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Ghana Business Guide


Geography


Location:
Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo


Geographic coordinates:
8 00 N, 2 00 W


Map references:
Africa


Area:
total:238,533 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 82
land:227,533 sq km
water:11,000 sq km


Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Oregon


Land boundaries:
total:2,420 km
border countries:Burkina Faso 602 km, Cote d'Ivoire 720 km, Togo 1,098 km


Coastline:
539 km


Maritime claims:
territorial sea:12 nm
contiguous zone:24 nm
exclusive economic zone:200 nm
continental shelf:200 nm


Climate:
tropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north


Terrain:
mostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area


Elevation extremes:
lowest point:Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point:Mount Afadjato 885 m


    Natural resources:
gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt, limestone


Land use:
arable land:20.12%
permanent crops:11.74%
other:68.14% (2011)


Irrigated land:
309 sq km (2003)


Total renewable water resources:
53.2 cu km (2011)


Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
53.2 cu km (2011)

Natural hazards:
dry, dusty, northeastern harmattan winds from January to March; droughts


Environment - current issues:
recurrent drought in north severely affects agricultural activities; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; poaching and habitat destruction threatens wildlife populations; water pollution; inadequate supplies of potable water


Environment - international agreements:
party to:Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified:Marine Life Conservation


Geography - note:
Lake Volta is the world's largest artificial lake by surface area (8,482 sq km; 3,275 sq mi)



People and Society


Nationality:
noun: Ghanaian(s)
adjective:Ghanaian


Ethnic groups:
Akan 47.5%, Mole-Dagbon 16.6%, Ewe 13.9%, Ga-Dangme 7.4%, Gurma 5.7%, Guan 3.7%, Grusi 2.5%, Mande-Busanga 1.1%, other 1.6% (2010 census)


Languages:
Asante 14.8%, Ewe 12.7%, Fante 9.9%, Boron (Brong) 4.6%, Dagomba 4.3%, Dangme 4.3%, Dagarte (Dagaba) 3.7%, Akyem 3.4%, Ga 3.4%, Akuapem 2.9%, other (includes English (official)) 36.1% (2000 census)


Religions:
Christian 71.2% (Pentecostal/Charismatic 28.3%, Protestant 18.4%, Catholic 13.1%, other 11.4%), Muslim 17.6%, traditional 5.2%, other 0.8%, none 5.2% (2010 census)


Population:
25,758,108country comparison to the world: 49
note:estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)



Age structure:
0-14 years:38.6% (male 4,988,823/female 4,943,451)
15-24 years:18.7% (male 2,403,526/female 2,426,076)
25-54 years:33.8% (male 4,228,326/female 4,480,090)
55-64 years:4.8% (male 599,510/female 633,688)
65 years and over:4.1% (male 489,566/female 565,052) (2014 est.)


Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio:71.6 %
youth dependency ratio:65.6 %
elderly dependency ratio:5.9 %
potential support ratio:16.8 (2014 est.)


Median age:
total:20.8 years
male:20.4 years
female:21.3 years (2014 est.)


Population growth rate:
2.19% (2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 44


Birth rate:
31.4 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 38


Death rate:
7.37 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 117


Net migration rate:
-2.13 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 169


Urbanization:
urban population:51.9% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization:3.5% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)


Major urban areas - population:
ACCRA (capital) 2.573 million; Kumasi 2.019 million (2011)


Sex ratio:
at birth:1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years:1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years:0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years:0.94 male(s)/female
55-64 years:0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over:0.88 male(s)/female
total population:0.98 male(s)/female (2014 est.)


Mother's mean age at first birth:
21.8


Maternal mortality rate:
350 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)


Infant mortality rate:
total:38.52 deaths/1,000 live birthscountry comparison to the world: 58
male:42.58 deaths/1,000 live births
female:34.34 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)


    Life expectancy at birth:
total population:65.75 yearscountry comparison to the world: 172
male:63.38 years
female:68.19 years (2014 est.)


Total fertility rate:
4.09 children born/woman (2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 37


Contraceptive prevalence rate:
23.5% (2008)


Health expenditures:
4.8% of GDP (2011)


Physicians density:
0.09 physicians/1,000 population (2009)


Hospital bed density:
0.9 beds/1,000 population (2011)


Drinking water source:
improved:
urban: 92.5% of population
rural: 81.3% of population
total: 87.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7.5% of population
rural: 18.7% of population
total: 12.8% of population (2012 est.)


Sanitation facility access:
improved:
urban: 19.9% of population
rural: 8.4% of population
total: 14.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 80.1% of population
rural: 91.6% of population
total: 85.6% of population (2012 est.)


HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
1.4% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 33


HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
235,800 (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 25


HIV/AIDS - deaths:
11,600 (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 27


Major infectious diseases:


Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
7.5% (2008)country comparison to the world: 140


Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
14.3% (2008)country comparison to the world: 53


Education expenditures:
8.1% of GDP (2011)country comparison to the world: 13

Literacy:
definition:age 15 and over can read and write
total population:71.5%
male:78.3%
female:65.3% (2010 est.)


School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total:12 years
male:12 years
female:11 years (2012)


Child labor - children ages 5-14:



Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:
total:16.6%country comparison to the world: 78
male:16.4%
female:16.7% (2000)


Government


Country name:
conventional long form: Republic of Ghana
conventional short form:Ghana
former:Gold Coast


Government type:
constitutional democracy


Capital:
name:Accra
geographic coordinates:5 33 N, 0 13 W
time difference:UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)


Administrative divisions:
10 regions; Ashanti, Brong-Ahafo, Central, Eastern, Greater Accra, Northern, Upper East, Upper West, Volta, Western


Independence:
6 March 1957 (from the UK)


National holiday:
Independence Day, 6 March (1957)


Constitution:
several previous; latest drafted 31 March 1992, approved and promulgated 28 April 1992, entered into force 7 January 1993; amended 1996 (2012)


Legal system:
mixed system of English common law and customary law


International law organization participation:
has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction


Suffrage:
18 years of age; universal


Executive branch:
chief of state:President John Dramani MAHAMA (since 24 July 2012); Vice President Kwesi Bekoe AMISSAH-ARTHUR (since 6 August 2012); note - President MAHAMA assumed office due to the death of former president John Atta MILLS and subsequently won the December 2012 presidential election; the president is both the chief of state and head of government
head of government:President John Dramani MAHAMA (since 24 July 2012); Vice President Kwesi Bekoe AMISSAH-ARTHUR (since 6 August 2012);
cabinet:Council of Ministers; president nominates members subject to approval by Parliament
elections:president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms (eligible for a second term); election last held on 7 December 2012, extended to 8 December because of technical difficulties (next to be held in December 2016)
election results:John Dramani MAHAMA elected president; percent of vote - John Dramani MAHAMA 50.7%, Nana Addo Dankwa AKUFO-ADDO 47.7%, other 1.6%


Legislative branch:
unicameral Parliament (275 seats; members elected by direct, popular vote in single-seat constituencies to serve four-year terms)
elections:last held on 7 and 8 December 2012 (next to be held in December 2016)
election results:percent of vote by party - NPP 47.5%, NDC 46.4%, PNC 0.6%, independent 2.5%, other 3.0%; seats by party - NDC 151, NPP 120, PNC 1, independent 3


Judicial branch:
highest court(s):Supreme Court (consists of a chief justice and 12 justices)
judge selection and term of office:chief justice appointed by the president in consultation with the Council of State (a small advisory body of prominent citizens) and with the approval of Parliament; other justices appointed by the president upon the advice of the Judicial Council (an 18-member independent body of judicial, military and police officials, and presidential nominees) and on the advice of the Council of State; justices can retire at age 60, with compulsory retirement at age 70
subordinate courts:Court of Appeal; High Court; Circuit Court; District Court; regional tribunals


    Political parties and leaders:
Convention People's Party or CPP [Samia NKRUMAH]
National Democratic Congress or NDC [John Dramani MAHAMA]
New Patriotic Party or NPP [Paul AFOKO]
People's National Convention or PNC [Alhaji Amed RAMADAN]
note - listed are four of the more popular political parties as of December 2012; there are more than 20 registered parties


Political pressure groups and leaders:
Christian Aid (water rights)


International organization participation:
ACP, AfDB, AU, C, ECOWAS, EITI (compliant country), FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINURSO, MINUSMA, MONUSCO, NAM, OAS (observer), OIF, OPCW, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNISFA, UNMIL, UNMISS, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO


Diplomatic representation in the US:
chief of mission:Ambassador (vacant); Amma Adamaa Twum AMOAH, Charge d'Affaires (since 11 February 2014)
chancery:3512 International Drive NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone:[1] (202) 686-4520
FAX:[1] (202) 686-4527
consulate(s) general:New York


Diplomatic representation from the US:
chief of mission:Ambassador Gene A. CRETZ (since 11 September 2012)
embassy:24 Fourth Circular Rd., Cantonments, Accra
mailing address:P. O. Box 194, Accra
telephone:[233] 30-2741-000
FAX:[233] 30-2741-389


Flag description:
three equal horizontal bands of red (top), yellow, and green, with a large black five-pointed star centered in the yellow band; red symbolizes the blood shed for independence, yellow represents the country's mineral wealth, while green stands for its forests and natural wealth; the black star is said to be the lodestar of African freedom


National symbol(s):
black star; golden eagle


National anthem:
name:'God Bless Our Homeland Ghana'

lyrics/music:unknown/Philip GBEHO
note:music adopted 1957, lyrics adopted 1966; the lyrics were changed twice, once when a republic was declared in 1960 and again after a 1966 coup


Economy


Economy - overview:
Ghana's economy has been strengthened by a quarter century of relatively sound management, a competitive business environment, and sustained reductions in poverty levels. In late 2010, Ghana was recategorized as a lower middle-income country. Ghana is well-endowed with natural resources and agriculture accounts for roughly one-quarter of GDP and employs more than half of the workforce, mainly small landholders. The services sector accounts for 50% of GDP. Gold and cocoa production and individual remittances are major sources of foreign exchange. Oil production at Ghana's offshore Jubilee field began in mid-December 2010,and is producing close to target levels. Additional oil projects are being developed and are expected to come on line in a few years. Estimated oil reserves have jumped to almost 700 million barrels and Ghana’s growing oil industry is expected to boost economic growth as the country faces the consequences of two years of loose fiscal policy, high budget and current account deficits, and a depreciating currency. President MAHAMA faces challenges in managing a population that is unhappy with living standards and that perceives they are not reaping the benefits of oil production because of political corruption.


GDP (purchasing power parity):
$90.41 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 78
$83.79 billion (2012 est.)
$77.64 billion (2011 est.)
note:data are in 2013 US dollars


GDP (official exchange rate):
$45.55 billion (2013 est.)


GDP - real growth rate:
7.9% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 13
7.9% (2012 est.)
15% (2011 est.)


GDP - per capita (PPP):
$3,500 (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 173
$3,400 (2012 est.)
$3,200 (2011 est.)
note:data are in 2013 US dollars


Gross national saving:
21.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 76
17.9% of GDP (2012 est.)
17.5% of GDP (2011 est.)


GDP - composition, by end use:
household consumption:64.2%
government consumption:14.2%
investment in fixed capital:31.7%
investment in inventories:0.7%
exports of goods and services:50.2%
imports of goods and services:-61%
(2013 est.)


GDP - composition, by sector of origin:
agriculture:21.5%
industry:28.7%
services:49.8% (2013 est.)


Agriculture - products:
cocoa, rice, cassava (manioc, tapioca), peanuts, corn, shea nuts, bananas; timber


Industries:
mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing, cement, small commercial ship building, petroleum


Industrial production growth rate:
10.5% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 13

Labor force:
12.07 million (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 44


Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture:56%
industry:15%
services:29% (2005 est.)


Unemployment rate:
11% (2000 est.)
country comparison to the world: 116

Population below poverty line:
28.5% (2007 est.)


Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%:2%
highest 10%:32.8% (2006)


    Distribution of family income - Gini index:
39.4 (2005-06)
country comparison to the world: 62
40.7 (1999)


Budget:
revenues:$10.56 billion
expenditures:$14.87 billion (2013 est.)


Taxes and other revenues:
23.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 145

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):
-9.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 203


Public debt:
53.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 60
50% of GDP (2012 est.)


Fiscal year:
calendar year


Inflation rate (consumer prices):
11% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 211
9.2% (2012 est.)


Central bank discount rate:
18% (31 December 2009)
country comparison to the world: 8
17% (31 December 2008)


Commercial bank prime lending rate:
27% (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 13
22.8% (31 December 2012 est.)


Stock of narrow money:
$6.256 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 94
$6.153 billion (31 December 2012 est.)


Stock of broad money:
$12.59 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 97
$12.17 billion (31 December 2012 est.)


Stock of domestic credit:
$13.31 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 90
$12.56 billion (31 December 2012 est.)


Market value of publicly traded shares:
$3.465 billion (31 December 2012 est.)


Current account balance:
-$5.149 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 169
-$4.778 billion (2012 est.)


Exports:
$13.37 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 83
$13.54 billion (2012 est.)


Exports - commodities:
oil, gold, cocoa, timber, tuna, bauxite, aluminum, manganese ore, diamonds, horticultural products


Exports - partners:
France 13.6%, Italy 12.4%, Netherlands 8.9%, China 7.4%, Germany 4.3% (2012)


Imports:
$18.49 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 80
$17.76 billion (2012 est.)


Imports - commodities:
capital equipment, refined petroleum, foodstuffs


Imports - partners:
China 25.6%, Nigeria 11%, US 7%, Netherlands 6.2%, Singapore 4.5%, UK 4.1%, India 4% (2012)


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$6.016 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 87
$5.705 billion (31 December 2012 est.)


Debt - external:
$14.68 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 90
$12.64 billion (31 December 2012 est.)


Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:
$NA


Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:
$NA


Exchange rates:
cedis (GHC) per US dollar -
2.018 (2013 est.)
1.796 (2012 est.)
1.431 (2010 est.)
1.409 (2009)
1.1 (2008)


Energy


Electricity - production:
8.213 billion kWh (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 97


Electricity - consumption:
5.311 billion kWh (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 113


Electricity - exports:
1.036 billion kWh (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 58


Electricity - imports:
106 million kWh (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 93


Electricity - installed generating capacity:
1.985 million kW (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 104


Electricity - from fossil fuels:
40.6% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 169


Electricity - from nuclear fuels:
0% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 94


Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:
59.4% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 33


Electricity - from other renewable sources:
0% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 177


Crude oil - production:
79,630 bbl/day (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 53


Crude oil - exports:
0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 117


Crude oil - imports:
32,060 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 63


    Crude oil - proved reserves:
660 million bbl (1 January 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 45


Refined petroleum products - production:
22,130 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 92


Refined petroleum products - consumption:
61,590 bbl/day (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 92


Refined petroleum products - exports:
9,977 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 85


Refined petroleum products - imports:
37,240 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 81


Natural gas - production:
50 million cu m (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 87


Natural gas - consumption:
120 million cu m (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 105


Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 106


Natural gas - imports:
830 million cu m (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 60


Natural gas - proved reserves:
22.65 billion cu m (1 January 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 75


Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:
9.005 million Mt (2011 est.)



Communications


Telephones - main lines in use:
285,000 (2012)
country comparison to the world: 120


Telephones - mobile cellular:
25.618 million (2012)
country comparison to the world: 42


Telephone system:
general assessment:primarily microwave radio relay; wireless local loop has been installed; outdated and unreliable fixed-line infrastructure heavily concentrated in Accra
domestic:competition among multiple mobile-cellular providers has spurred growth with a subscribership of more than 80 per 100 persons and rising
international:country code - 233; landing point for the SAT-3/WASC, Main One, and GLO-1 fiber-optic submarine cables that provide connectivity to South Africa, Europe, and Asia; satellite earth stations - 4 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean); microwave radio relay link to Panaftel system connects Ghana to its neighbors (2009)



    Broadcast media:
state-owned TV station, 2 state-owned radio networks; several privately owned TV stations and a large number of privately owned radio stations; transmissions of multiple international broadcasters are accessible; several cable and satellite TV subscription services are obtainable (2007)


Internet country code:
.gh


Internet hosts:
59,086 (2012)
country comparison to the world: 93


Internet users:
1.297 million (2009)
country comparison to the world: 93



Transportation


Airports
10 (2013)
country comparison to the world: 156


Airports - with paved runways
total:7
over 3,047 m:1
2,438 to 3,047 m:1
1,524 to 2,437 m:3
914 to 1,523 m:2 (2013)


Airports - with unpaved runways
total:3
914 to 1,523 m:3 (2013)


Pipelines
gas 394 km; oil 20 km; refined products 361 km (2013)


Railways
total:947 kmcountry comparison to the world: 91
narrow gauge:947 km 1.067-m gauge (2008)


    Roadways
total:109,515 kmcountry comparison to the world: 43
paved:13,787 km
unpaved:95,728 km (2009)


Waterways
1,293 km (168 km for launches and lighters on Volta, Ankobra, and Tano rivers; 1,125 km of arterial and feeder waterways on Lake Volta) (2011)
country comparison to the world: 57


Merchant marine
total:4country comparison to the world: 131
by type:petroleum tanker 1, refrigerated cargo 3
foreign-owned:2 (Brazil 1, South Korea 1) (2010)



Ports and terminals
major seaport(s):Takoradi, Tema


Military


Military branches
Ghana Army, Ghana Navy, Ghana Air Force (2012)


Military service age and obligation
18-26 years of age for voluntary military service, with basic education certificate; no conscription; must be HIV/AIDS negative (2012)


Manpower available for military service
males age 16-49:6,268,191
females age 16-49:6,194,339 (2010 est.)


Manpower fit for military service
males age 16-49:4,136,406
females age 16-49:4,220,761 (2010 est.)


    Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
male:267,896
female:260,992 (2010 est.)


Military expenditures
0.27% of GDP (2012)
country comparison to the world: 129
0.25% of GDP (2011)
0.27% of GDP (2010)


Transnational Issues


Disputes - international
disputed maritime border between Ghana and Cote d'Ivoire


Refugees and internally displaced persons
refugees (country of origin):9,567 (Cote d'Ivoire; flight from 2010 post-election fighting); 5,249 (Liberia) (2013)


    Illicit drugs
illicit producer of cannabis for the international drug trade; major transit hub for Southwest and Southeast Asian heroin and, to a lesser extent, South American cocaine destined for Europe and the US; widespread crime and money laundering problem, but the lack of a well-developed financial infrastructure limits the country's utility as a money laundering center; significant domestic cocaine and cannabis use

Information provided by CIA - The World Fact Book



Doing Business in Ghana 2019


           
 

 
Ghana

  Ease of Doing Business Rank
Overall Score
114
59.22
 
 
Starting a Business (rank)
108
 
 
Protecting Minority Investors (rank)
99
 
  Score
84.29
 
  Score
51.67
 
  Procedures - Men (number)
8
 
  Extent of disclosure index (0-10)
7.0
 
  Time - Men (number)
14
 
  Extent of director liability index (0-10)
5.0
 
  Cost - Men (days)
15.5
 
  Ease of shareholder suits index (0-10)
7.0
 
  Procedures - Women (days)
8
 
  Extent of shareholder rights index (0-10)
6.0
 
  Time - Women (% of income per capita)
14
 
  Extent of ownership and control index (0-10)
3.0
 
  Cost - Women (% of income per capita)
15.5
 
  Extent of corporate transparency index (0-10)
3.0
 
  Minimum capital (% of income per capita)
1.4
 
  Extent of conflict of interest regulation index (0-10)
6.3
 
 

 
  Extent of shareholder governance index (0-10)
4.0
 
  Dealing with Construction Permits (rank)
115
 
  Strength of minority investor protection index (0-10)
5
 
  Score
66.16
 
 

 
  Procedures (number)
16
 
  Paying Taxes (rank)
115
 
  Time (days)
170
 
  Score
66.77
 
  Cost (% of warehouse value)
4.6
 
  Payments (number per year)
31
 
  Building Quality Control Index(0-15)
11.0
 
  Time (hours per year)
224
 
  Quality of building regulations index (0-2)
2.0
 
  Total tax rate (% of profit)
32.4
 
  Quality control before construction index (0-1)
1.0
 
  Profit tax (% of profit)
17.7
 
  Quality control during construction index (0-3)
2.0
 
  Labor tax and contributions (% of profit)
14.7
 
  Quality control after construction index (0-3)
2.0
 
  Other taxes (% of profit)
0
 
  Liability and insurance regimes index (0-2)
1.0
 
  Time to comply with VAT refund (hours)
No VATenario
 
  Professional certifications index (0-4)
3.0
 
  Time to obtain VAT refund (weeks)
No VATenario
 
   
 
 
  Time to comply with a corporate income tax correction (hours)
2.5
 
  Getting Electricity (rank)
86
 
  Time to complete a corporate income tax correction (weeks)
0
 
  Score
74.02
 
  Postfiling index (0-100)
49.54
 
  Procedures (number)
4
 
 

 
  Time (days)
78
 
  Trading across borders (rank)
156
 
  Cost (% of income per capita)
906
 
  Score
54.84
 
  Reliability of supply and transparency of tariff index (0-8)
4
 
  Time to export: Documentary compliance (hours)
89
 
  Total duration and frequency of outages per customer a year (0-3)
0
 
  Time to import: Documentary compliance (hours)
36
 
  System average interruption duration index (SAIDI)
77.3
 
  Time to export: Border compliance (hours)
108
 
  System average interruption frequency index (SAIFI)
47.7
 
  Time to import: Border compliance (hours)
80
 
  Minimum outage time (in minutes)
5
 
  Cost to export: Documentary compliance (USD)
155
 
  Mechanisms for monitoring outages (0-1)
1
 
  Cost to import: Documentary compliance
474
 
  Mechanisms for restoring service (0-1)
1
 
  Cost to export: Border compliance (USD)
490
 
  Regulatory monitoring (0-1)
1
 
  Cost to import: Border compliance (USD)
553
 
  Financial deterrents aimed at limiting outages (0-1)
0
 
 

 
  Communication of tariffs and tariff changes (0-1)
1
 
  Enforcing contract (rank)
116
 
  Price of electricity (US cents per kWh)
22.2
 
  Score
54.00
 
 

 
  Time (days)
710
 
  Registering Property (rank)
123
 
  Filing and service (days)
15
 
  Score
55.54
 
  Trial and judgment (days)
365
 
  Procedure (number)
6
 
  Enforcement of judgment (days)
330
 
  Time (days)
47
 
  Cost (% of claim)
23.0
 
  Cost (% of property value)
6.1
 
  Attorney fees (% of claim)
10
 
  Quality of land administration index (0-30)
8.0
 
  Court fees (% of claim)
3
 
  Geographic coverage index (0-8)
8.0
 
  Enforcement fees (% of claim)
10
 
  Reliability of infrastructure index (0-8)
1.0
 
  Quality of the judicial processes index (0-18)
6.5
 
  Transparency of information index (0-6)
3.0
 
  Quality of the judicial administration index (0-18)
6.5
 
  Geographic coverage index (0-8)
0.0
 
  Court structure and proceedings (0-5)
3.0
 
  Land dispute resolution index (0-8)
4.0
 
  Case management (0-6)
1.0
 
  Equal access to property rights index (-2-0)
0.0
 
  Court automation (0-4)
0.0
 
 

 
  Alternative dispute resolution (0-3)
2.5
 
  Getting credit (rank)
73
 
 
 
 
  Score
60.00
 
  Resolving Insolvency (rank)
160
 
  Strength of legal rights index (0-12)
6
 
  Score
24.94
 
  Depth of credit information index (0-8)
6
 
  Outcome (0 as piecemeal sale and 1 as going concern)
0
 
  Credit registry coverage (% of adults)
0
 
  Time (years)
1.9
 
  Credit bureau coverage (% of adults)
22.4
 
  Cost (% of estate)
22.0
 
  Getting Credit total score
12
 
  Recovery rate (cents on the dollar)
23.1
 
 

 
  Strength of insolvency framework index (0-16)
4.0
 
 

 
  Commencement of proceedings index (0-3)
2.0
 
 

 
  Management of debtor's assets index (0-6)
2.0
 
 

 
  Reorganization proceedings index (0-3)
0.0
 
 

 
  Creditor participation index (0-4)
0.0


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