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Tunisia Business Guide


Geography


Location:
Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Libya


Geographic coordinates:
34 00 N, 9 00 E


Map references:
Africa


Area:
total:163,610 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 93
land:155,360 sq km
water:8,250 sq km


Area - comparative:
Area comparison map: '>


Land boundaries:
total:1,424 km
border countries:Algeria 965 km, Libya 459 km


Coastline:
1,148 km


Maritime claims:
territorial sea:12 nm
contiguous zone:24 nm
exclusive economic zone:12 nm


Climate:
temperate in north with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers; desert in south


    Terrain:
mountains in north; hot, dry central plain; semiarid south merges into the Sahara


Elevation extremes:
lowest point:Shatt al Gharsah -17 m
highest point:Jebel ech Chambi 1,544 m


Natural resources:
petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt


Land use:
arable land:17.35%
permanent crops:14.63%
other:68.02% (2011)


Irrigated land:
3,970 sq km (2003)


Total renewable water resources:
4.6 cu km (2011)


Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
4.6 cu km (2011)

Natural hazards:
NA


Environment - current issues:
toxic and hazardous waste disposal is ineffective and poses health risks; water pollution from raw sewage; limited natural freshwater resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification


Environment - international agreements:
party to:Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified:Marine Life Conservation


Geography - note:
strategic location in central Mediterranean; Malta and Tunisia are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries, particularly for oil exploration



People and Society


Nationality:
noun: Tunisian(s)
adjective:Tunisian


Ethnic groups:
Arab 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1%


Languages:
Arabic (official, one of the languages of commerce), French (commerce), Berber (Tamazight)


Religions:
Muslim (official; Sunni) 99.1%, other (includes Christian, Jewish, Shia Muslim, and Baha'i) 1%


Population:
10,937,521 (July 2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 79


Age structure:
0-14 years:23% (male 1,298,262/female 1,219,086)
15-24 years:16% (male 879,755/female 871,954)
25-54 years:44.6% (male 2,373,765/female 2,509,750)
55-64 years:8.4% (male 468,278/female 454,170)
65 years and over:7.7% (male 423,350/female 439,151) (2014 est.)


Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio:43.9 %
youth dependency ratio:33.4 %
elderly dependency ratio:10.5 %
potential support ratio:9.5 (2014 est.)


Median age:
total:31.4 years
male:31 years
female:31.8 years (2014 est.)


Population growth rate:
0.92% (2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 126


Birth rate:
16.9 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 112


Death rate:
5.94 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 167


Net migration rate:
-1.74 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 161


Urbanization:
urban population:66.3% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization:1.34% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)


Major urban areas - population:
TUNIS (capital) 790,000 (2011)


Sex ratio:
at birth:1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years:1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years:1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years:0.95 male(s)/female
55-64 years:0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over:0.96 male(s)/female
total population:0.99 male(s)/female (2014 est.)


Maternal mortality rate:
56 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)


Infant mortality rate:
total:23.19 deaths/1,000 live birthscountry comparison to the world: 78
male:26.63 deaths/1,000 live births
female:19.51 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)


    Life expectancy at birth:
total population:75.68 yearscountry comparison to the world: 92
male:73.6 years
female:77.9 years (2014 est.)


Total fertility rate:
2 children born/woman (2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 126


Contraceptive prevalence rate:
63% (2012)


Health expenditures:
6.2% of GDP (2011)


Physicians density:
1.22 physicians/1,000 population (2010)


Hospital bed density:
2.1 beds/1,000 population (2010)


Drinking water source:
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 90.5% of population
total: 96.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 9.5% of population
total: 3.2% of population (2012 est.)


Sanitation facility access:
improved:
urban: 97.4% of population
rural: 76.6% of population
total: 90.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.6% of population
rural: 23.4% of population
total: 9.6% of population (2012 est.)


HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.1% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 147


HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
2,300 (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 138


HIV/AIDS - deaths:
100 (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 147


Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
22.3% (2008)country comparison to the world: 80


Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
3.3% (2006)country comparison to the world: 110


Education expenditures:
6.2% of GDP (2012)country comparison to the world: 38

Literacy:
definition:age 15 and over can read and write
total population:79.1%
male:87.4%
female:71.1% (2010 est.)


School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total:15 years
male:14 years
female:15 years (2010)


Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:
total:42.3% (2011)country comparison to the world: 10


Government


Country name:
conventional long form: Tunisian Republic
conventional short form:Tunisia
local long form:Al Jumhuriyah at Tunisiyah
local short form:Tunis


Government type:
republic


Capital:
name:Tunis
geographic coordinates:36 48 N, 10 11 E
time difference:UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)


Administrative divisions:
24 governorates (wilayat, singular - wilayah); Beja (Bajah), Ben Arous (Bin 'Arus), Bizerte (Banzart), Gabes (Qabis), Gafsa (Qafsah), Jendouba (Jundubah), Kairouan (Al Qayrawan), Kasserine (Al Qasrayn), Kebili (Qibili), Kef (Al Kaf), L'Ariana (Aryanah), Mahdia (Al Mahdiyah), Manouba (Manubah), Medenine (Madanin), Monastir (Al Munastir), Nabeul (Nabul), Sfax (Safaqis), Sidi Bouzid (Sidi Bu Zayd), Siliana (Silyanah), Sousse (Susah), Tataouine (Tatawin), Tozeur (Tawzar), Tunis, Zaghouan (Zaghwan)


Independence:
20 March 1956 (from France)


National holiday:
Independence Day, 20 March (1956); Revolution and Youth Day, 14 January (2011)


Constitution:
several previous; latest approved by Constituent Assembly 26 January 2014 (2014)


Legal system:
mixed legal system of civil law, based on the French civil code, and Islamic law; some judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court in joint session


International law organization participation:
has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt


Suffrage:
18 years of age; universal except for active government security forces (including the police and the military), people with mental disabilities, people who have served more than three months in prison (criminal cases only), and people given a suspended sentence of more than six months


Executive branch:
note:the interim government remains in power pending a general election slated for late 2014
chief of state:President Moncef MARZOUKI (since 12 December 2011)
head of government:Prime Minister Mehdi JOMAA (since 29 January 2014)
cabinet:selected by the prime minister and approved by the Constituent Assembly
elections:president elected by Constituent Assembly; election last held on 12 December 2011 (next to be held NA); prime minister appointed by the president
election results:President MARZOUKI re-elected president; Constituent Assembly vote - 153 of 156


Legislative branch:
unicameral Constituent Assembly (217 seats); note - the legislative role of the Constituent Assembly remains unclear
elections:initial election of 217 Constituent Assembly members held on 23 October 2011 (next to be held NA)
election results:percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - al-Nahda 89, CPR 29, Popular Petition 26, FDTL 20, PDP 16, PDM 5, The Initiative 5, Afek Tounes 4, PCOT 3, other minor parties each with fewer than three seats 20


Judicial branch:
highest court(s):Court of Cassation or Cour de Cassation (organized into civil and criminal chambers and consists of NA judges)
judge selection and term of office:judges nominated by the Higher Magistracy Council (also called the Superior Council of the Judiciary), a 7-member body of judges and prosecutors; judges appointed by presidential decree; judge tenure NA
subordinate courts:Administrative Court; Courts of Appeal; Housing Court; courts of first instance; lower district courts; military courts


    Political parties and leaders:
Afek Tounes [Emna MINF]
Alliance for Tunisia (a coalition of Tunisia's Call [Beji Caid ESSEBSI], Republican Party [Maya JRIBI and Najib CHBBI],Democratic Path [Ahmed BRAHIM])
al-Nahda (The Renaissance) [Rachid GHANNOUCHI]
Congress Party for the Republic or CPR [Moncef MARZOUKI]
Democratic Forum for Labor and Liberties or FDTL (Ettakatol) [Mustapha Ben JAAFAR]
Democratic Modernist Pole or PDM (a coalition)
Democratic Socialist Movement or MDS
Et-Tajdid Movement [Ahmed IBRAHIM]
Green Party for Progress or PVP [Mongi KHAMASSI]
Liberal Social Party or PSL [Mondher THABET]
Movement of Socialist Democrats or MDS [Ismail BOULAHYA]
Popular Petition (Aridha Chaabia) [Hachemi HAMDI]
Popular Unity Party or PUP [Mohamed BOUCHIHA]
Progressive Democratic Party or PDP [Maya JERIBI]
The Initiative [Kamel MORJANE] (formerly the Constitutional Democratic Rally or RCD)
Tunisian Workers' Communist Party or PCOT [Hamma HAMMAMI]
Unionist Democratic Union or UDU [Ahmed INOUBLI]


Political pressure groups and leaders:
18 October Group [collective leadership]; Tunisian League for Human Rights or LTDH [Mokhtar TRIFI]; Tunisian General Labor Union or UGTT [Hassine ABASSI]


International organization participation:
ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AMF, AMU, AU, BSEC (observer), CD, EBRD, FAO, G-11, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAS, MIGA, MONUSCO, NAM, OAPEC, OAS (observer), OIC, OIF, OPCW, OSCE (partner), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO


Diplomatic representation in the US:
chief of mission:Ambassador Mhamed Ezzine CHELAIFA (since 10 March 2014)
chancery:1515 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20005
telephone:[1] (202) 862-1850
FAX:[1] (202) 862-1858


Diplomatic representation from the US:
chief of mission:Ambassador Jake WALLES (since 24 July 2012)
embassy:Zone Nord-Est des Berges du Lac Nord de Tunis 1053
mailing address:use embassy street address
telephone:[216] 71 107-000
FAX:[216] 71 963-263


Flag description:
red with a white disk in the center bearing a red crescent nearly encircling a red five-pointed star; resembles the Ottoman flag (red banner with white crescent and star) and recalls Tunisia's history as part of the Ottoman Empire; red represents the blood shed by martyrs in the struggle against oppression, white stands for peace; the crescent and star are traditional symbols of Islam


National symbol(s):
encircled red star and crescent


National anthem:
name:'Humat Al Hima' (Defenders of the Homeland)

lyrics/music:Mustafa Sadik AL-RAFII and Aboul-Qacem ECHEBBI/Mohamad Abdel WAHAB
note:adopted 1957, replaced 1958, restored 1987; Mohamad Abdel WAHAB also composed the music for the anthem of the United Arab Emirates


Economy


Economy - overview:
Tunisia's diverse, market-oriented economy has long been cited as a success story in Africa and the Middle East, but it faces an array of challenges during the country's ongoing political transition. Following an ill-fated experiment with socialist economic policies in the 1960s, Tunisia embarked on a successful strategy focused on bolstering exports, foreign investment, and tourism, all of which have become central to the country's economy. Key exports now include textiles and apparel, food products, petroleum products, chemicals, and phosphates, with about 80% of exports bound for Tunisia's main economic partner, the European Union. Tunisia's liberal strategy, coupled with investments in education and infrastructure, fueled decades of 4-5% annual GDP growth and improving living standards. Former President (1987-2011) Zine el Abidine BEN ALI continued these policies, but as his reign wore on cronyism and corruption stymied economic performance and unemployment rose among the country's growing ranks of university graduates. These grievances contributed to the January 2011 overthrow of BEN ALI, sending Tunisia's economy into a tailspin as tourism and investment declined sharply. During 2012 and 2013, the Tunisian Government’s focus on the political transition led to a neglect of the economy that resulted in several downgrades of Tunisia’s credit rating. As the economy recovers, Tunisia's government faces challenges reassuring businesses and investors, bringing budget and current account deficits under control, shoring up the country's financial system, bringing down high unemployment, and reducing economic disparities between the more developed coastal region and the impoverished interior.


GDP (purchasing power parity):
$108.4 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 72
$105.4 billion (2012 est.)
$101.8 billion (2011 est.)
note:data are in 2013 US dollars


GDP (official exchange rate):
$48.38 billion (2013 est.)


GDP - real growth rate:
2.8% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 124
3.6% (2012 est.)
-1.9% (2011 est.)


GDP - per capita (PPP):
$9,900 (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 119
$9,800 (2012 est.)
$9,500 (2011 est.)
note:data are in 2013 US dollars


Gross national saving:
26.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 43
25.4% of GDP (2012 est.)
24.1% of GDP (2011 est.)


GDP - composition, by end use:
household consumption:66.5%
government consumption:18.4%
investment in fixed capital:22.6%
investment in inventories:3.5%
exports of goods and services:49.2%
imports of goods and services:-60.1%
(2013 est.)


GDP - composition, by sector of origin:
agriculture:8.6%
industry:30.4%
services:61% (2013 est.)


Agriculture - products:
olives, olive oil, grain, tomatoes, citrus fruit, sugar beets, dates, almonds; beef, dairy products


Industries:
petroleum, mining (particularly phosphate, iron ore), tourism, textiles, footwear, agribusiness, beverages


Industrial production growth rate:
3% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 104

Labor force:
3.974 million (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 91


Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture:18.3%
industry:31.9%
services:49.8% (2009 est.)


Unemployment rate:
17.2% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 151
17.4% (2012 est.)


Population below poverty line:
3.8% (2005 est.)


Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%:2.3%
highest 10%:31.5% (2000)


    Distribution of family income - Gini index:
40 (2005 est.)
country comparison to the world: 59
41.7 (1995 est.)


Budget:
revenues:$12.16 billion
expenditures:$15.8 billion (2013 est.)


Taxes and other revenues:
25.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 128

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):
-7.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 188


Public debt:
51.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 64
46.1% of GDP (2012 est.)


Fiscal year:
calendar year


Inflation rate (consumer prices):
6.1% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 176
5.6% (2012 est.)


Central bank discount rate:
5.75% (31 December 2010 est.)


Commercial bank prime lending rate:
7.31% (31 December 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 126
6.76% (31 December 2011 est.)


Stock of narrow money:
$13.08 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 71
$13.44 billion (31 December 2012 est.)


Stock of broad money:
$29.8 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 74
$30.72 billion (31 December 2012 est.)


Stock of domestic credit:
$35.59 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 67
$36.09 billion (31 December 2012 est.)


Market value of publicly traded shares:
$8.887 billion (31 December 2012 est.)


Current account balance:
-$4.556 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 165
-$3.773 billion (2012 est.)


Exports:
$17.46 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 74
$17.07 billion (2012 est.)


Exports - commodities:
clothing, semi-finished goods and textiles, agricultural products, mechanical goods, phosphates and chemicals, hydrocarbons, electrical equipment


Exports - partners:
France 26.2%, Italy 16%, Germany 9.4%, Libya 7.6%, US 4.3% (2012)


Imports:
$24.95 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 73
$23.1 billion (2012 est.)


Imports - commodities:
textiles, machinery and equipment, hydrocarbons, chemicals, foodstuffs


Imports - partners:
France 19.8%, Italy 16.7%, Germany 7.3%, China 6%, Spain 5.3%, Algeria 4.4% (2012)


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$8.113 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 78
$8.36 billion (31 December 2012 est.)


Debt - external:
$26.95 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 75
$24.6 billion (31 December 2012 est.)


Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:
$34.64 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 59
$33.4 billion (31 December 2012 est.)


Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:
$295 million (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 82
$285 million (31 December 2012 est.)


Exchange rates:
Tunisian dinars (TND) per US dollar -
1.638 (2013 est.)
1.5619 (2012 est.)
1.4314 (2010 est.)
1.3503 (2009)
1.211 (2008)


Energy


Electricity - production:
15.14 billion kWh (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 81


Electricity - consumption:
13.29 billion kWh (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 82


Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 204


Electricity - imports:
19 million kWh (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 106


Electricity - installed generating capacity:
3.652 million kW (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 83


Electricity - from fossil fuels:
96.8% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 65


Electricity - from nuclear fuels:
0% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 190


Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:
1.7% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 139


Electricity - from other renewable sources:
1.5% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 79


Crude oil - production:
68,310 bbl/day (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 56


Crude oil - exports:
77,980 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 42


Crude oil - imports:
3,680 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 80


    Crude oil - proved reserves:
425 million bbl (1 January 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 52


Refined petroleum products - production:
11,170 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 103


Refined petroleum products - consumption:
88,380 bbl/day (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 82


Refined petroleum products - exports:
3,391 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 96


Refined petroleum products - imports:
80,980 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 56


Natural gas - production:
1.93 billion cu m (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 58


Natural gas - consumption:
3.28 billion cu m (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 69


Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 194


Natural gas - imports:
1.78 billion cu m (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 51


Natural gas - proved reserves:
65.13 billion cu m (1 January 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 60


Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:
20.52 million Mt (2011 est.)



Communications


Telephones - main lines in use:
1.105 million (2012)
country comparison to the world: 71


Telephones - mobile cellular:
12.84 million (2012)
country comparison to the world: 68


Telephone system:
general assessment:above the African average and continuing to be upgraded; key centers are Sfax, Sousse, Bizerte, and Tunis; telephone network is completely digitized; Internet access available throughout the country
domestic:in an effort to jumpstart expansion of the fixed-line network, the government has awarded a concession to build and operate a VSAT network with international connectivity; rural areas are served by wireless local loops; competition between the two mobile-cellular service providers has resulted in lower activation and usage charges and a strong surge in subscribership; a third mobile, fixed, and ISP operator was licensed in 2009 and began offering services in 2010; expansion of mobile-cellular services to include multimedia messaging and e-mail and Internet to mobile phone services also leading to a surge in subscribership; overall fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity has reached about 125 telephones per 100 persons
international:country code - 216; a landing point for the SEA-ME-WE-4 submarine cable system that provides links to Europe, Middle East, and Asia; satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) and 1 Arabsat; coaxial cable and microwave radio relay to Algeria and Libya; participant in Medarabtel; 2 international gateway digital switches (2011)



    Broadcast media:
broadcast media is mainly government-controlled; the state-run Tunisian Radio and Television Establishment (ERTT) operates 2 national TV networks, several national radio networks, and a number of regional radio stations; 1 TV and 3 radio stations are privately owned and report domestic news stories directly from the official Tunisian news agency; the state retains control of broadcast facilities and transmitters through L'Office National de la Telediffusion; Tunisians also have access to Egyptian, pan-Arab, and European satellite TV channels (2007)


Internet country code:
.tn


Internet hosts:
576 (2012)
country comparison to the world: 180


Internet users:
3.5 million (2009)
country comparison to the world: 60



Transportation


Airports
29 (2013)
country comparison to the world: 118


Airports - with paved runways
total:15
over 3,047 m:4
2,438 to 3,047 m:6
1,524 to 2,437 m:2
914 to 1,523 m:3 (2013)


Airports - with unpaved runways
total:14
1,524 to 2,437 m:1
914 to 1,523 m:5
under 914 m:
8 (2013)


Pipelines
condensate 68 km; gas 3,111 km; oil 1,381 km; refined products 453 km (2013)


Railways
total:2,165 km (1,991 in use)country comparison to the world: 69
standard gauge:471 km 1.435-m gauge
narrow gauge:1,694 km 1.000-m gauge (65 km electrified) (2011)


    Roadways
total:19,418 kmcountry comparison to the world: 112
paved:14,756 km (includes 357 km of expressways)
unpaved:4,662 km (2010)


Merchant marine
total:9country comparison to the world: 116
by type:bulk carrier 1, cargo 2, passenger/cargo 4, roll on/roll off 2 (2010)



Ports and terminals
major seaport(s):Bizerte, Gabes, Rades, Sfax, Skhira


Military


Military branches
Tunisian Armed Forces (Forces Armees Tunisiens, FAT): Tunisian Army (includes Tunisian Air Defense Force), Tunisian Navy, Republic of Tunisia Air Force (Al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Jamahiriyah At'Tunisia) (2012)


Military service age and obligation
20-23 years of age for compulsory service, one year service obligation; 18-23 years of age for voluntary service; Tunisian nationality required (2012)


Manpower available for military service
males age 16-49:2,846,572
females age 16-49:2,952,180 (2010 est.)


Manpower fit for military service
males age 16-49:2,397,716
females age 16-49:2,484,097 (2010 est.)


    Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
male:90,436
female:87,346 (2010 est.)


Military expenditures
1.55% of GDP (2012)
country comparison to the world: 58
1.34% of GDP (2011)
1.55% of GDP (2010)


Transnational Issues


Disputes - international
none


    Trafficking in persons


Information provided by CIA - The World Fact Book



Doing Business in Tunisia 2017


           
 

 
Tunisia

  Ease of Doing Business Rank
Overall DTF
77
64.89
 
 
Starting a Business (rank)
103
 
 
Protecting Minority Investors (rank)
118
 
  DTF
85.01
 
  DTF
46.67
 
  Procedures - Men (number)
9.0
 
  Strength of minority investor protection index (0-10)
4.7
 
  Time - Men (number)
11.0
 
  Extent of conflict of interest regulation index (0-10)
5.3
 
  Cost - Men (days)
4.7
 
  Extent of disclosure index (0-10)
4.0
 
  Procedures - Women (days)
9.0
 
  Extent of director liability index (0-10)
7.0
 
  Time - Women (% of income per capita)
11.0
 
  Ease of shareholder suits index (0-10)
5.0
 
  Cost - Women (% of income per capita)
4.7
 
  Extent of shareholder governance index (0-10)
4.0
 
  Paid-in min. capital (% of income per capita)
0.0
 
  Extent of shareholder rights index (0-10)
3.0
 
 

 
  Extent of ownership and control index (0-10)
3.0
 
  Dealing with Construction Permits (rank)
59
 
  Extent of corporate transparency index (0-10)
6.0
 
  DTF
73.34
 
 

 
  Procedures (number)
17.0
 
  Paying Taxes (rank)
106
 
  Time (days)
93.0
 
  DTF
68.96
 
  Cost (% of warehouse value)
2.5
 
  Payments (number per year)
8.0
 
  Building Quality Control Index(0-15)
11.0
 
  Time (hours per year)
144.0
 
  Quality of building regulations index (0-2)
1.0
 
  Total tax rate (% of profit)
60.2
 
  Quality control before construction index (0-1)
1.0
 
  Profit tax (% of profit)
13.1
 
  Quality control during construction index (0-3)
2.0
 
  Labor tax and contributions (% of profit)
25.3
 
  Quality control after construction index (0-3)
3.0
 
  Other taxes (% of profit)
21.9
 
  Liability and insurance regimes index (0-2)
2.0
 
  Postfiling index (0-100)
49.8
 
  Professional certifications index (0-4)
2.0
 
 
 
 
   
 
 
  Trading Across Borders (rank)
92
 
  Getting Electricity (rank)
40
 
  DTF
70.50
 
  DTF
82.32
 
  Time to export: Border compliance (hours)
50
 
  Procedures (number)
4.0
 
  Cost to export: Border compliance (USD)
469
 
  Time (days)
65.0
 
  Time to export: Documentary compliance (hours)
3
 
  Cost (% of income per capita)
696.6
 
  Cost to export: Documentary compliance (hours) (USD)
200
 
  Reliability of supply and transparency of tariff index (0-8)
6.0
 
  Time to import: Border compliance (hours)
80
 
  Total duration and frequency of outages per customer a year (0-3)
2.0
 
  Cost to import: Border compliance (USD)
596
 
  Mechanisms for monitoring outages (0-1)
1.0
 
  Time to import: Documentary compliance (hours)
27
 
  Mechanisms for restoring service (0-1)
1.0
 
  Cost to import: Documentary compliance (USD)
144
 
  Regulatory monitoring (0-1)
1.0
 
   
 
 
  Financial deterrents aimed at limiting outages (0-1)
0.0
 
  Enforcing Contracts (rank)
76
 
  Communication of tariffs and tariff changes (0-1)
1.0
 
  DTF
59.33
 
  Price of electricity (US cents per kWh)
9.6
 
  Time (days)
565.0
 
   
 
 
  Cost (% of claim)
21.8
 
  Registering Property (rank)
92
 
  Quality of judicial processes index (0-18)
7.0
 
  DTF
63.22
 
   
 
 
  Procedures (number)
4.0
 
  Resolving Insolvency (rank)
58
 
  Time (days)
39.0
 
  DTF
54.53
 
  Cost (% of property value)
6.1
 
  Recovery rate (cents on the dollar)
52.0
 
  Quality of the land administration index (0-30)
11.0
 
  Time (years)
1.3
 
  Reliability of infrastructure index (0-8)
4.0
 
  Cost (% of estate)
7.0
 
  Transparency of information index (0-6)
3.5
 
  Outcome (0 as piecemeal sale and 1 as going concern)
0
 
  Geographic coverage index (0-8)
0.0
 
  Strength of insolvency framework index (0-16)
8.5
 
  Land dispute resolution index (0-8)
3.5
 
  Commencement of proceedings index (0-3)
2.0
 
  Equal access to property rights index (-2-0)
0.0
 
  Management of debtor's assets index (0-6)
5.5
 
 
 
 
  Reorganization proceedings index (0-3)
0.0
 
  Getting Credit (rank)
101
 
  Creditor participation index (0-4)
1.0
 
  DTF
45.00
 
   
 
 
  Strength of legal rights index (0-12)
3.0
 
   
 
 
  Depth of credit information index (0-8)
6.0
 
 
 
 
  Credit registry coverage (% of adults)
27.5
 
   
 
 
  Credit bureau coverage (% of adults)
0.0
 
 
 
 
 

 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 



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