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Panama Seeks to Adopt a Framework Law for Public-Private Partnerships
Morgan & Morgan, September 2019

For the past few decades, Panama has established public-private partnerships (“PPPs”) in projects as diverse as toll roads, water treatment plants, ports, telecommunications networks and the generation and distribution of electricity...

NLRB Issues New Decision Adopting 3 Part Test for Analyzing Bargaining Unit Scope Disputes
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, September 2019

On Monday, Sept. 9, 2019, the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) issued its decision in The Boeing Company and International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers, adopting a three part test for determining whether a bargaining unit is appropriate under the analysis set forth in PCC Structurals, Inc., 365 NLRB 160 (2017)...

Recent Increase in IRS Enforcement of ACA Reporting Penalties
Hanson Bridgett LLP, September 2019

Recently, the IRS has intensified enforcement of information reporting compliance under the Affordable Care Act (ACA). Information reporting penalties apply in addition to any penalties assessed for failures to meet the employer shared responsibility provisions, known as the employer mandate...

Cambodia Tax & Real Estate Alert: 2019 Property Tax Deadline – 30 September
DFDL, September 2019

On the 21st of August 2019 Notification dated 21 August 2019 the General Department of Taxation (“GDT“) issued Notification 17517 GDT on the Second Reminder of the Payment of the Property Tax reminding owners of immovable property to file their annual Property Tax declaration before the deadline of 30 September 2019...

Vietnam Tax Update: New Law on Tax Administration – Key Takeaways
DFDL, September 2019

The new Law on Tax Administration No. 38/2019/QH14 (“LTA” or “new Law”) was passed by the National Assembly in June 2019 will become effective from 1 July 2020. New provisions relating to electronic invoices and electronic documents take effect from 1 July 2022. We summarize below some of the salient features of the new Law...

Cambodia Legal Update: New National Fire Safety Systems Code Launched in Cambodia
DFDL, September 2019

The Association of Fire Prevention Enterprises of Cambodia (“AFPE”) in conjunction with the National Quality Inspection Centre for fire Safety Systems (“NICS”) hosted a seminar on 9 September 2019 on the introduction of the National Standard Book on Fire Safety Systems – Building Design Code...

The Hong Kong Protests – Could This Happen in Singapore?
TSMP Law Corporation, September 2019

The two financial centres have long been considered twins, but where do the similarities end and the differences begin? Hong Kong, now entering its 15th week of protests, has been filled with increasingly incendiary rhetoric and escalating violence. This past weekend saw protesters lighting fires at an MTR station entrance, just outside the uber-luxe Bulgari boutique in Central...

Cambodia Tax Update: Tax Treaty with Malaysia Signed
DFDL, September 2019

Cambodia has signed a Double Taxation Agreement (“DTA“) with Malaysia on the 3rd of September 2019 during the visit of Malaysian Prime Minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad to Phnom Penh. Under the DTA, double taxation will be avoided in that any tax paid in Cambodia by Malaysian companies in accordance with the DTA will be allowed as a credit against the tax payable in Malaysia on the same income, subject to the provisions of the tax laws of Malaysia...

The Chargeback of the Salvadoran Consumer Law
Consortium Legal - El Salvador, August 2019

As of August 7th, 2018, the amendments of the Consumer Protection Law (CPL), which includes for the first time, the consumer protection in the field of electronic commerce (e-commerce), taking that as the contracting process or the goods, services and commercial information trading through data communication webs...

The German Federal Ministry of Justice Submits a Proposal for a Corporate Sanctions Act
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, August 2019

The German Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection (BMJV) has submitted its long-awaited proposal for a Corporate Sanctions Act (VerSanG). When corporate crimes are committed, it is making provisions for independently prosecuting the entire organization in addition to prosecuting single perpetrators...

CalPERS Announces New Fees for Section 218 Agreements
Hanson Bridgett LLP, August 2019

CalPERS Announces New Administrative Fees for Section 218 Agreements The California Public Employees' Retirement System (CalPERS), the California State Social Security Administrator (SSSA), announced in July that it will begin charging new administrative fees to public agencies for Section 218 Agreements to pay the cost of administering the SSSA program...

USTR Announces List 4 Tariffs on $300B Imports from China While Continuing to Accept Exclusion Requests for List 3 Tariffs
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, August 2019

The U.S.-China trade dispute escalated yet again as the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) announced a fourth round of tariffs of 10 percent on an estimated $300 billion of goods imported from China not already subject to Section 301 tariffs.  At the same time, the USTR continues to accept List 3 exclusion requests and is working to complete review of List 1 and List 2 exclusion requests. 1. USTR Announces Section 301 Tariffs on $300B of U.S...

Central America: Tax Amendments and Opportunities
Consortium Legal - El Salvador, August 2019

Reform is in the air for Central America’s tax systems. Alfredo Rodríguez, Diego Martín ­Menjívar, Armando Manzanares,Carlos Taboada and Diego Salto Van der Laatof Consortium Legal take a look. Central America’s tax systems have certainly evolved over the past few years. Looking ahead, the need to increase fiscal revenues and the lack of modernised systems will trigger further reforms in most of the countries...

First False Claims Act Settlement Over Flawed Cybersecurity Could Be a Harbinger of the Future
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, August 2019

In what appears to be a first under the False Claims Act, a case based on flawed cybersecurity has been settled, for nearly $9 million. On July 31, 2019, the Attorney General of New York announced that, alongside the U.S. Department of Justice, New York, eighteen other states, and the District of Columbia have reached an $8.6 million settlement with Cisco Systems, Inc. (“Cisco”) over sales of surveillance video software allegedly vulnerable to hacking...

New Timing Requirements for Certain California Eviction Actions Take Effect September 1
Hanson Bridgett LLP, August 2019

On September 1, 2019, AB2342 and its new timing requirements for issuing certain eviction notices and for answering eviction lawsuits go into effect in California. AB2343 amends California Code of Civil Procedure Sections 1161(2) and (3) regarding 3-day notices to pay or quit and 3-day notices based on neglect or failure to perform other conditions or covenants of the lease or agreement...

The IRS is Coming for Your Cryptocurrency
Hanson Bridgett LLP, August 2019

Over the summer of 2019, the IRS significantly increased its efforts to police the taxation of Bitcoin, Ethereum, and other similar cryptocurrencies. On July 26, 2019, the IRS announced that it had begun sending letters to taxpayers who potentially failed to pay cryptocurrency taxes associated with digital currency transactions or failed to properly report those transactions. By the end of August, the IRS anticipates that it will have sent over 10,000 letters to taxpayers...

Bureau of Cannabis Control Publishes New Distributor Fact Sheets
Hanson Bridgett LLP, August 2019

The Bureau of Cannabis Control recently published two new fact sheets on its website as a resource for industry stakeholders, licensees, and the general public. The facts sheet help everyone better understand the different responsibilities of the cannabis distributor (Type 11) and the cannabis distributor transport only (Type 13) licensee by providing a list of required procedures and guidelines for various distribution activities...

Regulations on Accounting Records for Offshore Companies
Morgan & Morgan, August 2019

In order to comply with the international guidelines regarding corporate transparency, the government of Panama enacted Law 52 of October 27, 2016 in the Official Gazette, which establishes the obligation for Panamanian companies and other entities to maintain accounting records, financial records and supporting documentation of all transactions that took place during the last five (5) years, so that their financial status can be easily determined with reasonable accuracy...

Notice on the Recovery of State Aid
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, August 2019

If, in the course of an in-depth assessment, the EU Commission finds that an unlawfully granted aid is incompatible with the internal market, it is obliged under Article 16 of the Procedural Regulation 2015/1589 to order the recovery of the aid by the Member State. On 23 July 2019, the Commission published an updated notice on recovery (2019/C 247/01)...

Public Financing of Infrastructure
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, August 2019

Although under the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, the European Commission has limited power regarding infrastructure policy, which remains a Member state competence, recent rulings of the ECJ regarding ports and airports have allowed it to extend its role in this area by applying the State aid rules to infrastructure financing...

Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals Enjoins EEOC Guidance on use of Criminal History in Employment Decisions
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, August 2019

On August 6, 2019, the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals issued a panel opinion in the case of Texas v. EEOC at al., Case No. 18-10638 (5th Cir. August 6, 2019), that looks to significantly impact the way employers may choose to treat employees or applicants with criminal backgrounds. Background In April 2012, the EEOC issued “Enforcement Guidance on the Consideration of Arrest and Conviction Records in Employment Decisions Under Title VII” (Guidance)...

5 Reasons Why Your Business Needs Accounting Services
BoardRoom Limited, August 2019

Accounting is one of the essential functions your business requires for robust financial management. However, many business owners still opt to handle their accounts in-house. This not only takes up their valuable time but also heightens the risk of compliance issues that could cost their business in the long run. 30% of Singapore start-ups fail within the first three years, and poor financial management is one of the principal causes...

Dividends Tax: Most-Favoured Nation Clause in Double Tax Agreement
ENSafrica, August 2019

  On 12 June2019, the Tax Court of South Africa delivered its judgment inABC(Pty)LtdvC:SARS(case no. 14287). The court was tasked with determining the application and interpretation of South African double taxation agreements (“DTAs”) entered into with the State of Kuwait (the “SA-KW DTA”), the Kingdom of the Netherlands (the “SA-NL Protocol”), and the Kingdom of Sweden (the “SA-SE Protocol”)...

Debt Capitalisations Between Two Controlled Foreign Companies
ENSafrica, August 2019

  The various changes to the so-called debt waiver provisions in section 19 of the South African Income Tax Act, 1962 (the “Act”) and paragraph 12A of the Eighth Schedule to the Act in terms of the Taxation Laws Amendment Acts of 2017 and 2018 have come and gone. It is understood that there is now finality in terms of the debt waiver provisions as contained in the Act, which we discussed in a previous article...

Extended Scope of “Electronic Services”: New VAT Frontier or Pandora’s Box?
ENSafrica, August 2019

On 18 March 2019, South Africa’s National Treasury published revised Electronic Services Regulations, significantly expanding the scope of electronically supplied services that are subject to value-added tax (“VAT”). The publication follows the Minister of Finance’s announcement in the 2017 Budget Review that the regulations defining electronic services would be broadened...

The Interaction Between the Debt Reduction Rules and Other Provisions of the Income Tax Act
ENSafrica, August 2019

Having gone through a number of substitutions and amendments, the debt reduction rules contained in section 19 of the South African Income Tax Act, 1962 (the “Act”) and paragraph 12A of the Eighth Schedule to the Act now provide for the implications arising for a debtor where a debt owed to a creditor is waived, cancelled or capitalised by way of the issue of shares etc...

SARS Publishes Draft Rules for the Administration of the Carbon Tax
ENSafrica, August 2019

  Introduction On 30 April 2019, the South African Revenue Service (“SARS”) published draft rules, schedules and forms for the implementation of the carbon tax and provided details on the envisaged carbon tax administration, including the registration of clients, licensing of emissions facilities, carbon tax environmental levy accounting and the application of allowances as rebates...

Carbon Tax Becomes Law on 1 June 2019
ENSafrica, August 2019

  South African President Cyril Ramaphosa has signed into law the Carbon Tax Act, 2019, which comes into effect on 1 June 2019. With the passing of the carbon tax into law, a price on carbon emissions is now a reality for the South African economy.The impact of the legislation, along with complementary measures such as the national greenhouse gas emission reporting regulations, will have a transformative effect on the South African economy...

The QOZ Clock is Ticking
Dykema, August 2019

As the first of several deadlines under the Qualified Opportunity Zone (“QOZ”) program rapidly approaches, investors still on the sidelines are discovering that time is running out on the ability to take advantage of the full suite of tax benefits under the program. December 31, 2019 marks the last day in which investors may roll over capital gains into Qualified Opportunity Funds (“QOF”) and obtain a 15% reduction in the amount of the deferred gain...

Panama: Regulations Applicable to Tax Deductions from School Expenses
Morgan & Morgan, July 2019

Law 37 of June 5, 2018, adds line 9 to article 709 of the Fiscal Code, which is related to the annual income tax deductions to which natural persons are entitled, regarding school expenses incurred by the taxpayer with respect to their dependents. Additionally, Executive Decree 368 of December 26, 2018 and Resolution No. 201-1635 of May 13, 2019, establish the regulations applicable to the deduction of said expenses...

Ohio Lawmakers Decriminalize Hemp, Hemp Products
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, July 2019

Legislation Aligns State and Federal Laws On July 17, 2019, Ohio lawmakers passed Senate Bill (S.B.) No. 57, which decriminalizes hemp and creates licensure programs for those wanting to cultivate or process hemp and hemp byproducts.  Ohio was one of the few states that did not update its statutes to align with federal regulations following the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill, which removed hemp as a controlled substance at the federal level...

Now that Many States Have Legalized Hemp and/or Marijuana, How You Can Comply with Labeling and Packaging Requirements?
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, July 2019

For nearly the last 20 years, states have been legalizing hemp growth, production, and products.[1]  While hemp remained illegal federally and was included in the definition of marijuana under the Controlled Substance Act, numerous states began exploring the validity of hemp as a viable product.  Marijuana legislation was not far behind...

Illinois Municipalities Begin Debate on Recreational Cannabis Businesses
Dykema, July 2019

With the State of Illinois’ recent legalization of recreational cannabis, municipalities have started to debate whether to “opt in” to allow such businesses. While municipalities cannot prohibit the use of recreational cannabis, they can decide whether recreational cannabis businesses are allowed to operate within their boundaries. Local officials are just starting to consider the pros and cons of recreational cannabis businesses in their communities...

Governor Newsom Signs AB 97 to Extend Provisional Licenses and Add Enforcement and Organic Certification to California Cannabis Market
Hanson Bridgett LLP, July 2019

On July 1, Governor Newsom signed into law AB 97 with the intent to reduce the illicit cannabis market by bringing more people into the legal marketplace and to ensure that persons most harmed by cannabis criminalization be offered assistance to enter into the billion-dollar cannabis industry. Below is a summary of the most important aspects of AB 97...

Two Bites at the Same Apple—Supreme Court Rules Defendants Can Be Prosecuted by Federal and State Governments for the Same Crime
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, July 2019

On June 17, the Supreme Court declined to overturn the Dual Sovereign Doctrine, maintaining individuals may be prosecuted under both federal and state law for the same criminal conduct. The Court’s decision was a loss for Petitioner Terance Martez Gamble, who had been prosecuted twice for illegal possession of a firearm, first in state court and then in federal court. In 2008, Gamble pleaded guilty to felony robbery in the state of Alabama...

Protecting Your Brand and Trademarks in the Cannabis Space Following the 2018 Farm Bill
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, July 2019

As seen on Law360: The 2018 Farm Bill[1] relaxed restrictions covering hemp-based cannabis products, and it is causing a shift in business strategies in the industry. Instead of a full prohibition of trademark registrations covering cannabis goods or services, a narrow range of filings is now permitted, so long as they conform to the requirements of the Farm Bill and the latest USPTO guidelines...

Resolutions of the Hungarian Data Protection Authority Imposing Fines Under the GDPR (21 June 2019)
Szecskay Attorneys at Law, July 2019

Below you will find a brief summary of the resolutions of the data protection authority uploaded on their website up until today imposing a fine under the GDPR. 1. Failure to facilitate the exercise of data subjects' rights The data subject wanted to exercise his access right, right to receive a copy, and his right to restrict processing of camera recordings of him at the reception area of a service provider...

New Economic Substance Regulations in the UAE
Afridi & Angell, July 2019

A previous inBrief dated 30 April 2019 discussed a law recently enacted in the BVI, the Economic Substance (Companies and Limited Partnerships) Act, 2018, which introduced economic substance requirements in the BVI. This article will discuss a similar measure recently promulgated in the UAE...

Kaestner: States Cannot Tax Trusts Based Solely on Residency of Beneficiaries
Dykema, July 2019

The U.S. Supreme Court recently released its opinion inNorth Carolina Department of Revenue v. Kimberley Rice Kaestner 1992 Family Trust, largely vindicating the understanding of most estate planners: A state cannot tax the income of a trust where the only connection to the state is the presence of the trust’s discretionary beneficiary. Facts inKaestner The facts inKaestner, in brief, are as follows...

Time to Take Another Bite of S-chips
TSMP Law Corporation, July 2019

Numerous corporate governance scandals over the past 15 years involving S-chips have tarred these mainland-operating, Singapore-listed companies with the same brush. But do all S-chips deserve their bad reputation?It was meant to be one of the Singapore Exchange’s (SGX) success stories. One of our biggest skincare companies, Best World International saw its profits grow almost 40 fold between 2013 and 2017. It was valued at S$1.8 billion at its peak in February 2019...

5 Accounting Services Your Business Needs In Singapore (And Why)
BoardRoom Limited, June 2019

The accounting/finance function forms the backbone of any firm, SME or MNC. However, there are so many types of accounting services to beaware of that it is worthwhile engaging an accounting professional.They are trained, organised, accurate and competent, giving you more time to focus on your business and reach greater heights. If you are looking to outsource your accounting, there are 5 essential services the firm will need to deliver...

Do You Know What the Capital Gains Rate Will Be in 2026?
Dykema, June 2019

Among the many benefits of investing in a qualified opportunity fund (QOF) is the deferral of tax on current capital gains. Specifically, if an amount equivalent to a current capital gain is invested in a QOF within 180 days of the realization event, the tax generally will not come due until the earlier of the year in which the QOF investment is disposed of or 2026...

New York on Verge of Passing Landmark Data Security Legislation
Lowenstein Sandler LLP, June 2019

What You Need To Know: If signed into law, New York’s SHIELD Act will broaden the definition of protected information to include biometric data, email addresses, and corresponding passwords or security questions and answers. Unauthorized access, and not just unauthorized acquisition, to protected information would trigger breach notification requirements...

NLRB Will No Longer Require Employers to Permit Union Organizers in “Public Space” on Employers’ Property
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, June 2019

Overruling 38 years of precedent, the NLRB has determined employers have no duty to permit union organizers to use “public space” to solicit union support on their property.  UPMC and SEIU, 368 NLRB No. 2 (June 14, 2019).  UPMC is a hospital system based in western Pennsylvania.  SEIU organizers visited the hospital cafeteria and distributed organizing materials to employees over lunch discussing union organizing activity...

Functionality in Trade Dress Protection – ‘So what? It doesn’t matter.’
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, June 2019

While appealing a $4 million verdict on the basis of willful trade dress infringement, a manufacturer admitted to copying the design of a French coffee press. When asked by an appellate judge to confirm that admission, the manufacturer’s attorney confirmed the copying, adding, “So what? It doesn’t matter.” Bodum USA has accused A Top New Casting of infringing its rights in the design of its Chambord coffee press. A jury in the U.S...

Back to the Drawing Board (Somewhat) – D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals Invalidates Workplace Examination Final Rule
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, June 2019

On June 11, 2019, the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit overturned the 2018 version of MSHA’s workplace examination final rule and ordered the agency to implement the text of the 2017 proposed standard. In United Steel, Paper, and Forestry et al. v. Mine Safety and Health Administration et al., No...

Ninth Circuit Rules ERISA Pension Plan Must Pay Survivor Benefits to Registered Domestic Partner
Hanson Bridgett LLP, June 2019

In a short, unpublished opinion, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that an ERISA pension plan administrator should have treated a deceased participant's registered domestic partner as a surviving spouse and granted his claim for survivor benefits...

What to Watch Out For in Case of a Hard Brexit and ZUVIZK
Karanovic & Partners, June 2019

The European Commission consistently emphasises the citizens’ rights and status in its hard Brexit preparations and contingency works. It appealed to EU Member Stats to take a generous approach towards the rights of UK citizens in the EU, given that the UK reciprocates such an approach...

Illinois Tax Amnesty—A Limited Time Opportunity for Significant Benefits
Dykema, June 2019

The Illinois legislature has approved and Governor Pritzker has signed into law significant revisions to the Illinois Tax Delinquency Amnesty Act (35 ILCS 745/10). The new amnesty program is the first in Illinois since 2010 and is an important opportunity for noncompliant taxpayers to resolve both known and previously unknown Illinois tax obligations. The amnesty program will run from October 1, 2019, through November 15, 2019, and is generally open to all taxpayers...

Is Growing and Dispensing Cannabis a Sin?
Dykema, June 2019

In mid-May, Treasury Secretary Mnuchin told the Subcommittee on Financial Services and General Government of the Senate Appropriations Committee that cannabis businesses would not be eligible for Opportunity Zone (“OZ”) tax benefits...

 

 

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