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Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek

 

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"Right to be Forgotten" - Search Engine Operators Must Comply with Requests to Delete Links to Personal Data
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, January 2019

The use of the Internet without the use of search engines, which list links to Internet pages after keywords have been entered, is almost unthinkable. In the context of the search results, however, websites may appear that contain personal data and thus fall within the scope of the GDPR...

Age Limit - Postponing the Termination Date
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, April 2019

Federal Labor Court, ruling of 19 December 2018 - 7 AZR 70/17 The provision of Sec. 41 p. 3 Social Code (SGB) VI allows employers and employees to postpone the termination of the employment relationship upon reaching the regular retirement age of the employee. According to a ruling of the German Federal Labor Court (BAG) of 19 December 2018 (Ref. 7 AZR 70/17), this regulation is compatible with higher-ranking law...

Agreement on The New EU Cybersecurity Act
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, December 2018

I. Introduction According to a Bitkom study from September 2018, German industry has incurred a total loss of 43 billion euros as a result of cyberattacks over the past two years. Seven out of ten industrial companies have been victims of such attacks during this period. At EU level, there has recently been a growing discussion on how to face this mounting danger...

China’s Supreme Court: New Rules on Employment Law
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, March 2013

On 31 January 2013, the Chinese Supreme People’s Court (“SPC”) issued the Fourth Judicial Interpretation on Certain Issues Concerning the Application of Law in Cases Involving Labor Disputes (“SPC-Rules IV”) which came into effect on 1 February 2013. The SPC-Rules IV are based on the current employment laws and regulations and further detail several practice-relevant issues...

CJEU Judgment on the Facebook Like Button - A New Chapter of Joint Controllership
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, August 2019

The Court of Justice of the European Union ("CJEU") published its long-awaited decision on the use of the Facebook Like-Button on July 29, 2019 (Case C-40/17). One major aspect of the judgment is the question to what extent Facebook and website operators who incorporate the Like-Button into their website are joint controllers under European data protection law. As a result, the CJEU affirms this question and takes a firm stand on the conditions for joint controllership...

Clarification of "Joint Controllership" by the CJEU
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, May 2018

Under Art. 26 GDPR, "joint controllers" must find an agreement on the data protection obligations between themselves. If they do not do so, they risk a fine pursuant to Art. 83 (4) GDPR. However, the question of when Joint Controllership applies is still a matter of dispute. REQUIREMENTS FOR A JOINT CONTROLLERSHIP Under Art. 26 (1) GDPR, where two or more Controllers jointly determine the purposes and means of processing, they must be classified as "Joint Controllers"...

Combating White Spots - Expansion of Mobile Networks
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, August 2019

Anyone in Germany who wants to make calls outside the city is sometimes not able to do so due to the numerous "white spots" in the mobile network infrastructure. In most areas of Germany, a comprehensive infrastructure is not guaranteed. An expansion by the telecommunications companies (TC) is also not foreseeable in the next three years. Therefore, many municipalities and administrative districts want to eliminate these "white spots" on their own...

Consent for the Use of Cookies
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, April 2019

Even before the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force, there were discussions as to whether the use of tracking cookies, which make it possible to analyze the usage and browsing behavior of a user on the Internet and use it for interest-based advertising, requires prior consent (opt-in) of the user or whether a dissent solution (opt-out) is sufficient. The German data protection authorities are of the opinion that users must give their consent...

Data Protection and the Works Council
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, September 2018

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) also affects the working relationship between the employer and the works council. Among other things, it affects the use of works agreements as legal basis, the (possible) responsibility of the works council under data protection law, as well as the controlling authority of the company data protection officer over the works council. WORKS AGREEMENT AS INFORMATION PURSUANT TO ART...

Data Protection in the Application Process
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, January 2019

Under its Article 88(1), the GDPR allows Member States to draw up their own rules for the area of employee data protection. Germany has taken advantage of this option with Section 26 of the Federal Data Protection Act (BDSG). The first sentence of Section 26(1) already applies while the decision to establish an employment relationship is made and hence it needs to be taken into account early in the application process...

Data Protection in the Social Field
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, November 2017

  The forthcoming General Data Protection Regulation also results in adaptations with regard to the protection of social data. On May 25, 2018, an amended Code of Social Law will therefore come into effect simultaneously with the General Data Protection Regulation. Above all, the Code of Social Law (SGB) X is affected. Many of the adaptations are editorial changes that have become necessary, but the content has also been amended...

Directive on Transparent and Predictable Working Conditions in the European Union
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, June 2019

(2017/0355 (COD)) On 16 April 2019, the European Parliament adopted a new Directive aimed at ensuring transparent and reliable working conditions for employees in the area of crowdworking. On 13 June 2019, the Council of Ministers also adopted the Directive. In the following the main content of the new Directive...

Does Privacy Shield Safeguard an Adequate Level of Data Protection?
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, March 2016

On February 29, 2016, the European Commission issued a draft of the so-called Adequacy-Decision for the new agreement between the European Union and the USA called EU-US Privacy Shield to facilitate data transfers between the European Union and the USA. It is doubtful whether the Privacy Shield will be a reliable basis for a simplified transfer of personal data...

Draft Bill on IT Security Law 2.0
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, July 2019

There has been intense work on the IT security law 2.0 since the “German doxing case" of late 2018/early 2019 when large volumes of data of German celebrities and politicians were published. This bill will significantly extend the importance and the competences of the Federal Office for Information Security (Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik (“BSI”) in information technology...

Employee's Right of Information and Disclosure of their Recorded Personal Information
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, June 2019

State Labor Court (Landesarbeitsgericht; LAG) Baden-Württemberg dated December 20, 2018 - 17 Sa 11/18 Pursuant to Art. 15(1) GDPR, the employee may request information and a copy of the personal information which the employer has recorded of him/her. A general refusal by the employer to provide information or hand over the information due to justified third-party interests is not sufficient, but must be adequately explained by the employer...

Employers Must Also Draw Attention to Claims for Remaining Vacation Days from Previous Calendar Years
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, June 2019

German State Labor Court (Landesarbeitsgericht; LAG) of Cologne, decision dated April 9, 2019 – 4 Sa 242/18 In their decision dated April 9, 2019 (4 Sa 242/18), the Cologne LAG implemented the requirements of a high-profile decision by the European Court of Justice (ECJ) made in November 2018 according to which a directive-compliant interpretation of Sec...

Enhanced Vacation Entitlement on Grounds of Age Violates the Prohibition of Discrimination of the AGG
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, July 2019

Federal Labor Court (BAG), judgment of Dec. 11, 2018 – 9 AZR 161/18 An enhanced vacation entitlement on grounds of age where employees who have not yet reached the age of 50 are granted at least three days less vacation than older employees violates the prohibition of discrimination of Sec. 7(1) in conjunction with Sec. 1 AGG...

EU Has Agreed on Terms of General Data Protection Regulation
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, March 2016

On 15.12.2015 EU Commission, Council and Parliament agreed on the final terms of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) in their trialogue negotiations. It is generally expected that the draft will be adopted soon, in any event not later than summer 2016. This ends the uncertainty about the content of the new European Data Protection law which will be directly applicable in all Member States two years after the adoption by Commission, Council and Parliament...

EU State Aid Rules and The National Courts: An Opportunity for German Litigators
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, December 2018

These days more and more use is being made of the Treaty rules on State aid. The European Commission is using the State aid rules in an innovative way to take over competence from the Member States in tax regulation by challenging the selectivity of national measures or rulings, which give preferable treatment to certain taxpayers...

European Court of Justice (ECJ): Member States Must Require Employers to Systematically Record Working Hours
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, June 2019

FACTS OF THE CASE Spanish working time law only requires that employers systematically measure their employees’ working hours in case of overtime...

European Whistleblowing Directive will be Effective as of April 2019
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, April 2019

At European and national level, discussions have been going on for years on how best to protect the so-called whistleblowers from being victims of retaliation measures by those whose actions they have uncovered. Whistleblowers are persons who, as "insiders" (such as employees) disclose dubious practices of the institutions they serve. Here we think first and foremost of persons such as Edward Snowden, whose disclosures were directed against state measures...

Event Photography in Times of the General Data Protection Regulation
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, August 2018

Photography by promoters and artists is an integral part of any kind of event. Since the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into effect, the legal requirements for videos and photos depicting people however have to be reassessed. In the past, most member states of the European Union had their own regulations regarding photos that show individual persons...

Exclusion of Fixed-Term Employees from a Remuneration Supplementation Violates EU Law
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, September 2019

The prohibition of discrimination against fixed-term employees has already been the subject of a large number of decisions by both the ECJ and the BAG [German Federal Labor Court]. According to these decisions, fixed-term workers may not receive poorer terms of employment compared to comparable permanent employees simply because of their fixed-term employment status. Rather, such would require substantive justification...

Facebook - Bundeskartellamt [German Federal Cartel Office] Prohibits the Processing of User Data from Third Party Sources
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, February 2019

In its decision from February 7, 2019, the Bundeskartellamt prohibited Facebook from the further processing of user data which it has generated from so-called third party sources. In order to make use of these personal data in future, Facebook will need the consent of the data subject as defined by the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). It remains to be seen whether this will be granted by the majority of users. 1...

First Fines Issued by Supervisory Authorities for Infringements Against the GDPR
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, February 2019

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) provides for a significant increase of the maximum possible fine for legal infringements compared to previous data protection legislation. Fines of up to 20 million euros or 4 percent of the worldwide annual turnover, whichever is higher, can be imposed (Art. 83 para. 5 GDPR). Yet, the first few months after the introduction of the GDPR in May 2018 were uneventful in this regard. That is now changing, however...

 

 

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