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NLRB Issues New Decision Adopting 3 Part Test for Analyzing Bargaining Unit Scope Disputes
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, September 2019

On Monday, Sept. 9, 2019, the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) issued its decision in The Boeing Company and International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers, adopting a three part test for determining whether a bargaining unit is appropriate under the analysis set forth in PCC Structurals, Inc., 365 NLRB 160 (2017)...

Court Upholds Plan Administrator's Interpretation in Recent ERISA Case
Hanson Bridgett LLP, September 2019

On August 16, 2019, the Ninth Circuit ruled in O'Rourke v. Northern California Electrical Workers Pension Plan, et al. that the board of trustees for an ERISA-covered multiemployer pension plan did not abuse its discretion by broadly interpreting the plan's ambiguous trade-based suspension of benefits provision to preclude a participant’s claim for early retirement benefits...

Top 5 challenges with Employee Share Option Plan (ESOP) Implementation and How to Conquer Them
BoardRoom Limited, September 2019

    Employee Share Option Plans or Employee Stock Ownership Plans (ESOP) are gaining popularity in today’s market. The driving force behind this is a competition for top talent and the need to incentivise and or boost productivity among our workforce, not to mention incentivise and reward staff for staying with your company long term...

Lump Sum Remuneration for Overtime based on a (General) Works Agreement
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, September 2019

In its decision of June 26, 2019 (ref. 5 AZR 452/18), the 5th Senate of the Federal Labor Court (BAG) dealt with the requirements and limitations of overtime lump sum remuneration clauses in works agreements. So far, the decision is only available as a press release. FACTS OF THE CASE The plaintiff is a union secretary at the ver.di trade union. The parties have agreed a weekly working time of 35 hours and "trust-based working hours"...

No Expiry of Unreduced Vacation Entitlements during Parental Leave
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, September 2019

BAG of March 19 2019 - 9 AZR 495/17 The employer may reduce the vacation entitlement of a worker on parental leave by one twelfth for each full calendar month. If he does not exercise his right to reduce or if he can not prove the declaration of reduction, vacation entitlement does not expire during parental leave in accordance with Sec. 7 para. 3 BUrlG [German federal vacation law] at the end of the vacation year or the transfer period (31 March of each year)...

The Works Council has no Entitlement to the Provision of Personnel Turnover Statistics
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, September 2019

LAG Schleswig-Holstein of February 26 2019 - 2 TaBV 14/18 The works council has no entitlement to the Provision or Inspection of Personnel Turnover Statistics or Appendices thereto, if the Employer only uses these for Statistical Purposes and for Internal Controlling. The personnel turnover statistics in this case are not an instrument for personnel planning...

Exclusion of Fixed-Term Employees from a Remuneration Supplementation Violates EU Law
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, September 2019

The prohibition of discrimination against fixed-term employees has already been the subject of a large number of decisions by both the ECJ and the BAG [German Federal Labor Court]. According to these decisions, fixed-term workers may not receive poorer terms of employment compared to comparable permanent employees simply because of their fixed-term employment status. Rather, such would require substantive justification...

Search of a Company Computer by the Employer - Prohibition of Exploitation for Court Submissions?
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, September 2019

The German Federal Labor Court (BAG) ruled by judgment of January 31, 2019 (ref. no. 2 AZR 426/18) that, under certain circumstances, the employer may lawfully review data on an employee's work computer even if there is no suspicion based on factual evidence of a breach of duty. This applies to minor encroachments on personal rights, for example, in the case of actions carried out openly and restricted to files that are not marked as "private"...

Works Council’s Right to Information in Relation to Sensitive Personal Employee Data
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, September 2019

In its decision of 9 April 2019 (ref. no.: 1 ABR 51/17), the German Federal Labor Court (BAG) took position on the right of the works council to request information from the employer according to Section 80 (2) of the German Works Constitution Act (BetrVG) and clarified what data protection restrictions such a request is subject to...

FMLA for School IEP Meetings
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, September 2019

In an opinion letter issued Aug. 8, 2019, the Wage and Hour Division of the United States Department of Labor (DOL) concluded an employee may take leave under the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) to attend meetings to discuss the Individualized Education Plan (IEP) of the employee’s child with a qualifying serious health condition. BACKGROUND The employee has two children with qualifying serious health conditions under FMLA...

Kochhar & Co. - Indian Company Law Update - July-August 2019
Kochhar & Co. Advocates & Legal Consultants, September 2019

MCA UPDATE – JULY 2019 What When Summary 1. Notification of Ministry of Corporate Affairs (“MCA”) with regards to filing / verification of KYC details of the directors 25.07.2019 The Ministry of Corporate Affairs (“MCA”) has notified the Companies (Appointment and Qualification of Directors) Third Amendment Rules, 2019...

Indian Corporate Law and FEMA Update – June - July 2019
Kochhar & Co. Advocates & Legal Consultants, September 2019

What When Summary 1. Online reporting for filing of Annual Return on Foreign Liabilities and Assets (FLA Return) by Indian Companies 28.06...

CalSavers State-Sponsored Retirement Plan Has Officially Launched
Hanson Bridgett LLP, September 2019

As of July 1, 2019, registration officially opened for CalSavers, California's new retirement savings program, formerly known as Secure Choice. CalSavers is a mandatory state-sponsored program for private sector and nonprofit workers whose employers do not offer a retirement plan. Under CalSavers, eligible employers with five or more employees must register with the California State Treasurer’s office as a participating employer in CalSavers...

Cambodia Legal Update: 2020 Foreign Employee Quota Application Window to Open Shortly
DFDL, August 2019

By way of advance notice, please note that the window to apply for the 2020 foreign employee quota will open in September 2019.   Organizations employing or intending to employ foreign employees in 2020 are required to apply for a foreign employee quota from the Ministry of Labour and Vocational Training (“MLVT”)...

CalPERS Announces New Fees for Section 218 Agreements
Hanson Bridgett LLP, August 2019

CalPERS Announces New Administrative Fees for Section 218 Agreements The California Public Employees' Retirement System (CalPERS), the California State Social Security Administrator (SSSA), announced in July that it will begin charging new administrative fees to public agencies for Section 218 Agreements to pay the cost of administering the SSSA program...

Examining the ‘Good Faith’ Requirement of Light-Duty Job Offers
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, August 2019

The “good faith” requirement of a light-duty offer was just examined by the 10th District Court of Appeals and the Ohio Supreme Court with a somewhat surprising result.  Light-duty job offers can be a good way for employers to minimize the payment of temporary total disability compensation and bring injured workers back to the workforce.  However, these job offers must conform to very specific requirements under the Ohio Administrative Code...

NLRB Addresses Several Issues Involving Mandatory Arbitration Agreements Following Supreme Court Opinion in Epic Systems
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, August 2019

On August 14, 2019, the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) issued its Supplemental Decision, Order, and Notice to Show Cause in Cordúa Restaurants, Inc. and Steven Ramirez Rogelio Morales and Shearone Lewis, 368 NLRB No. 43 (2019). The decision resolves several important issues of first impression involving mandatory arbitration agreements following the U.S. Supreme Court’s opinion in Epic Systems Corp. v. Lewis, 84 U.S. __, 138 S.Ct. 1612 (2018)...

New Illinois Anti-Sexual Harassment Legislation Heavily Impacts Employer Procedures
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, August 2019

Illinois Gov. J.B. Pritzker signed comprehensive legislation on Aug. 9 aimed to prevent sexual harassment and discrimination in the workplace. This omnibus legislation, which will go into effect on Jan. 1, 2020, imposes significant new responsibilities on employers. Workplace Transparency Act One of the new laws created in this legislation is the Workplace Transparency Act (WTA)...

Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals Enjoins EEOC Guidance on use of Criminal History in Employment Decisions
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, August 2019

On August 6, 2019, the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals issued a panel opinion in the case of Texas v. EEOC at al., Case No. 18-10638 (5th Cir. August 6, 2019), that looks to significantly impact the way employers may choose to treat employees or applicants with criminal backgrounds. Background In April 2012, the EEOC issued “Enforcement Guidance on the Consideration of Arrest and Conviction Records in Employment Decisions Under Title VII” (Guidance)...

Does Section 187(1)(c) of the LRA Apply to Individual Dismissals?
ENSafrica, August 2019

Section 187(1)(c) of the South African Labour Relations Act, 1995 (“LRA”) has always been controversial because of the interplay between the definition of automatically unfair dismissals, employers’ rights to terminate contracts of employment on the basis of operational requirements and the institution of collective bargaining...

Tread Carefully: Insubordination and Insolence can Easily be Confounded
ENSafrica, August 2019

Unfair dismissal disputes arising from allegations of insubordination have had their fair share of attention from South African arbitrators and the courts. The latest of these decisions is that of the Labour Court in Naicker v Commission for Conciliation Mediation and Arbitration and Others. The employee in this matter, Ms Naicker, was employed by Africa Flight Services (a cargo handler) as a customer service agent...

The Reciprocal Duty of Good Faith Undercuts Derivative Misconduct
ENSafrica, August 2019

  For the first time in employment law jurisprudence, the South African Constitutional Court has considered the nature and scope of the duty of good faith within the context of the contract of employment. This occurred in its recent decision inNUMSA obo Nganezi & Others v Dunlop Mixing and Technical Services (Pty) Ltd & Others. Factual background During August 2012, Dunlop’s employees embarked on a protected strike...

Dismissing an Employee for Dishonesty During a Disciplinary Hearing or Arbitration Proceeding  
ENSafrica, August 2019

  Dishonesty in the workplace can take various forms, including theft of the employer’s property (or that of fellow employees), fraudulent conduct, such as submitting incorrect time sheets, lying to managers and other unethical conduct...

Multinationals are Now Able to Second their Employees to Rwanda
ENSafrica, August 2019

  Rwanda has adopted a ministerial order implementing the law on immigration and emigration, introducing various changes to the Rwandan immigration and emigration landscape. The ministerial order provides for a new type of work/residence permit (the Q1 permit), which allows the secondment of employees of multinationals to their subsidiaries and/or branches in Rwanda without employees being required to enter into employment contracts with a Rwandan company...

New Decision May Deprive Commissioner Discretion to Refuse Legal Representation in CCMA and Bargaining Council Arbitration Proceedings
ENSafrica, August 2019

  A recent landmark decision of the of the South African Metal and Engineering Industries Bargaining Council could see Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration (“CCMA”) commissioners stripped of their discretion in granting legal representation for those involved in unfair dismissal disputes arising from misconduct or incapacity...

Large-scale Retrenchments: Compensation as a Remedy for Procedural Unfairness
ENSafrica, August 2019

  The general requirements for a fair dismissal based on an employer’s operational requirements are found in section 189 of the South African Labour Relations Act, 1995 (“LRA”). However, section 189A provides for specific procedures and remedies, should an employer embark on a large-scale retrenchment. Various consequences flow from the fact that a proposed retrenchment falls within the scope of section 189A...

Legal Practitioners’ Right of Appearance at the CCMA: The CCMA Responds
ENSafrica, August 2019

  Just a few months ago, South African advocates, attorneys and candidate attorneys alike were celebrating therulingof an arbitrator attached to the Dispute Resolution Centre (“DRC”) of the Metal and Engineering Industries Bargaining Council in the matter betweenCoetzee v Autohaus Centurion. In this matter, the applicant employee had applied to be legally represented at an arbitration...

The Importance for an Employer to Exercise Good Faith in Terminating Employment Reaffirmed
ENSafrica, August 2019

  Section 38(2)(a) of the Mauritian Employment Rights Act provides that: “(2) No employer shall terminate a worker’s agreement – (a) for reasons related to the worker’s misconduct, unless – (i)he cannot in good faith take any other course of action…” (our emphasis added) In its judgment in the case ofUnited Docks Limited v De Spéville [2019] UKPC 28(delivered on 10 June 2019), the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council had to c

Can Employees be Dismissed for Refusing to Accept New Terms and Conditions of Employment?
ENSafrica, August 2019

  Can an employer dismiss employees because they refuse to agree to a change to their terms and conditions of employment? An initial answer may be, “yes”. When considering the fine print, however, there is a more difficult potential legal problem to overcome...

Sweeping Changes in the Domestic Sector in South Africa: Inclusion of Domestic Workers under COIDA
ENSafrica, August 2019

  When the tide of democracy and constitutionalism swept through labour legislation in South Africa from the early ‘90s onwards, domestic workers, for the first time, gained access to important labour rights. However, they remained excluded from two important statutes, the Unemployment Insurance Act, 2001 (the “UI Act”) and the Compensation for Occupational Injuries and Diseases Act, 1993 (“COIDA”)...

Employers May Offer Two New Types of Health Reimbursement Arrangements in 2020
Hanson Bridgett LLP, July 2019

Under final rules issued last month, employers can offer two new types of health reimbursement arrangements or HRAs: individual coverage HRAs ("ICHRAs") and excepted benefit HRAs ("EBHRAs"). HRAs are self-funded, account based plans that reimburse employees for qualified medical expenses on a tax-free basis. The final rules apply for plan years beginning on or after January 1, 2020. While the rules are complex, the new ICHRAs and EBHRAs offer new planning opportunities for employers...

Forfeiture of Vacation Entitlements - Part II
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, July 2019

In our newsletter article of March 2019, which was only based on press release No. 9/19 of the BAG [German Federal Labor Court] regarding the judgment of Feb. 19, 2019 - 9 AZR 541/15, we addressed the new case law of the BAG for informing the employer about existing vacation entitlements. In a similar case (also judgment of Feb...

Surviving Dependants’ Pensions – So-Called Late Marriage Clauses May be Discriminating, Depending on their Design
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, July 2019

BAG of Feb. 19, 2019 – 3 AZR 219/18 So-called "late marriage clauses" in surviving dependants' pension commitments may constitute an unjustified age discrimination and can therefore be ineffective, unless a specific cut-off date can be justified on the basis of a specific connecting factor particularly linked to the legal structure principles of company pension schemes. FACTS OF THE CASE A widow filed a complaint with regard to a widow's pension before the labor courts...

Transfer to an In-House "Job Service and Placement" Unit May be Subject to Prior Approval
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, July 2019

BAG, judgment of Apr. 9, 2019 – 1 ABR 30/17 The transfer of an employee after the loss of job to the care of an in-house "Job Service and Placement" unit constitutes a transfer requiring consent within the meaning of Sec. 99 para. 1 BetrVG [German works constitution act]. If the selection procedure is carried out by the parties pursuant to a framework agreement, the instruction in the approval procedure also covers the selection procedure...

Enhanced Vacation Entitlement on Grounds of Age Violates the Prohibition of Discrimination of the AGG
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, July 2019

Federal Labor Court (BAG), judgment of Dec. 11, 2018 – 9 AZR 161/18 An enhanced vacation entitlement on grounds of age where employees who have not yet reached the age of 50 are granted at least three days less vacation than older employees violates the prohibition of discrimination of Sec. 7(1) in conjunction with Sec. 1 AGG...

Insolvency Law Rank of a Severance Payment Claim pursuant to Sec. 9, 10 KSchG
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, July 2019

BAG, judgment of Mar. 14, 2019 – 6 AZR 4/18 A severance payment awarded by dissolution proceedings may either be an insolvency claim or insolvency asset liability. The time the dissolution petition was made is decisive. FACTS OF THE CASE The employer (later insolvency debtor) terminated the employment of the plaintiff before the opening of insolvency proceedings...

Chicago Adopts “Fair Work Week Ordinance”
Dykema, July 2019

Expansive Law Aimed at Predictive Scheduling for Workers, Limiting Employers’ Ability to Unilaterally Change Work Hours On July 24, 2019, the City of Chicago enacted the “Fair Work Week Ordinance,” requiring that many businesses provide workers with up to two-weeks advance notice of their work hours and schedules...

Lawsuit Filed to Stop August 1 Effective Date of San Antonio Paid Sick Leave Ordinance
Dykema, July 2019

UPDATE III: Judge Agrees to Delay San Antonio Paid Sick Leave Ordinance At a hearing this morning, Judge Sol Casseb entered the Agreed Order submitted by attorneys for the City and the businesses that filed suit regarding their agreement to delay the effective date of the PSL ordinance from August 1 to December 1...

Lawsuit Filed to Stop August 1 Effective Date of San Antonio Paid Sick Leave Ordinance
Dykema, July 2019

Effective August 1, employers with more than five employees working in the City of San Antonio must provide to all such employees paid sick leave (“PSL”) of up to 64 hours per year (for employers with more than 15 employees) or 48 hours (for employers with 15 or fewer employees) for a variety of reasons related to themselves or family members; employers with five or fewer employees are not required to comply with the PSL ordinance until August 1, 2021...

Risk for International Data Transfers
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, July 2019

The international transfer of personal data is part of daily business for many companies. They work with international service providers, have affiliates abroad or cooperate with foreign customers and suppliers. The General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”) provides a narrow scope for transferring personal data to non-EU countries. According to art...

DIFC Courts Pierce Veil of Incorporation in Employment/Marital Dispute
Afridi & Angell, July 2019

The DIFC Small Claims Tribunal (SCT), a branch of the DIFC Courts, has in a rare (if not first of its kind) judgement, pierced the corporate veil of a DIFC incorporated company to look into its shareholding and key individuals in the case of AS World Group Holding Ltd. Vs Anna Calkins [DIFC SCT 116/2019]. Overview of dispute AS World Group Holding Ltd (Claimant), filed proceedings against Ms...

Directive on Transparent and Predictable Working Conditions in the European Union
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, June 2019

(2017/0355 (COD)) On 16 April 2019, the European Parliament adopted a new Directive aimed at ensuring transparent and reliable working conditions for employees in the area of crowdworking. On 13 June 2019, the Council of Ministers also adopted the Directive. In the following the main content of the new Directive...

Survivors' Benefits - Minimum Duration of Marriage
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, June 2019

Federal Labor Court (Bundesarbeitsgericht; BAG) dated February 19, 2019 – 3 AZR 150/18 A clause in a preworded pension commitment stipulating a minimum of ten years of marriage as per the date of death as a prerequisite for the disbursement of survivors’ benefits violates German general terms and conditions law and is thus void and invalid...

The New German Skilled Worker Immigration Act (Fachkräfteeinwanderungsgesetz; FEG)
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, June 2019

In order to make Germany more appealing to skilled international workers and meet the increasing demand for skilled workers by way of labor-based migration, the German Parliament (Bundestag) adopted the Skilled Worker Immigration Act (FEG) on June 7, 2019. The Act is expected to become effective in early 2020. The administrative obstacles for non-EU citizens have been rather immense when it comes to being employed in Germany...

Employee's Right of Information and Disclosure of their Recorded Personal Information
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, June 2019

State Labor Court (Landesarbeitsgericht; LAG) Baden-Württemberg dated December 20, 2018 - 17 Sa 11/18 Pursuant to Art. 15(1) GDPR, the employee may request information and a copy of the personal information which the employer has recorded of him/her. A general refusal by the employer to provide information or hand over the information due to justified third-party interests is not sufficient, but must be adequately explained by the employer...

Employers Must Also Draw Attention to Claims for Remaining Vacation Days from Previous Calendar Years
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, June 2019

German State Labor Court (Landesarbeitsgericht; LAG) of Cologne, decision dated April 9, 2019 – 4 Sa 242/18 In their decision dated April 9, 2019 (4 Sa 242/18), the Cologne LAG implemented the requirements of a high-profile decision by the European Court of Justice (ECJ) made in November 2018 according to which a directive-compliant interpretation of Sec...

Orientation Internship Of Up To Three Months Without Minimum Wage May Be Completed During Different Periods
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, June 2019

FACTS OF THE CASE The plaintiff and the defendant, who operates a horse-riding facility, agreed on a three-month internship for career orientation (professional horse farmer; Pferdewirt). The internship started on October 6, 2015. The plaintiff was involved in saddling and cleaning horses, putting them on a belt, feeding them, taking them to the pasture and back, and helping with stable cleaning. During the period from November 3 to 6, 2015, the plaintiff was ill and not fit to work...

The New DIFC Employment Law: Key Changes
Afridi & Angell, June 2019

On 12 June 2019, the Dubai International Financial Centre (the DIFC) announced the enactment of DIFC Law 2 of 2019 (the New DIFC Employment Law) to replace the existing DIFC Law 4 of 2005 (the Old DIFC Employment Law). The New DIFC Employment Law is to come into force on 28 August 2019 and will directly affect almost 24,000 employees based in the DIFC...

New immigration changes in Panama: SEM, Special Regularization Process and Aviation
Morgan & Morgan, June 2019

Executive Decree No. 238 of June 10, 2019 Requirements to apply for permanent residency for executives of Multinational Headquarters offices (“SEM” for its acronym in Spanish) As of June 11th, 2019, the requirements to apply for the Permanent Resident Permit for Executives of SEM companies who i) continue working at a SEM company, and ii) no longer work for a SEM company...

Trade and business secrets law enacted
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, June 2019

It is here. The German Trade and Business Secrets Law (Geschäftsgeheimnisgesetz; GeschGehG) came into effect on April 26, 2019. Companies wishing to ensure protection of their business and trade secrets (such as customer, supplier and staff lists) in the future are required to take and document appropriate non-disclosure measures. This is effective immediately...

 

 

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