


Telephones - main lines in use:
584,000 (2012)
country comparison to the world: 93


Telephones - mobile cellular:
19.1 million (2012)
country comparison to the world: 53


Telephone system:
general assessment:adequate fixed-line and/or cellular service in Phnom Penh and other provincial cities; mobile-cellular phone systems are widely used in urban areas to bypass deficiencies in the fixed-line network; mobile-phone coverage is rapidly expanding in rural areas
domestic:fixed-line connections stand at about 4 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular usage, aided by competition among service providers, is increasing rapidly and stands at 92 per 100 persons
international:country code - 855; adequate but expensive landline and cellular service available to all countries from Phnom Penh and major provincial cities; satellite earth station - 1 Intersputnik (Indian Ocean region) (2011)



    Broadcast media:
mixture of state-owned, joint public-private, and privately owned broadcast media; 9 TV broadcast stations with most operating on multiple channels, including 1 state-operated station broadcasting from multiple locations, 6 stations either jointly operated or privately owned with some broadcasting from several locations, and 2 TV relay stations - one relaying a French TV station and the other relaying a Vietnamese TV station; multi-channel cable and satellite systems are available; roughly 50 radio broadcast stations - 1 state-owned broadcaster with multiple stations and a large mixture of public and private broadcasters; several international broadcasters are available (2009)


Internet country code:
.kh


Internet hosts:
13,784 (2012)
country comparison to the world: 129


Internet users:
78,500 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 167



Transportation


Airports
16 (2013)
country comparison to the world: 142


Airports - with paved runways
total:6
2,438 to 3,047 m:3
1,524 to 2,437 m:2
914 to 1,523 m:1 (2013)


Airports - with unpaved runways
total:10
1,524 to 2,437 m:2
914 to 1,523 m:7
under 914 m:
1 (2013)


Heliports
1 (2013)


Railways
total:690 kmcountry comparison to the world: 101
narrow gauge:690 km 1.000-m gauge
note:under restoration (2010)


    Roadways
total:39,618 kmcountry comparison to the world: 88
paved:2,492 km
unpaved:37,126 km (2009)


Waterways
3,700 km (mainly on Mekong River) (2012)
country comparison to the world: 29


Merchant marine
total:544country comparison to the world: 21
by type:bulk carrier 38, cargo 459, carrier 7, chemical tanker 4, container 4, liquefied gas 1, passenger 1, passenger/cargo 6, petroleum tanker 8, refrigerated cargo 11, roll on/roll off 4, vehicle carrier 1
foreign-owned:352 (Belgium 1, Canada 2, China 177, Cyprus 4, Egypt 4, Estonia 1, French Polynesia 1, Gabon 1, Greece 2, Hong Kong 10, Indonesia 2, Ireland 1, Japan 1, Lebanon 5, Russia 50, Singapore 3, South Korea 10, Syria 22, Taiwan 1, Turkey 15, UAE 2, UK 1, Ukraine 35, Vietnam 1) (2010)



Ports and terminals
major seaport(s):Sihanoukville (Kampong Saom)
river port(s):Phnom Penh (Mekong)


Military


Military branches
Royal Cambodian Armed Forces: Royal Cambodian Army, Royal Khmer Navy, Royal Cambodian Air Force (2013)


Military service age and obligation
18 is the legal minimum age for compulsory and voluntary military service (2012)


Manpower available for military service
males age 16-49:3,883,724
females age 16-49:4,003,585 (2010 est.)


Manpower fit for military service
males age 16-49:2,638,167
females age 16-49:2,965,328 (2010 est.)


    Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
male:151,143
female:154,542 (2010 est.)


Military expenditures
1.54% of GDP (2012)
country comparison to the world: 60
1.5% of GDP (2011)
1.54% of GDP (2010)


Transnational Issues


Disputes - international
Cambodia is concerned about Laos' extensive upstream dam construction; Cambodia and Thailand dispute sections of boundary; in 2011 Thailand and Cambodia resorted to arms in the dispute over the location of the boundary on the precipice surmounted by Preah Vihear Temple ruins, awarded to Cambodia by ICJ decision in 1962 and part of a UN World Heritage site; Cambodia accuses Vietnam of a wide variety of illicit cross-border activities; progress on a joint development area with Vietnam is hampered by an unresolved dispute over sovereignty of offshore islands


    Trafficking in persons



Illicit drugs
narcotics-related corruption reportedly involving some in the government, military, and police; limited methamphetamine production; vulnerable to money laundering due to its cash-based economy and porous borders

Information provided by CIA - The World Fact Book



Doing Business in Cambodia 2017


           
 

 
Cambodia

  Ease of Doing Business Rank
Overall DTF
131
54.79
 
 
Starting a Business (rank)
180
 
 
Protecting Minority Investors (rank)
114
 
  DTF
54.93
 
  DTF
48.33
 
  Procedures - Men (number)
9.0
 
  Strength of minority investor protection index (0-10)
4.8
 
  Time - Men (number)
99.0
 
  Extent of conflict of interest regulation index (0-10)
6.3
 
  Cost - Men (days)
57.2
 
  Extent of disclosure index (0-10)
5.0
 
  Procedures - Women (days)
9.0
 
  Extent of director liability index (0-10)
10.0
 
  Time - Women (% of income per capita)
99.0
 
  Ease of shareholder suits index (0-10)
4.0
 
  Cost - Women (% of income per capita)
57.2
 
  Extent of shareholder governance index (0-10)
3.3
 
  Paid-in min. capital (% of income per capita)
22.5
 
  Extent of shareholder rights index (0-10)
1.0
 
 

 
  Extent of ownership and control index (0-10)
4.0
 
  Dealing with Construction Permits (rank)
183
 
  Extent of corporate transparency index (0-10)
5.0
 
  DTF
38.64
 
 

 
  Procedures (number)
20.0
 
  Paying Taxes (rank)
124
 
  Time (days)
652.0
 
  DTF
61.97
 
  Cost (% of warehouse value)
5.8
 
  Payments (number per year)
40.0
 
  Building Quality Control Index(0-15)
6.5
 
  Time (hours per year)
173.0
 
  Quality of building regulations index (0-2)
0.5
 
  Total tax rate (% of profit)
21.0
 
  Quality control before construction index (0-1)
1.0
 
  Profit tax (% of profit)
19.5
 
  Quality control during construction index (0-3)
2.0
 
  Labor tax and contributions (% of profit)
0.5
 
  Quality control after construction index (0-3)
2.0
 
  Other taxes (% of profit)
1.0
 
  Liability and insurance regimes index (0-2)
0.0
 
  Postfiling index (0-100)
28.7
 
  Professional certifications index (0-4)
1.0
 
 
 
 
   
 
 
  Trading Across Borders (rank)
102
 
  Getting Electricity (rank)
136
 
  DTF
67.28
 
  DTF
56.00
 
  Time to export: Border compliance (hours)
48
 
  Procedures (number)
4.0
 
  Cost to export: Border compliance (USD)
375
 
  Time (days)
179.0
 
  Time to export: Documentary compliance (hours)
132
 
  Cost (% of income per capita)
2172.3
 
  Cost to export: Documentary compliance (hours) (USD)
100
 
  Reliability of supply and transparency of tariff index (0-8)
3.0
 
  Time to import: Border compliance (hours)
8
 
  Total duration and frequency of outages per customer a year (0-3)
0.0
 
  Cost to import: Border compliance (USD)
240
 
  Mechanisms for monitoring outages (0-1)
0.0
 
  Time to import: Documentary compliance (hours)
132
 
  Mechanisms for restoring service (0-1)
1.0
 
  Cost to import: Documentary compliance (USD)
120
 
  Regulatory monitoring (0-1)
1.0
 
   
 
 
  Financial deterrents aimed at limiting outages (0-1)
0.0
 
  Enforcing Contracts (rank)
178
 
  Communication of tariffs and tariff changes (0-1)
1.0
 
  DTF
32.67
 
  Price of electricity (US cents per kWh)
17.8
 
  Time (days)
483.0
 
   
 
 
  Cost (% of claim)
103.4
 
  Registering Property (rank)
120
 
  Quality of judicial processes index (0-18)
5.0
 
  DTF
54.96
 
   
 
 
  Procedures (number)
7.0
 
  Resolving Insolvency (rank)
72
 
  Time (days)
56.0
 
  DTF
48.10
 
  Cost (% of property value)
4.3
 
  Recovery rate (cents on the dollar)
13.9
 
  Quality of the land administration index (0-30)
7.5
 
  Time (years)
6.0
 
  Reliability of infrastructure index (0-8)
2.0
 
  Cost (% of estate)
18.0
 
  Transparency of information index (0-6)
0.5
 
  Outcome (0 as piecemeal sale and 1 as going concern)
0
 
  Geographic coverage index (0-8)
0.0
 
  Strength of insolvency framework index (0-16)
13.0
 
  Land dispute resolution index (0-8)
5.0
 
  Commencement of proceedings index (0-3)
3.0
 
  Equal access to property rights index (-2-0)
0.0
 
  Management of debtor's assets index (0-6)
4.0
 
 
 
 
  Reorganization proceedings index (0-3)
3.0
 
  Getting Credit (rank)
7
 
  Creditor participation index (0-4)
3.0
 
  DTF
85.00
 
   
 
 
  Strength of legal rights index (0-12)
11.0
 
   
 
 
  Depth of credit information index (0-8)
6.0
 
 
 
 
  Credit registry coverage (% of adults)
0.0
 
   
 
 
  Credit bureau coverage (% of adults)
44.0
 
 
 
 
 

 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 



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