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Chile Business Guide


Geography


Location:
Southern South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Argentina and Peru


Geographic coordinates:
30 00 S, 71 00 W


Map references:
South America


Area:
total:756,102 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 38
land:743,812 sq km
water:12,290 sq km
note:includes Easter Island (Isla de Pascua) and Isla Sala y Gomez


Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than twice the size of Montana


Land boundaries:
total:7,801 km
border countries:Argentina 6,691 km, Bolivia 942 km, Peru 168 km


Coastline:
6,435 km


Maritime claims:
territorial sea:12 nm
contiguous zone:24 nm
exclusive economic zone:200 nm
continental shelf:200/350 nm


Climate:
temperate; desert in north; Mediterranean in central region; cool and damp in south


Terrain:
low coastal mountains; fertile central valley; rugged Andes in east


Elevation extremes:
lowest point:Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point:Nevado Ojos del Salado 6,880 m


    Natural resources:
copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum, hydropower


Land use:
arable land:1.74%
permanent crops:0.6%
other:97.65% (2011)


Irrigated land:
11,990 sq km (2003)


Total renewable water resources:
922 cu km (2011)


Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
922 cu km (2011)

Natural hazards:
severe earthquakes; active volcanism; tsunamis


Environment - current issues:
widespread deforestation and mining threaten natural resources; air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollution from raw sewage


Environment - international agreements:
party to:Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified:none of the selected agreements


Geography - note:
the longest north-south trending country in the world, extending across 38 degrees of latitude; strategic location relative to sea lanes between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans (Strait of Magellan, Beagle Channel, Drake Passage); Atacama Desert - the driest desert in the world - spreads across the northern part of the country; the crater lake of Ojos del Salado is the world's highest lake (at 6,390 m)



People and Society


Nationality:
noun: Chilean(s)
adjective:Chilean


Ethnic groups:
white and non-indigenous 88.9%, Mapuche 9.1%, Aymara 0.7%, other indigenous groups 1% (includes Rapa Nui, Likan Antai, Quechua, Colla, Diaguita, Kawesqar, Yagan or Yamana), unspecified 0.3% (2012 est.)


Languages:
Spanish 99.5% (official), English 10.2%, indigenous 1% (includes Mapudungun, Aymara, Quechua, Rapa Nui), other 2.3%, unspecified 0.2%


Religions:
Roman Catholic 66.7%, Evangelical or Protestant 16.4%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1%, other 3.4%, none 11.5%, unspecified 1.1% (2012 est.)


Demographic profile:
Chile is in the advanced stages of demographic transition and is becoming an aging society - with fertility below replacement level, low mortality rates, and life expectancy on par with developed countries. Nevertheless, with its dependency ratio nearing its low point, Chile could benefit from its favorable age structure. It will need to keep its large working-age population productively employed, while preparing to provide for the needs of its growing proportion of elderly people, especially as women - the traditional caregivers - increasingly enter the workforce. Over the last two decades, Chile has made great strides in reducing its poverty rate, which is now lower than most Latin American countries. However, its severe income inequality ranks as the worst among members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Unequal access to quality education perpetuates this uneven income distribution.


Population:
17,363,894 (July 2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 65


Age structure:
0-14 years:20.7% (male 1,834,247/female 1,760,315)
15-24 years:16.3% (male 1,442,610/female 1,383,738)
25-54 years:43.2% (male 3,733,261/female 3,766,912)
55-64 years:9.9% (male 806,044/female 910,818)
65 years and over:9.7% (male 720,681/female 1,005,268) (2014 est.)


Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio:45.1 %
youth dependency ratio:30.2 %
elderly dependency ratio:14.9 %
potential support ratio:6.7 (2014 est.)


Median age:
total:33.3 years
male:32.2 years
female:34.6 years (2014 est.)


Population growth rate:
0.84% (2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 131


Birth rate:
13.97 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 140


Death rate:
5.93 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 169


Net migration rate:
0.35 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 74


Urbanization:
urban population:89.2% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization:1.09% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)


Major urban areas - population:
SANTIAGO (capital) 6.034 million; Valparaiso 883,000; Concepcion 770,000 (2011)


Sex ratio:
at birth:1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years:1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years:1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years:0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years:0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over:0.71 male(s)/female
total population:0.97 male(s)/female (2014 est.)


    Mother's mean age at first birth:
23.7 (2004 est.)


Maternal mortality rate:
25 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)


Infant mortality rate:
total:7.02 deaths/1,000 live birthscountry comparison to the world: 161
male:7.51 deaths/1,000 live births
female:6.52 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)


Life expectancy at birth:
total population:78.44 yearscountry comparison to the world: 52
male:75.42 years
female:81.59 years (2014 est.)


Total fertility rate:
1.84 children born/woman (2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 148


Contraceptive prevalence rate:
64.2%


Health expenditures:
7.5% of GDP (2011)


Physicians density:
1.03 physicians/1,000 population (2009)


Hospital bed density:
2 beds/1,000 population (2010)


Drinking water source:
improved:
urban: 99.6% of population
rural: 91.3% of population
total: 98.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.4% of population
rural: 8.7% of population
total: 1.2% of population (2012 est.)


Sanitation facility access:
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 89.3% of population
total: 98.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 10.7% of population
total: 1.1% of population (2012 est.)


HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.4% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 77


HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
38,700 (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 68


HIV/AIDS - deaths:
NA


Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
29.4% (2008)country comparison to the world: 30


Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
0.5% (2008)country comparison to the world: 135


Education expenditures:
4.5% of GDP (2012)country comparison to the world: 90

Literacy:
definition:age 15 and over can read and write
total population:98.6%
male:98.6%
female:98.5% (2009 est.)


School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total:15 years
male:15 years
female:16 years (2012)


Child labor - children ages 5-14:



Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:
total:16.3%country comparison to the world: 80
male:14.3%
female:19.1% (2012)


Government


Country name:
conventional long form: Republic of Chile
conventional short form:Chile
local long form:Republica de Chile
local short form:Chile


Government type:
republic


Capital:
name:Santiago; note - Valparaiso is the seat of the national legislature
geographic coordinates:33 27 S, 70 40 W
time difference:UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
daylight saving time:+1hr, under a new pilot program that begins second Sunday in September and ends fourth Sunday in April


Administrative divisions:
15 regions (regiones, singular - region); Aysen, Antofagasta, Araucania, Arica y Parinacota, Atacama, Biobio, Coquimbo, Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins, Los Lagos, Los Rios, Magallanes y de la Antartica Chilena, Maule, Region Metropolitana (Santiago), Tarapaca, Valparaiso


Independence:
18 September 1810 (from Spain)


National holiday:
Independence Day, 18 September (1810)


Constitution:
many previous; latest adopted 11 September 1980, effective 11 March 1981; amended many times, last in 2011 (2011)


Legal system:
civil law system influenced by several West European civil legal systems; judicial review of legislative acts by the Constitutional Tribunal


International law organization participation:
has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction


Suffrage:
18 years of age; universal


Executive branch:
chief of state:President Michelle BACHELET Jeria (since 11 March 2014); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
head of government:President Michelle BACHELET Jeria (since 11 March 2014)
cabinet:Cabinet appointed by the president
elections:president elected by popular vote for a single four-year term; election last held on 17 November 2013 with a runoff election held on 15 December 2013 (next to be held on 19 November 2017)
election results:Michelle BACHELET Jeria elected president; percent of vote - Michelle BACHELET Jeria 62.2%; Evelyn Rose MATTHEI Fornet 37.8%


Legislative branch:
bicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional consists of the Senate or Senado (38 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve eight-year terms; one-half elected every four years) and the Chamber of Deputies or Camara de Diputados (120 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
elections:Senate - last held on 13 December 2009 (next to be held in November 2013); Chamber of Deputies - last held on 13 December 2009 (next to be held in November 2013)
election results:Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - CPD 9 (PDC 4, PPD 3, PS 2), APC 9 (RN 6, UDI 3); Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - APC 58 (UDI 37, RN 18, other 3), CPD 57 (PDC 19, PPD 18, PS 11, PRSD 5, PC 3, other 1), PRI 3, independent 2; note - as of 19 February 2013, the composition of the entire legislature is as follows: Senate - seats by party - CPD 19 (PDC 9, PPD 4, PS 5, PRSD 1), Coalition for Change (former APC) 16 (RN 8, UDI 8), independent 2, MAS 1; Chamber of Deputies - seats by party - Coalition for Change (former APC) 56 (UDI 39, RN 17), CPD 53 (PDC 19, PPD 18, PS 11, PRSD 5), independent 5, PC 3, PRI 2, IC 1


Judicial branch:
highest court(s):Supreme Court or Corte Suprema (consists of a court president and 20 members or ministros); Constitutional Court (consists of 7 members); Electoral Court (consists of 5 members)
judge selection and term of office:Supreme Court judges appointed by the president and ratified by the Senate from lists of candidates provided by the court itself; judges appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 70; Constitutional Court members appointed - 3 by the Supreme Court, 1 by the president of the republic, 2 by the National Security Council, and 1 by the Senate; members serve 8-year terms with partial court replacement every 4 years (the court reviews constitutionality of legislation); Electoral Court member appointments - 4 by the Supreme Court and 1 a former president or vice-president of the Senate or Chamber of Deputies selected by the Supreme Court; member term NA
subordinate courts:Courts of Appeal; oral criminal tribunals; military tribunals; local police courts; specialized tribunals and courts in matters such as family, labor, customs, taxes, and electoral affairs


    Political parties and leaders:
Broad Social Movement or MAS [Alejandro NAVARRO Brain]
Citizen Left or IC
Equality Party [Lautaro GUANCA Vallejos]
Coalition for Change or CC (also known as the Alliance for Chile (Alianza) or APC) (including National Renewal or RN [Carlos LARRAIN Pena], and Independent Democratic Union or UDI [Patricio MELERO]
Coalition of Parties for Democracy (Concertacion) or CPD (including Christian Democratic Party or PDC [Ignacio WALKER Prieto], Party for Democracy or PPD [Jaime Daniel QUINTANA Leal], Radical Social Democratic Party or PRSD [Jose Antonio GOMEZ Urrutia], and Socialist Party or PS [Osvaldo ANDRADE Lara])
Communist Party of Chile (Partido Comunista de Chile) or PC [Guillermo TEILLIER del Valle]
Ecological Green Party [Cristian VILLAROEL Novoa]
Humanist Party or PH [Danilo MONTEVERDE Reyes]
Independent Regionalist Party or PRI [Carlos OLIVARES Zepeda]
Progressive Party or PRO [Marco ENRIQUEZ-OMINAMI Gumucio]


Political pressure groups and leaders:
Roman Catholic Church, particularly conservative groups such as Opus Dei


International organization participation:
APEC, BIS, BRICS, CAN (associate), CD, CELAC, FAO, G-15, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAES, LAIA, Mercosur (associate), MIGA, MINUSTAH, NAM, OAS, OECD (Enhanced Engagement, OPANAL, OPCW, Pacific Alliance, PCA, SICA (observer), UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNASUR, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNMOGIP, UNTSO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO


Diplomatic representation in the US:
chief of mission:Ambassador Juan Gabriel VALDES Soublette (since 21 May 2014)
chancery:1732 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036
telephone:[1] (202) 785-1746
FAX:[1] (202) 887-5579
consulate(s) general:Chicago, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, Philadelphia, San Francisco


Diplomatic representation from the US:
chief of mission:Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Stephen M. LISTON
embassy:Avenida Andres Bello 2800, Las Condes, Santiago
mailing address:APO AA 34033
telephone:[56] (2) 330-3000
FAX:[56] (2) 330-3710, 330-3160


Flag description:
two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red; a blue square the same height as the white band at the hoist-side end of the white band; the square bears a white five-pointed star in the center representing a guide to progress and honor; blue symbolizes the sky, white is for the snow-covered Andes, and red represents the blood spilled to achieve independence


National symbol(s):
huemul (mountain deer); Andean condor


National anthem:
name:'Himno Nacional de Chile' (National Anthem of Chile)

lyrics/music:Eusebio LILLO Robles and Bernardo DE VERA y Pintado/Ramon CARNICER y Battle
note:music adopted 1828, original lyrics adopted 1818, adapted lyrics adopted 1847; under Augusto PINOCHET's military rule, a verse glorifying the army was added; however, as a protest, some citizens refused to sing this verse; it was removed when democracy was restored in 1990


Economy


Economy - overview:
Chile has a market-oriented economy characterized by a high level of foreign trade and a reputation for strong financial institutions and sound policy that have given it the strongest sovereign bond rating in South America. Exports of goods and services account for approximately one-third of GDP, with commodities making up some three-quarters of total exports. Copper alone provides 19% of government revenue. From 2003 through 2013, real growth averaged almost 5% per year, despite the slight contraction in 2009 that resulted from the global financial crisis. Chile deepened its longstanding commitment to trade liberalization with the signing of a free trade agreement with the US, which took effect on 1 January 2004. Chile has 22 trade agreements covering 60 countries including agreements with the European Union, Mercosur, China, India, South Korea, and Mexico. Chile has joined the United States and nine other countries in negotiating the Trans-Pacific-Partnership trade agreement. The Chilean Government has generally followed a countercyclical fiscal policy, accumulating surpluses in sovereign wealth funds during periods of high copper prices and economic growth, and generally allowing deficit spending only during periods of low copper prices and growth. As of 31 December 2012, those sovereign wealth funds - kept mostly outside the country and separate from Central Bank reserves - amounted to more than $20.9 billion. Chile used these funds to finance fiscal stimulus packages during the 2009 economic downturn. In May 2010 Chile signed the OECD Convention, becoming the first South American country to join the OECD.


GDP (purchasing power parity):
$335.4 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 43
$321.3 billion (2012 est.)
$304.2 billion (2011 est.)
note:data are in 2013 US dollars


GDP (official exchange rate):
$281.7 billion (2013 est.)


GDP - real growth rate:
4.4% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 71
5.6% (2012 est.)
5.8% (2011 est.)


GDP - per capita (PPP):
$19,100 (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 73
$18,500 (2012 est.)
$17,600 (2011 est.)
note:data are in 2013 US dollars


Gross national saving:
20.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 78
21.4% of GDP (2012 est.)
22.2% of GDP (2011 est.)


GDP - composition, by end use:
household consumption:63.2%
government consumption:12%
investment in fixed capital:25%
investment in inventories:0.6%
exports of goods and services:32.7%
imports of goods and services:-33.5%
(2013 est.)


GDP - composition, by sector of origin:
agriculture:3.6%
industry:35.4%
services:61% (2013 est.)


Agriculture - products:
grapes, apples, pears, onions, wheat, corn, oats, peaches, garlic, asparagus, beans; beef, poultry, wool; fish; timber


Industries:
copper, lithium, other minerals, foodstuffs, fish processing, iron and steel, wood and wood products, transport equipment, cement, textiles


Industrial production growth rate:
3% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 98

Labor force:
8.367 million (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 58


Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture:13.2%
industry:23%
services:63.9% (2005)


Unemployment rate:
6% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 62
6.3% (2012 est.)


Population below poverty line:
15.1% (2009 est.)


Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%:1.5%
highest 10%:42.8% (2009 est.)


    Distribution of family income - Gini index:
52.1 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 14
57.1 (2000)


Budget:
revenues:$58.49 billion
expenditures:$61.26 billion (2013 est.)


Taxes and other revenues:
20.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 156

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):
-1% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 63


Public debt:
13.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 146
11.9% of GDP (2012 est.)


Fiscal year:
calendar year


Inflation rate (consumer prices):
1.7% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 52
3% (2012 est.)


Central bank discount rate:
3.12% (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 135
0.5% (31 December 2009 est.)


Commercial bank prime lending rate:
9.5% (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 84
10.06% (31 December 2012 est.)


Stock of narrow money:
$41.61 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 52
$40.95 billion (31 December 2012 est.)


Stock of broad money:
$159 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 44
$150.5 billion (31 December 2012 est.)


Stock of domestic credit:
$214 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 39
$202.5 billion (31 December 2012 est.)


Market value of publicly traded shares:
$313.3 billion (31 December 2012 est.)


Current account balance:
-$10.97 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 178
-$9.499 billion (2012 est.)


Exports:
$77.94 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 46
$78.28 billion (2012 est.)


Exports - commodities:
copper, fruit, fish products, paper and pulp, chemicals, wine


Exports - partners:
China 23.3%, US 12.3%, Japan 10.7%, South Korea 5.8%, Brazil 5.5% (2012)


Imports:
$75.7 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 40
$74.86 billion (2012 est.)


Imports - commodities:
petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, electrical and telecommunications equipment, industrial machinery, vehicles, natural gas


Imports - partners:
US 22.9%, China 18.2%, Argentina 6.6%, Brazil 6.5% (2012)


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$39.89 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 46
$41.65 billion (31 December 2012 est.)


Debt - external:
$119 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 44
$112.7 billion (31 December 2012 est.)


Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:
$214.8 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 26
$NA (31 December 2012 est.)


Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:
$109.2 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 29
$91.3 billion (31 December 2012 est.)


Exchange rates:
Chilean pesos (CLP) per US dollar -
491.7 (2013 est.)
486.49 (2012 est.)
510.25 (2010 est.)
560.86 (2009)
509.02 (2008)


Energy


Electricity - production:
62.86 billion kWh (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 43


Electricity - consumption:
53.93 billion kWh (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 44


Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 118


Electricity - imports:
734 million kWh (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 68


Electricity - installed generating capacity:
16.21 million kW (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 45


Electricity - from fossil fuels:
62% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 130


Electricity - from nuclear fuels:
0% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 64


Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:
33.7% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 66


Electricity - from other renewable sources:
4.3% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 49


Crude oil - production:
17,340 bbl/day (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 81


Crude oil - exports:
0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 96


Crude oil - imports:
169,700 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 35


    Crude oil - proved reserves:
150 million bbl (1 January 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 66


Refined petroleum products - production:
187,200 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 55


Refined petroleum products - consumption:
321,700 bbl/day (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 38


Refined petroleum products - exports:
13,040 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 81


Refined petroleum products - imports:
154,100 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 37


Natural gas - production:
1.144 billion cu m (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 63


Natural gas - consumption:
5.296 billion cu m (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 60


Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 79


Natural gas - imports:
3.83 billion cu m (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 38


Natural gas - proved reserves:
97.97 billion cu m (1 January 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 55


Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:
80.1 million Mt (2011 est.)



Communications


Telephones - main lines in use:
3.276 million (2012)
country comparison to the world: 48


Telephones - mobile cellular:
24.13 million (2012)
country comparison to the world: 44


Telephone system:
general assessment:privatization began in 1988; most advanced telecommunications infrastructure in South America; modern system based on extensive microwave radio relay facilities; domestic satellite system with 3 earth stations
domestic:number of fixed-line connections have stagnated in recent years as mobile-cellular usage continues to increase, reaching 130 telephones per 100 persons
international:country code - 56; landing points for the Pan American, South America-1, and South American Crossing/Latin America Nautilus submarine cables providing links to the US and to Central and South America; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2011)



    Broadcast media:
national and local terrestrial TV channels, coupled with extensive cable TV networks; the state-owned Television Nacional de Chile (TVN) network is self financed through commercial advertising revenues and is not under direct government control; large number of privately owned TV stations; about 250 radio stations (2007)


Internet country code:
.cl


Internet hosts:
2.152 million (2012)
country comparison to the world: 38


Internet users:
7.009 million (2009)
country comparison to the world: 39



Transportation


Airports
481 (2013)
country comparison to the world: 15


Airports - with paved runways
total:90
over 3,047 m:5
2,438 to 3,047 m:7
1,524 to 2,437 m:23
914 to 1,523 m:31
under 914 m:24 (2013)


Airports - with unpaved runways
total:391
2,438 to 3,047 m:5
1,524 to 2,437 m:11
914 to 1,523 m:56
under 914 m:
319 (2013)


Heliports
1 (2013)


Pipelines
gas 3,160 km; liquid petroleum gas 781 km; oil 985 km; refined products 722 km (2013)


Railways
total:7,082 kmcountry comparison to the world: 28
broad gauge:3,435 km 1.676-m gauge (850 km electrified)
narrow gauge:3,647 km 1.000-m gauge (2008)


    Roadways
total:77,764 kmcountry comparison to the world: 61
paved:18,119 km (includes 2,387 km of expressways)
unpaved:59,645 km (2010)


Merchant marine
total:42country comparison to the world: 74
by type:bulk carrier 13, cargo 5, chemical tanker 7, container 2, liquefied gas 1, passenger 3, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 8, roll on/roll off 1
foreign-owned:1 (Norway 1)
registered in other countries:52 (Argentina 6, Brazil 1, Honduras 1, Isle of Man 9, Liberia 9, Panama 14, Peru 6, Singapore 6) (2010)



Ports and terminals
major seaport(s):Coronel, Huasco, Lirquen, Puerto Ventanas, San Antonio, San Vicente, Valparaiso


Military


Military branches
Army of the Nation, Chilean Navy (Armada de Chile, includes Naval Aviation, Marine Corps, and Maritime Territory and Merchant Marine Directorate (Directemar)), Chilean Air Force (Fuerza Aerea de Chile, FACh), Carabineros Corps (Cuerpo de Carabineros) (2011)


Military service age and obligation
18-45 years of age for voluntary male and female military service, although the right to compulsory recruitment of males 18-45 is retained; service obligation is 12 months for Army and 22 months for Navy and Air Force (2012)


Manpower available for military service
males age 16-49:4,324,732
females age 16-49:4,251,954 (2010 est.)


Manpower fit for military service
males age 16-49:3,621,475
females age 16-49:3,561,099 (2010 est.)


    Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
male:141,500
female:135,709 (2010 est.)


Military expenditures
2.04% of GDP (2012)
country comparison to the world: 38
2.17% of GDP (2011)
2.04% of GDP (2010)


Transnational Issues


Disputes - international
Chile and Peru rebuff Bolivia's reactivated claim to restore the Atacama corridor, ceded to Chile in 1884, but Chile has offered instead unrestricted but not sovereign maritime access through Chile to Bolivian natural gas; Chile rejects Peru's unilateral legislation to change its latitudinal maritime boundary with Chile to an equidistance line with a southwestern axis favoring Peru; in October 2007, Peru took its maritime complaint with Chile to the ICJ; territorial claim in Antarctica (Chilean Antarctic Territory) partially overlaps Argentine and British claims; the joint boundary commission, established by Chile and Argentina in 2001, has yet to map and demarcate the delimited boundary in the inhospitable Andean Southern Ice Field (Campo de Hielo Sur)


    Illicit drugs
transshipment country for cocaine destined for Europe and the region; some money laundering activity, especially through the Iquique Free Trade Zone; imported precursors passed on to Bolivia; domestic cocaine consumption is rising, making Chile a significant consumer of cocaine (2008)

Information provided by CIA - The World Fact Book



Doing Business in Chile 2017


           
 

 
Chile

  Ease of Doing Business Rank
Overall DTF
57
69.56
 
 
Starting a Business (rank)
59
 
 
Protecting Minority Investors (rank)
32
 
  DTF
89.84
 
  DTF
65.00
 
  Procedures - Men (number)
7.0
 
  Strength of minority investor protection index (0-10)
6.5
 
  Time - Men (number)
5.5
 
  Extent of conflict of interest regulation index (0-10)
7.0
 
  Cost - Men (days)
0.7
 
  Extent of disclosure index (0-10)
8.0
 
  Procedures - Women (days)
7.0
 
  Extent of director liability index (0-10)
6.0
 
  Time - Women (% of income per capita)
5.5
 
  Ease of shareholder suits index (0-10)
7.0
 
  Cost - Women (% of income per capita)
0.7
 
  Extent of shareholder governance index (0-10)
6.0
 
  Paid-in min. capital (% of income per capita)
0.0
 
  Extent of shareholder rights index (0-10)
10.0
 
 

 
  Extent of ownership and control index (0-10)
6.0
 
  Dealing with Construction Permits (rank)
26
 
  Extent of corporate transparency index (0-10)
2.0
 
  DTF
78.83
 
 

 
  Procedures (number)
13.0
 
  Paying Taxes (rank)
120
 
  Time (days)
152.0
 
  DTF
63.85
 
  Cost (% of warehouse value)
0.6
 
  Payments (number per year)
7.0
 
  Building Quality Control Index(0-15)
13.0
 
  Time (hours per year)
291.0
 
  Quality of building regulations index (0-2)
2.0
 
  Total tax rate (% of profit)
30.5
 
  Quality control before construction index (0-1)
1.0
 
  Profit tax (% of profit)
23.9
 
  Quality control during construction index (0-3)
2.0
 
  Labor tax and contributions (% of profit)
4.0
 
  Quality control after construction index (0-3)
3.0
 
  Other taxes (% of profit)
2.6
 
  Liability and insurance regimes index (0-2)
1.0
 
  Postfiling index (0-100)
5.6
 
  Professional certifications index (0-4)
4.0
 
 
 
 
   
 
 
  Trading Across Borders (rank)
65
 
  Getting Electricity (rank)
64
 
  DTF
80.56
 
  DTF
78.31
 
  Time to export: Border compliance (hours)
60
 
  Procedures (number)
6.0
 
  Cost to export: Border compliance (USD)
290
 
  Time (days)
43.0
 
  Time to export: Documentary compliance (hours)
24
 
  Cost (% of income per capita)
70.5
 
  Cost to export: Documentary compliance (hours) (USD)
50
 
  Reliability of supply and transparency of tariff index (0-8)
6.0
 
  Time to import: Border compliance (hours)
54
 
  Total duration and frequency of outages per customer a year (0-3)
2.0
 
  Cost to import: Border compliance (USD)
290
 
  Mechanisms for monitoring outages (0-1)
1.0
 
  Time to import: Documentary compliance (hours)
36
 
  Mechanisms for restoring service (0-1)
1.0
 
  Cost to import: Documentary compliance (USD)
50
 
  Regulatory monitoring (0-1)
1.0
 
   
 
 
  Financial deterrents aimed at limiting outages (0-1)
1.0
 
  Enforcing Contracts (rank)
56
 
  Communication of tariffs and tariff changes (0-1)
0.0
 
  DTF
62.81
 
  Price of electricity (US cents per kWh)
10.5
 
  Time (days)
480.0
 
   
 
 
  Cost (% of claim)
28.6
 
  Registering Property (rank)
58
 
  Quality of judicial processes index (0-18)
9.0
 
  DTF
70.89
 
   
 
 
  Procedures (number)
6.0
 
  Resolving Insolvency (rank)
55
 
  Time (days)
28.5
 
  DTF
55.51
 
  Cost (% of property value)
1.2
 
  Recovery rate (cents on the dollar)
33.5
 
  Quality of the land administration index (0-30)
14.0
 
  Time (years)
3.2
 
  Reliability of infrastructure index (0-8)
2.0
 
  Cost (% of estate)
14.5
 
  Transparency of information index (0-6)
3.5
 
  Outcome (0 as piecemeal sale and 1 as going concern)
0
 
  Geographic coverage index (0-8)
4.0
 
  Strength of insolvency framework index (0-16)
12.0
 
  Land dispute resolution index (0-8)
5.5
 
  Commencement of proceedings index (0-3)
2.5
 
  Equal access to property rights index (-2-0)
-1
 
  Management of debtor's assets index (0-6)
4.5
 
 
 
 
  Reorganization proceedings index (0-3)
2.0
 
  Getting Credit (rank)
82
 
  Creditor participation index (0-4)
3.0
 
  DTF
50.00
 
   
 
 
  Strength of legal rights index (0-12)
4.0
 
   
 
 
  Depth of credit information index (0-8)
6.0
 
 
 
 
  Credit registry coverage (% of adults)
48.4
 
   
 
 
  Credit bureau coverage (% of adults)
12.4
 
 
 
 
 

 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 



Information provided by The World Bank Group

 

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