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Ireland Business Guide


Geography


Location:
Western Europe, occupying five-sixths of the island of Ireland in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain


Geographic coordinates:
53 00 N, 8 00 W


Map references:
Europe


Area:
total:70,273 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 120
land:68,883 sq km
water:1,390 sq km


Area - comparative:
slightly larger than West Virginia


Land boundaries:
total:443 km
border countries:UK 443 km


Coastline:
1,448 km


Maritime claims:
territorial sea:12 nm
exclusive fishing zone:200 nm


Climate:
temperate maritime; modified by North Atlantic Current; mild winters, cool summers; consistently humid; overcast about half the time


Terrain:
mostly level to rolling interior plain surrounded by rugged hills and low mountains; sea cliffs on west coast


Elevation extremes:
lowest point:Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point:Carrauntoohil 1,041 m


    Natural resources:
natural gas, peat, copper, lead, zinc, silver, barite, gypsum, limestone, dolomite


Land use:
arable land:15.11%
permanent crops:0.01%
other:84.87% (2011)


Irrigated land:
11 sq km (2003)


Total renewable water resources:
52 cu km (2011)


Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
52 cu km (2011)

Natural hazards:
NA


Environment - current issues:
water pollution, especially of lakes, from agricultural runoff


Environment - international agreements:
party to:Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified:Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Marine Life Conservation


Geography - note:
strategic location on major air and sea routes between North America and northern Europe; over 40% of the population resides within 100 km of Dublin



People and Society


Nationality:
noun: Irishman(men), Irishwoman(women), Irish (collective plural)
adjective:Irish


Ethnic groups:
Irish 84.5%, other white 9.8%, Asian 1.9%, black 1.4%, mixed and other 0.9%, unspecified 1.6% (2011 est.)


Languages:
English (official, the language generally used), Irish (Gaelic or Gaeilge) (official, spoken mainly in areas along the western coast)


Religions:
Roman Catholic 84.7%, Church of Ireland 2.7%, other Christian 2.7%, Muslim 1.1%, other 1.7%, unspecified 1.5%, none 5.7% (2011 est.)


Population:
4,832,765 (July 2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 123


Age structure:
0-14 years:21.4% (male 529,140/female 506,857)
15-24 years:11.9% (male 292,962/female 283,127)
25-54 years:44.1% (male 1,070,875/female 1,061,396)
55-64 years:10.1% (male 245,913/female 244,345)
65 years and over:12.1% (male 275,114/female 323,036) (2014 est.)


Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio:51.4 %
youth dependency ratio:32.7 %
elderly dependency ratio:18.7 %
potential support ratio:5.4 (2014 est.)


Median age:
total:35.7 years
male:35.4 years
female:36.1 years (2014 est.)


Population growth rate:
1.2% (2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 99


Birth rate:
15.18 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 132


Death rate:
6.45 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 154


Net migration rate:
3.31 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 34


Urbanization:
urban population:62.2% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization:1.63% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)


Major urban areas - population:
DUBLIN (capital) 1.121 million (2011)


Sex ratio:
at birth:1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years:1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years:1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years:1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years:1 male(s)/female
65 years and over:0.84 male(s)/female
total population:1 male(s)/female (2014 est.)


Mother's mean age at first birth:
29.8


Maternal mortality rate:
6 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)


Infant mortality rate:
total:3.74 deaths/1,000 live birthscountry comparison to the world: 202
male:4.11 deaths/1,000 live births
female:3.35 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)


    Life expectancy at birth:
total population:80.56 yearscountry comparison to the world: 27
male:78.28 years
female:82.97 years (2014 est.)


Total fertility rate:
2 children born/woman (2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 125


Contraceptive prevalence rate:
64.8%


Health expenditures:
9.4% of GDP (2011)


Physicians density:
3.19 physicians/1,000 population (2008)


Hospital bed density:
3.2 beds/1,000 population (2010)


Drinking water source:
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 99.7% of population
total: 99.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0.3% of population
total: 0.1% of population (2012 est.)


Sanitation facility access:
improved:
urban: 99.6% of population
rural: 97.9% of population
total: 99% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.4% of population
rural: 2.1% of population
total: 1% of population (2012 est.)


HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.2% (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 116


HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
6,900 (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 118


HIV/AIDS - deaths:
fewer than 100 (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 119


Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
25.2% (2008)country comparison to the world: 57


Education expenditures:
6.4% of GDP (2010)country comparison to the world: 31

Literacy:
definition:age 15 and over can read and write
total population:99%
male:99%
female:99% (2003 est.)


School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total:19 years
male:19 years
female:19 years (2011)


Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:
total:24%country comparison to the world: 42
male:36.4%
female:24% (2012)


Government


Country name:
conventional long form: none
conventional short form:Ireland
local long form:none
local short form:Eire


Government type:
republic, parliamentary democracy


Capital:
name:Dublin
geographic coordinates:53 19 N, 6 14 W
time difference:UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
daylight saving time:+1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October


Administrative divisions:
28 counties and 3 cities*; Carlow, Cavan, Clare, Cork, Cork*, Donegal, Dublin*, Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown, Fingal, Galway, Galway*, Kerry, Kildare, Kilkenny, Laois, Leitrim, Limerick, Longford, Louth, Mayo, Meath, Monaghan, Offaly, Roscommon, Sligo, South Dublin, Tipperary, Waterford, Westmeath, Wexford, Wicklow


Independence:
6 December 1921 (from the UK by treaty)


National holiday:
Saint Patrick's Day, 17 March


Constitution:
previous 1922; latest drafted 14 June 1937, adopted by plebiscite 1 July 1937, effective 29 December 1937; amended many times, last in 2013 (2013)


Legal system:
common law system based on the English model but substantially modified by customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in Supreme Court


International law organization participation:
has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction


Suffrage:
18 years of age; universal


Executive branch:
chief of state:President Michael D. HIGGINS (since 29 October 2011)
head of government:Taoiseach (Prime Minister) Enda KENNY (since 9 March 2011)
cabinet:Cabinet appointed by the president with previous nomination by the prime minister and approval of the lower house of Parliament
elections:president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 29 October 2011 (next to be held in October 2018); taoiseach (prime minister) nominated by the House of Representatives (Dail Eireann) and appointed by the president
election results:Michael D. HIGGINS elected president; percent of vote - Michael D. HIGGINS 39.6%, Sean GALLAGHER 28.5%, Martin MCGUINNESS 13.7%, Gay MITCHELL 6.4%, David NORRIS 6.2%, other 5.6%


Legislative branch:
bicameral Parliament or Oireachtas consists of the Senate or Seanad Eireann (60 seats; 49 members elected by the universities and from candidates put forward by five vocational panels, 11 are nominated by the prime minister; members serve five-year terms) and the House of Representatives or Dail Eireann (166 seats; members elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve five-year terms)
elections:Senate - last held in 27 April 2011 (next to be held 2016); House of Representatives - last held on 25 February 2011 (next to be held probably in 2016)
election results:Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Fine Gael 19, Fianna Fail 14, Labor Party 12, Sinn Fein 3, independents 12; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - Fine Gael 36.1%, Labor Party 19.5%, Fianna Fail 17.5%, Sinn Fein 9.9%, United Left Alliance 2.6%, independents and others 14.4%; seats by party - Fine Gael 76, Labor Party 37, Fianna Fail 20, Sinn Fein 14, United Left Alliance 5, independents 14


Judicial branch:
highest court(s):Supreme Court or Court of Final Appeal (consists of the chief justice and 7 judges)
judge selection and term of office:judges nominated by the prime minister and Cabinet and appointed by the president; judges serve till age 70
subordinate courts:High Court, Court of Criminal Appeal; circuit and district courts


    Political parties and leaders:
Fianna Fail [Micheal MARTIN]
Fine Gael [Enda KENNY]
Green Party [Eamon RYAN]
Labor Party [Eamon GILMORE]
New Vision
Sinn Fein [Gerry ADAMS]
Socialist Party [Collective Leadership]
The Workers' Party [Michael FINNEGAN]
United Left Alliance


Political pressure groups and leaders:
Families Acting for Innocent Relatives or FAIR [Brian MCCONNELL] (seek compensation for victims of violence);


International organization participation:
ADB (nonregional member), Australia Group, BIS, CD, CE, EAPC, EBRD, ECB, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, FATF, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD (partners), IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINURSO, MONUSCO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNITAR, UNOCI, UNRWA, UNTSO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC


Diplomatic representation in the US:
chief of mission:Ambassador Anne Colette ANDERSON (since 28 August 2013)
chancery:2234 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone:[1] (202) 462-3939
FAX:[1] (202) 232-5993
consulate(s) general:Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, New York, San Francisco; note - Ireland will open a consulate general in Austin by the end of 2014


Diplomatic representation from the US:
chief of mission:Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Stuart DWYER (since 5 September 2013)
embassy:42 Elgin Road, Ballsbridge, Dublin 4
mailing address:use embassy street address
telephone:[353] (1) 668-8777
FAX:[353] (1) 668-9946


Flag description:
three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and orange; officially the flag colors have no meaning, but a common interpretation is that the green represents the Irish nationalist (Gaelic) tradition of Ireland; orange represents the Orange tradition (minority supporters of William of Orange); white symbolizes peace (or a lasting truce) between the green and the orange


National symbol(s):
harp, shamrock (trefoil)


National anthem:
name:'Amhran na bhFiann' (The Soldier's Song)

lyrics/music:Peadar KEARNEY [English], Liam O RINN [Irish]/Patrick HEENEY and Peadar KEARNEY
note:adopted 1926; instead of 'Amhran na bhFiann,' the song 'Ireland's Call' is often used in athletic events where citizens of the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland compete as a unified team


Economy


Economy - overview:
Ireland is a small, modern, trade-dependent economy. Ireland was among the initial group of 12 EU nations that began circulating the euro on 1 January 2002. GDP growth averaged 6% in 1995-2007, but economic activity has dropped sharply since the onset of the world financial crisis. Ireland entered into a recession in 2008 for the first time in more than a decade, with the subsequent collapse of its domestic property market and construction industry. Property prices rose more rapidly in Ireland in the decade up to 2007 than in any other developed economy. Since their 2007 peak, average house prices have fallen 47%. In the wake of the collapse of the construction sector and the downturn in consumer spending and business investment, the export sector, dominated by foreign multinationals, has become an even more important component of Ireland's economy. Agriculture, once the most important sector, is now dwarfed by industry and services. In 2008 the former COWEN government moved to guarantee all bank deposits, recapitalize the banking system, and establish partly-public venture capital funds in response to the country's economic downturn. In 2009, in continued efforts to stabilize the banking sector, the Irish Government established the National Asset Management Agency (NAMA) to acquire problem commercial property and development loans from Irish banks. Faced with sharply reduced revenues and a burgeoning budget deficit, the Irish Government introduced the first in a series of draconian budgets in 2009. In addition to across-the-board cuts in spending, the 2009 budget included wage reductions for all public servants. These measures were not sufficient to stabilize Ireland’s public finances. In 2010, the budget deficit reached 32.4% of GDP - the world's largest deficit, as a percentage of GDP - because of additional government support for the country’s deeply troubled banking sector. In late 2010, the former COWEN government agreed to a $92 billion loan package from the EU and IMF to help Dublin recapitalize Ireland’s fragile banking sector and avoid defaulting on its sovereign debt. Since entering office in March 2011, the new KENNY government has intensified austerity measures to try to meet the deficit targets under Ireland's EU-IMF program. Ireland has grown slowly since 2011, but managed to reduce the budget deficit to 7.2% of GDP in 2013. In late 2013, Ireland formally exited its EU-IMF bailout program, benefiting from its strict adherence to deficit-reduction targets and success in refinancing a large amount of banking-related debt.


GDP (purchasing power parity):
$190.4 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 59
$189.3 billion (2012 est.)
$189 billion (2011 est.)
note:data are in 2013 US dollars


GDP (official exchange rate):
$220.9 billion (2013 est.)


GDP - real growth rate:
0.6% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 184
0.2% (2012 est.)
2.2% (2011 est.)


GDP - per capita (PPP):
$41,300 (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 25
$41,300 (2012 est.)
$41,300 (2011 est.)
note:data are in 2013 US dollars


Gross national saving:
13.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 117
15.3% of GDP (2012 est.)
12.5% of GDP (2011 est.)


GDP - composition, by end use:
household consumption:50.2%
government consumption:14.8%
investment in fixed capital:10%
investment in inventories:0%
exports of goods and services:106.8%
imports of goods and services:-81.9%
(2013 est.)


GDP - composition, by sector of origin:
agriculture:1.6%
industry:28%
services:70.4% (2013 est.)


Agriculture - products:
barley, potatoes, wheat; beef, dairy products


Industries:
pharmaceuticals, chemicals, computer hardware and software, food products, beverages and brewing; medical devices


Industrial production growth rate:
0.2% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 162

Labor force:
2.161 million (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 120


Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture:5%
industry:19%
services:76% (2011 est.)


Unemployment rate:
13.5% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 132
14.7% (2012 est.)


Population below poverty line:
5.5% (2009)


Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%:2.9%
highest 10%:27.2% (2000)


Distribution of family income - Gini index:
33.9 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 97
35.9 (1987)


    Budget:
revenues:$75.32 billion
expenditures:$91.3 billion (2013 est.)


Taxes and other revenues:
34.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 70

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):
-7.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 187


Public debt:
124.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7
117.6% of GDP (2012 est.)
note:data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions


Fiscal year:
calendar year


Inflation rate (consumer prices):
0.6% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 15
1.7% (2012 est.)


Central bank discount rate:
0.75% (31 December 2013)
country comparison to the world: 124
1.5% (31 December 2010)
note:this is the European Central Bank's rate on the marginal lending facility, which offers overnight credit to banks in the euro area


Commercial bank prime lending rate:
3.2% (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 164
3.55% (31 December 2012 est.)


Stock of narrow money:
$121.3 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 31
$122.3 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
note:see entry for the European Union for money supply in the euro area; the European Central Bank (ECB) controls monetary policy for the 17 members of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU); individual members of the EMU do not control the quantity of money circulating within their own borders


Stock of broad money:
$238 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 35
$238.7 billion (31 December 2012 est.)


Stock of domestic credit:
$425.4 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 29
$433.1 billion (31 December 2012 est.)


Market value of publicly traded shares:
$109 billion (31 December 2012 est.)


Current account balance:
$7.3 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 26
$9.245 billion (2012 est.)


Exports:
$113.6 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 35
$119.3 billion (2012 est.)


Exports - commodities:
machinery and equipment, computers, chemicals, medical devices, pharmaceuticals; food products, animal products


Exports - partners:
US 17.9%, UK 17.3%, Belgium 15.6%, Germany 8.4%, Switzerland 5.8%, France 5% (2012)


Imports:
$61.51 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 48
$63.63 billion (2012 est.)


Imports - commodities:
data processing equipment, other machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum and petroleum products, textiles, clothing


Imports - partners:
UK 39.8%, US 13.2%, Germany 7.6%, Netherlands 5.7% (2012)


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$1.707 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 126
$1.703 billion (31 December 2011 est.)


Debt - external:
$2.164 trillion (31 December 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 11
$2.213 trillion (31 December 2011)


Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:
$777.3 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 11
$725.8 billion (31 December 2012 est.)


Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:
$792.6 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 11
$766 billion (31 December 2012 est.)


Exchange rates:
euros (EUR) per US dollar -
0.7634 (2013 est.)
0.7752 (2012 est.)
0.755 (2010 est.)
0.7198 (2009 est.)
0.6827 (2008 est.)


Energy


Electricity - production:
26.04 billion kWh (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 67


Electricity - consumption:
26.1 billion kWh (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 65


Electricity - exports:
370 million kWh (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 69


Electricity - imports:
724 million kWh (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 70


Electricity - installed generating capacity:
8.316 million kW (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 64


Electricity - from fossil fuels:
76.2% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 98


Electricity - from nuclear fuels:
0% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 81


Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:
2.9% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 130


Electricity - from other renewable sources:
17.4% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 9


Crude oil - production:
725.6 bbl/day (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 112


Crude oil - exports:
1,858 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 68


Crude oil - imports:
62,070 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 53


    Crude oil - proved reserves:
0 bbl (1 January 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 126


Refined petroleum products - production:
59,630 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 80


Refined petroleum products - consumption:
144,000 bbl/day (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 69


Refined petroleum products - exports:
26,120 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 70


Refined petroleum products - imports:
166,000 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 34


Natural gas - production:
373 million cu m (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 74


Natural gas - consumption:
5.506 billion cu m (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 57


Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 93


Natural gas - imports:
4.522 billion cu m (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 36


Natural gas - proved reserves:
9.911 billion cu m (1 January 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 83


Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:
36.57 million Mt (2011 est.)



Communications


Telephones - main lines in use:
2.007 million (2012)
country comparison to the world: 57


Telephones - mobile cellular:
4.906 million (2012)
country comparison to the world: 114


Telephone system:
general assessment:modern digital system using cable and microwave radio relay
domestic:system privatized but dominated by former state monopoly operator; increasing levels of broadband access particularly in urban areas
international:country code - 353; landing point for the Hibernia-Atlantic submarine cable with links to the US, Canada, and UK; satellite earth stations - 81 (2014)



    Broadcast media:
publicly owned broadcaster Radio Telefis Eireann (RTE) operates 2 TV stations; commercial TV stations are available; about 75% of households utilize multi-channel satellite and TV services that provide access to a wide range of stations; RTE operates 4 national radio stations and has launched digital audio broadcasts on several stations; a number of commercial broadcast stations operate at the national, regional, and local levels (2014)


Internet country code:
.ie


Internet hosts:
1.387 million (2012)
country comparison to the world: 40


Internet users:
3.042 million (2009)
country comparison to the world: 67



Transportation


Airports
40 (2013)
country comparison to the world: 105


Airports - with paved runways
total:16
over 3,047 m:1
2,438 to 3,047 m:1
1,524 to 2,437 m:4
914 to 1,523 m:5
under 914 m:5 (2013)


Airports - with unpaved runways
total:24
2,438 to 3,047 m:1
914 to 1,523 m:2
under 914 m:
21 (2013)


Pipelines
gas 2,147 km (2013)


Railways
total:3,237 kmcountry comparison to the world: 54
broad gauge:1,872 km 1.600-m gauge (37 km electrified)
narrow gauge:1,365 km 0.914-m gauge (operated by the Irish Peat Board to transport peat to power stations and briquetting plants) (2008)


    Roadways
total:96,036 kmcountry comparison to the world: 49
paved:96,036 km (includes 1,224 km of expressways) (2014)


Waterways
956 km (pleasure craft only) (2010)
country comparison to the world: 68


Merchant marine
total:31country comparison to the world: 83
by type:cargo 28, chemical tanker 2, container 1
foreign-owned:5 (France 2, Spain 1, US 2)
registered in other countries:33 (Bahamas 3, Bermuda 1, Cambodia 1, Cyprus 3, Isle of Man 1, Kazakhstan 1, Malta 4, Marshall Islands 6, Netherlands 8, Panama 1, Russia 1, Slovakia 1, Sweden 1, UK 1) (2010)



Ports and terminals
major seaport(s):Dublin, Shannon Foynes,
river port(s):Cork (Lee), Waterford (Suir)
container port(s) (TEUs):Dublin (1,931,001)


Military


Military branches
Irish Defence Forces (Oglaigh na h-Eireannn), Permanent Defence Forces (PDF): Army, Naval Service, Air Corps; Reserve Defence Forces (RDF): Army, Naval Service Reserves (2014)


Military service age and obligation
18-25 years of age for male and female voluntary military service recruits to the Permanent Defence Forces (PDF; 18-27 years of age for the Naval Service); 18-28 for cadetship (officer) applicants; 18-35 years of age for the Reserve Defence Forces (RDF); maximum obligation 12 years (PDF officers), 5 years (PDF enlisted), 3 years RDF (4 years for Naval Service Reserves); EU citizenship, refugee status, or 5-year residence in Ireland required (2014)


Manpower available for military service
males age 16-49:1,179,125
females age 16-49:1,163,728 (2010 est.)


    Manpower fit for military service
males age 16-49:977,631
females age 16-49:965,900 (2010 est.)


Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
male:28,564
female:27,197 (2010 est.)


Military expenditures
0.55% of GDP (2012)
country comparison to the world: 125
0.59% of GDP (2011)
0.55% of GDP (2010)


Transnational Issues


Disputes - international
Ireland, Iceland, and the UK dispute Denmark's claim that the Faroe Islands' continental shelf extends beyond 200 nm


Refugees and internally displaced persons
stateless persons:73 (2012)


    Illicit drugs
transshipment point for and consumer of hashish from North Africa to the UK and Netherlands and of European-produced synthetic drugs; increasing consumption of South American cocaine; minor transshipment point for heroin and cocaine destined for Western Europe; despite recent legislation, narcotics-related money laundering - using bureaux de change, trusts, and shell companies involving the offshore financial community - remains a concern

Information provided by CIA - The World Fact Book



Doing Business in Ireland 2017


           
 

 
Ireland

  Ease of Doing Business Rank
Overall DTF
18
79.53
 
 
Starting a Business (rank)
10
 
 
Protecting Minority Investors (rank)
13
 
  DTF
95.91
 
  DTF
73.33
 
  Procedures - Men (number)
3.0
 
  Strength of minority investor protection index (0-10)
7.3
 
  Time - Men (number)
5.0
 
  Extent of conflict of interest regulation index (0-10)
8.7
 
  Cost - Men (days)
0.2
 
  Extent of disclosure index (0-10)
9.0
 
  Procedures - Women (days)
3.0
 
  Extent of director liability index (0-10)
8.0
 
  Time - Women (% of income per capita)
5.0
 
  Ease of shareholder suits index (0-10)
9.0
 
  Cost - Women (% of income per capita)
0.2
 
  Extent of shareholder governance index (0-10)
6.0
 
  Paid-in min. capital (% of income per capita)
0.0
 
  Extent of shareholder rights index (0-10)
7.0
 
 

 
  Extent of ownership and control index (0-10)
4.0
 
  Dealing with Construction Permits (rank)
38
 
  Extent of corporate transparency index (0-10)
7.0
 
  DTF
76.01
 
 

 
  Procedures (number)
10.0
 
  Paying Taxes (rank)
5
 
  Time (days)
149.5
 
  DTF
94.40
 
  Cost (% of warehouse value)
5.4
 
  Payments (number per year)
9.0
 
  Building Quality Control Index(0-15)
13.0
 
  Time (hours per year)
82.0
 
  Quality of building regulations index (0-2)
2.0
 
  Total tax rate (% of profit)
26.0
 
  Quality control before construction index (0-1)
1.0
 
  Profit tax (% of profit)
12.4
 
  Quality control during construction index (0-3)
3.0
 
  Labor tax and contributions (% of profit)
12.2
 
  Quality control after construction index (0-3)
3.0
 
  Other taxes (% of profit)
1.4
 
  Liability and insurance regimes index (0-2)
0.0
 
  Postfiling index (0-100)
92.7
 
  Professional certifications index (0-4)
4.0
 
 
 
 
   
 
 
  Trading Across Borders (rank)
47
 
  Getting Electricity (rank)
33
 
  DTF
87.25
 
  DTF
84.19
 
  Time to export: Border compliance (hours)
24
 
  Procedures (number)
5.0
 
  Cost to export: Border compliance (USD)
305
 
  Time (days)
85.0
 
  Time to export: Documentary compliance (hours)
1
 
  Cost (% of income per capita)
61.9
 
  Cost to export: Documentary compliance (hours) (USD)
75
 
  Reliability of supply and transparency of tariff index (0-8)
8.0
 
  Time to import: Border compliance (hours)
24
 
  Total duration and frequency of outages per customer a year (0-3)
3.0
 
  Cost to import: Border compliance (USD)
253
 
  Mechanisms for monitoring outages (0-1)
1.0
 
  Time to import: Documentary compliance (hours)
1
 
  Mechanisms for restoring service (0-1)
1.0
 
  Cost to import: Documentary compliance (USD)
75
 
  Regulatory monitoring (0-1)
1.0
 
   
 
 
  Financial deterrents aimed at limiting outages (0-1)
1.0
 
  Enforcing Contracts (rank)
90
 
  Communication of tariffs and tariff changes (0-1)
1.0
 
  DTF
57.88
 
  Price of electricity (US cents per kWh)
21.4
 
  Time (days)
650.0
 
   
 
 
  Cost (% of claim)
26.9
 
  Registering Property (rank)
41
 
  Quality of judicial processes index (0-18)
8.5
 
  DTF
76.28
 
   
 
 
  Procedures (number)
5.0
 
  Resolving Insolvency (rank)
17
 
  Time (days)
31.5
 
  DTF
80.01
 
  Cost (% of property value)
2.5
 
  Recovery rate (cents on the dollar)
87.7
 
  Quality of the land administration index (0-30)
21.0
 
  Time (years)
0.4
 
  Reliability of infrastructure index (0-8)
8.0
 
  Cost (% of estate)
9.0
 
  Transparency of information index (0-6)
4.5
 
  Outcome (0 as piecemeal sale and 1 as going concern)
1
 
  Geographic coverage index (0-8)
2.0
 
  Strength of insolvency framework index (0-16)
10.5
 
  Land dispute resolution index (0-8)
6.5
 
  Commencement of proceedings index (0-3)
3.0
 
  Equal access to property rights index (-2-0)
0.0
 
  Management of debtor's assets index (0-6)
5.0
 
 
 
 
  Reorganization proceedings index (0-3)
1.5
 
  Getting Credit (rank)
32
 
  Creditor participation index (0-4)
1.0
 
  DTF
70.00
 
   
 
 
  Strength of legal rights index (0-12)
7.0
 
   
 
 
  Depth of credit information index (0-8)
7.0
 
 
 
 
  Credit registry coverage (% of adults)
0.0
 
   
 
 
  Credit bureau coverage (% of adults)
100.0
 
 
 
 
 

 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 



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