KPPU Regulation No. 4 of 2019
The Indonesian competition authority, the Indonesian Commission for the Supervision of Business Competition (the “KPPU”) issued Regulation No.4 of 2019 on the Procedures for the Supervision and Handling of Partnership Cases (“Reg 4/2019”). This regulation replaces No.1 of 2015 on the Procedure for the Supervision of Partnerships, as amended, and Regulation No.1 of 2017 on the Procedures for Handling Partnership Cases, as amended (“Old Regulation”).
Reg 4/2019 is aimed at staying up to date with business needs. It mainly discusses the supervision of partnerships, handling cases and the enforcement of the KPPU’s decisions.
The KPPU’s scope includes the supervision of partnership arrangements between: (i) micro, small and medium scale enterprises and large scale enterprises, and between (ii) micro and small scale enterprises and medium scale enterprises.
Types of partnership include the following:
In principle, under Reg 4/2019: (i) large enterprises may not own (memiliki) or control (menguasai) the micro, small or medium scale enterprises which become their partners; and (ii) medium scale enterprises may not own or control the micro or small scale enterprises which become their partners. The Old Regulation provided further details of the definition of “own or control” above. However, these provisions are no longer included in Reg 4/2019.
Reg 4/2019 provides details of the procedure for the KPPU to handle cases which may arise at the KPPU’s own initiative, or based on a report which can be filed by anyone who becomes aware of a violation of the partnership rules.
In principle, if the investigation is based on a report, within 14 working days of receipt of the report, the KPPU will conduct a “Clarification” to check the completeness of the report. If the KPPU finds that the report is complete, the team assigned to the case will conduct a “Preliminary Investigation” (ie Preliminary Investigation Phase I and Phase II).
A Preliminary Investigation is conducted to gather evidence (and includes summonsing the reported party, witnesses and experts) of the alleged violation, and should be concluded within 60 working days. However, this is extendable.
Reg 4/2019 requires the KPPU to serve warning letters (up to three warning letters) on the reported party if in the Preliminary Investigation, it finds indications of a violation. The warning letters should state the issue which the reported party must remedy and the time limit for it to do so. This shows that Reg 4/2019 provides the reported party an opportunity to remedy the alleged violation.
If the reported party fails to comply with the warnings, the case will proceed to the “Further Investigation” phase, in which the Commission Panel (Majelis Komisi) formed by the KPPU will hold hearings on the case. The hearings in the Further Investigation Phase will continue for up to 30 working days, extendable for a further 30 working days. The ruling of the Commission Panel (“KPPU’s Ruling”) will be issued within 30 working days of the conclusion of the Further Investigation. A KPPU Ruling is considered final.
If the reported party refuse to comply with the KPPU Ruling, the KPPU will forward it to the district court for its enforcement. Under Reg 4/2019, the KPPU may take other measures to guarantee the effectiveness of its ruling, including:
Reg 4/2019 came into force on 17 October 2019.
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