2017 is a year of opportunity and challenge for the Australian food and agribusiness sector. We anticipate an uplift in food and agribusiness M&A activity, and have identified 6 key themes that are likely to play out in the remainder of 2017.
Opportunities and Challenges – 6 key themes
Three Key Opportunities
1. Global demand and population growth: rising incomes of developing nations such as China and India, coupled with evolving diets, is increasingly driving demand for high value, trusted quality foods and more diverse products. in asia alone, with over 1 billion people expected to move out of poverty as average incomes rise, beef consumption is predicted to rise 120%, while dairy consumption will double by 2050. so how can Australia capitalise on these opportunities?
Today, with a national population of less than 25 million people, australian farms produce enough food to feed 80 million people, resulting in plenty of opportunity to export produce overseas. In addition, our Southern Hemisphere location means Australia’s seasons are complementary to Northern Hemisphere countries and can produce and export foods unavailable in those domestic markets in their off-season.
As a result, Australia is perfectly placed as a quality producer and efficient exporter of goods into these emerging nations.
However, in order to take advantage of its reputation as the world’s most reliable supplier of safe premium food and agricultural products, Australia must continue to develop ways in which it can remain competitive on a global stage and create efficient supply chains for its food and agricultural exports.
Growth areas: Australian exports Domestically, the Australian Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Commodities recently published its forecasts for the value of Australian exports, forecasting increased growth for sugar, wheat and canola by up to 23%, 25% and 33% respectively in the next year.
Interestingly, Australian beef exports are forecast to decrease by 17% in the next year but beef exports still constitute the highest in total value of Australian agricultural exports - at around $6.9 billion in exports.
Australia has approximately 3% of the world’s cattle and buffalo inventory (with India, Brazil and China taking the top 3 places), and it produces 4% of the world’s beef supply. Cattle farmers are hopeful that the projections will improve with a new deal agreed this month between Indonesia and Australia to increase the import cattle weight limit into Indonesia from 350 to 450 kilograms. In the dairy sector, exports to China of infant milk formula increased by 42% last year, with butter increasing by 53%.
2. Partnering with foreign and institutional investment: The Australian gGvernment’s farm register, compiled by the Australian Tax Office, shows 13.6% of Australia’s farmland is foreignowned, with UK-based investors holding 27.5 million hectares or almost 53% of that. The United States is the second highest country on the register, followed by the Netherlands with almost 3 million hectares, Singapore with almost 2 million hectares, and China with 1.5 million hectares — or less than 0.5 per cent of total agricultural land across the country. the Philippines, Switzerland, Jersey, Indonesia and Japan round out the top 10 foreign buyers. Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Agriculture and Water Resources, Barnaby Joyce, has said that this register is the first comprehensive data on the actual level of foreign ownership of agricultural land in Australia, and that it confirms common perception that the level of foreign ownership is increasing. In addition, Australian Treasurer Scott Morrison has said that foreign institutional investment is integral to Australia’s economy as it contributes to growth, productivity and creates jobs.
3. AgTech: By 2050, the world’s food suppliers will need to produce 70% more food to feed an increasingly populated world. One way we can continue to unlock productivity growth in Australia is through new technologies, more innovative management solutions and capital investment. Currently, investment in digital technology for agriculture in Australia trails investment in digital technology for all other sectors. last year, it was reported that less than $5 million was invested in Australian Ag-tech deals, while globally the figure was $4 billion (ABC).
However, the Australian Government is supportive of growth and development in this space, with funding of around $250 million per year allocated to rural research and development corporations. In addition, the Australian Government is providing a $190.5 million grant over eight years from 2014 to 2022 for a competitive program to deliver new technology and applied research, with an emphasis on making the results accessible to australia’s primary producers. Ag-tech is an important part of Australian agribusiness’ direction in the future, whether through apps, sensors, GPS tracking devices or drones. These technologies will assist producers to maximise production, export potential and our natural competitive advantages, whilst securing their supply chains.
Three Key Challenges
1. Foreign investment regulation: In recent years, one of the more contentious aspects of doing business in Australia is the Federal Government’s tightening approach to foreign investment approval. The government has lowered the monetary thresholds pertaining to agricultural land and agribusiness acquisitions. The FIRB regime was significantly reformed on 1 December 2015 and the Australian Treasurer has blocked a number of high-profile transactions from proceeding, including the first two attempts to sell the Kidman Cattle farm (the third attempt, to Australian Outback Beef, on which MinterEllison acted, was ultimately successful in obtaining FIRB clearance and completing).
• the time required to engage with FIRB and, particularly, the time required to receive a decision from FIRB;
• the costs and efforts of all parties involved;
• the potential conditionality on any clearance by FIRB; and
• associated political risks.
Any disruption in our food supply chain will cause damage to food security. In Australia, we have a lengthy food supply chain (especially in relation to international, long haul shipments into Australia) and the aim is to shorten the supply chain so there are more direct routes for just in time delivery of food. Further, any damage to Australian food security has the potential to undermine the reputation of those foreign companies and organisations which facilitate the transport and sale of australian food and agricultural products and which provide the supply chain capacity for Australian exporters.
3. Non-tariff barriers: Exporters of Australian food and agricultural producers continue to face numerous market access restrictions in overseas markets. one of the main areas of concern is trade impediments caused by technical specifications, product standards and other administrative rules (non-tariff barriers). the effect of the non-tariff barriers can include lower volumes of trade and/or reduced product returns from higher supply costs or lower market prices.
The effects of non-tariff measures ultimately flow through as lower returns for australian food and agricultural producers. The Australian red meat and dairy export industries have estimated the industry impact of non-tariff barriers at around $1.25 billion and $1.57 billion respectively. There is an increasing push by the Australian food and agriculture sector for the implementation of strategies to reduce non-tariff barriers in order to further enhance the export momentum generated by Australia’s recent Free Trade Agreement.
MinterEllison’s Food and Agribusiness team has extensive experience in this sector and is well placed to assist you in relation to any queries you may have or matters you would like assistance with in this area.