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New EU Directive on Cross-border Online Distribution of Television and Radio Programmes
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, October 2019

Almost at the same time as the much-noticed and controversially discussed Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market (see Update IP No. 12: Agreement on the Reform of the Digital Copyright Law) and barely noticed by the public, another European Directive on copyright law was adopted...

Facebook May be Required to Seek and Erase Illegal Content Worldwide
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, October 2019

The Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) has ruled, upon submission by the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof, OGH), with the decision of 3 October 2019 (Case C-18/18), that hosting providers, in this case Facebook, may be required by a court to seek and erase content which is identical or, under certain circumstances, equivalent to information previously found to be unlawful...

CJEU: Pre-checked consent to the use of cookies is inadmissible
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, October 2019

On October 1, 2019 the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) ruled that pre-ticked boxes do not constitute a valid consent by web users prior to storing cookies on their devices (Verbraucherzentrale Bundesverband e.V. and Planet49 GmbH; Case C-673/17). The decision follows a challenge by the German Federation of the Consumer Organisations against the use of a pre-ticked checkbox which had, by default, consented to cookies on behalf of the user...

Countries Can Order Facebook to Take Down Content and Restrict Worldwide Access
Simonsen Vogt Wiig AS, October 2019

On 3 October 2019, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) published its groundbreaking ruling in case C-18/18 establishing that the EU enables national courts to order information societies such as Facebook to remove defamatory information. This also encompasses equivalent versions of previously declared illegal information. In doing so, the ECJ effectively held that EU law does not preclude injunctions issued by national courts from producing worldwide effects...

Competition Law Implications of Search Engine Advertising and Agreed Negative Listing Between Competitors
Simonsen Vogt Wiig AS, October 2019

There is an ongoing controversy relating to search engine advertising. In particular regarding the legality of purchasing search terms incorporating third-party trademarks. In seeking a reasonable legal standard, this article discusses the latest legal development in trademark, unfair trading practices, marketing, and competition Law...

Presumption of Urgency of Section 12 (2) UWG (Presumably) Not Applicable to Proceedings Under the GeschGehG
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, September 2019

In its decision of 8 August 2019 (Ref.: 29 W 940/19), the Munich Higher Regional Court commented for the first time on the German Act on the Protection of Business Secrets (GeschGehG). In court proceedings in which claims arising from the law which came into force at the end of April 2019 are asserted, urgency should not be presumed pursuant to Section 12 (2) German Law against unfair competition (UWG) (analogously)...

Embedding "Like" Buttons: What are the GDPR Consequences for Website Operators after the Fashion ID Ruling?
ALTIUS/Tiberghien, September 2019

 A website operator who has embedded a Facebook “like” button on its website qualifies as a “joint controller” together with Facebook and so can be held liable for the collection and transmission of data from the operator’s website visitors to Facebook.  Background Fashion ID is a German online clothing retailer. Its website contained the famous Facebook ‘Like’-button...

Back to School with Data
COBALT, September 2019

One of the latest and widely discussed GDPR fines in the amount of approximately EUR 20,000 was imposed in Sweden for face recognition in schools. The municipality tried using the new technology to make monitoring the attendance of schools easier. Nevertheless, it failed to ensure a legal basis and proper impact assessment for such data processing...

Foreign Filing Licenses - Timeline and Strategy
Kochhar & Co. Advocates & Legal Consultants, September 2019

Indian patent law does not permit the filing of patent applications outside the territory of India unless a patent application is filed in India first. The Patent office examines the application to ensure that it does not fall under the defence sector or has any relation to atomic energy...

What's in a Name?
TSMP Law Corporation, September 2019

A rose, said Shakespeare, by any other name would smell as sweet. But while the Bard may know his flowers, he clearly was no expert on branding Apples.   Rodrigo Duterte, the Filipino president, would like to change his country’s moniker “because the Philippines is named after King Phillip”. He appears to be eager to distance his nation from its colonial past, the said monarch being a 16th century ruler of Spain...

The Chargeback of the Salvadoran Consumer Law
Consortium Legal - El Salvador, August 2019

As of August 7th, 2018, the amendments of the Consumer Protection Law (CPL), which includes for the first time, the consumer protection in the field of electronic commerce (e-commerce), taking that as the contracting process or the goods, services and commercial information trading through data communication webs...

The Permissibility of GPS Tracking from a Compliance Perspective
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, August 2019

Strict data protection requirements apply to the use of location tracking systems both in the employment context and in cooperation with other companies. In its partial judgement from March 19, 2019, the Lüneburg Administrative Court ruled in compliance with the provisions of the General Data Protection Regulation and the new Federal Data Protection Act (BDSG) that unrestricted tracking of employee vehicles is impermissible...

First False Claims Act Settlement Over Flawed Cybersecurity Could Be a Harbinger of the Future
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, August 2019

In what appears to be a first under the False Claims Act, a case based on flawed cybersecurity has been settled, for nearly $9 million. On July 31, 2019, the Attorney General of New York announced that, alongside the U.S. Department of Justice, New York, eighteen other states, and the District of Columbia have reached an $8.6 million settlement with Cisco Systems, Inc. (“Cisco”) over sales of surveillance video software allegedly vulnerable to hacking...

The IRS is Coming for Your Cryptocurrency
Hanson Bridgett LLP, August 2019

This summer, the IRS significantly increased its efforts to police the taxation of Bitcoin, Ethereum, and other similar cryptocurrencies. On July 26, 2019, the IRS announced that it had begun sending letters to taxpayers who potentially failed to pay cryptocurrency taxes associated with digital currency transactions or failed to properly report those transactions. By the end of August, the IRS anticipates that it will have sent over 10,000 letters to taxpayers...

CJEU Judgment on the Facebook Like Button - A New Chapter of Joint Controllership
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, August 2019

The Court of Justice of the European Union ("CJEU") published its long-awaited decision on the use of the Facebook Like-Button on July 29, 2019 (Case C-40/17). One major aspect of the judgment is the question to what extent Facebook and website operators who incorporate the Like-Button into their website are joint controllers under European data protection law. As a result, the CJEU affirms this question and takes a firm stand on the conditions for joint controllership...

Proposed New DIFC Data Protection Law
Afridi & Angell, July 2019

The DIFC Authority has proposed the enactment of legislation (the Proposed Law) to replace its current Data Protection Law, DIFC Law 1 of 2007 (as amended) (the Current Law). The Proposed Law is the subject of Consultation Paper 6 of 2019, which is presently posted on the DIFC website for public comments to be provided by 18 August 2019...

Draft Bill on IT Security Law 2.0
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, July 2019

There has been intense work on the IT security law 2.0 since the “German doxing case" of late 2018/early 2019 when large volumes of data of German celebrities and politicians were published. This bill will significantly extend the importance and the competences of the Federal Office for Information Security (Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik (“BSI”) in information technology...

What the Changes to CFIUS Mean for Foreign Investment
Lowenstein Sandler LLP, July 2019

CFIUS is a U.S. federal interagency committee (“Committee”). The Committee reviews and approves foreign direct investment in U.S.-based businesses. Investment is restricted if it impairs national security. Under the new Foreign Investment Risk Review Modernization Act of 2018 (FIRRMA), what the Committee considers to be “national security” has recently changed to include emerging and critical technologies and sensitive personal data...

Resolutions of the Hungarian Data Protection Authority Imposing Fines Under the GDPR (21 June 2019)
Szecskay Attorneys at Law, July 2019

Below you will find a brief summary of the resolutions of the data protection authority uploaded on their website up until today imposing a fine under the GDPR. 1. Failure to facilitate the exercise of data subjects' rights The data subject wanted to exercise his access right, right to receive a copy, and his right to restrict processing of camera recordings of him at the reception area of a service provider...

New UAE Regulatory Policy for the Internet of Things
Afridi & Angell, July 2019

Along with the prediction that the continued growth of the Internet of Things (IoT) will transform our everyday lives and how we do business, we can also anticipate that the increased number of connected devices will bring about additional challenges, including greater security and privacy-related risks...

New York on Verge of Passing Landmark Data Security Legislation
Lowenstein Sandler LLP, June 2019

What You Need To Know: If signed into law, New York’s SHIELD Act will broaden the definition of protected information to include biometric data, email addresses, and corresponding passwords or security questions and answers. Unauthorized access, and not just unauthorized acquisition, to protected information would trigger breach notification requirements...

Federal Communications Bar Association–Verrill Dana: Solving the Digital Divide
Verrill, June 2019

Wireless Technology is the Key to Low-Income and Minority Households’ Access to Broadband Last Friday afternoon, inside a Verrill Dana conference room above the city of Boston, national and northeast telecomm. attorneys and professionals gathered to discuss the progress and remaining needs in achieving affordable access to high speed, broadband internet for all Americans...

Joint Controllers - Supervisory authorities publish first sample agreement
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, June 2019

The topic of “joint controllers” according to Art. 26 GDPR continues to gain momentum. The State Commissioner for Data Protection and Freedom of Information in Baden-Württemberg (LfDI) has now, for the first time, published a sample of an agreement for joint controllers under Art. 26(1) s. 2 GDPR as well as a sample relating to the fulfillment of obligations to inform the data subjects pursuant to Art. 26(2) s. 2 GDPR...

Update regarding video surveillance - only documented purposes justify the means
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, June 2019

There are hardly any companies that do not use video surveillance systems (CCTV). Such systems record areas such as plant and work facilities or entrance areas. Oftentimes, the video images are not only displayed live on a monitor (“camera-to-monitor system”), but are also recorded automatically for a certain period of time...

Op-ed: Blockchain Has the Power to Transform the Patient Experience
Schwabe, Williamson & Wyatt, June 2019

Brenna K. Legaard is a registered patent attorney with Schwabe, Williamson & Wyatt. Legaard wrote the following op-ed on the use of blockchain technology in health care.    When health care professionals and consumers think of blockchain, their minds very likely go to famous cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin. But blockchain technology can be applied to so much more, including to the field of health care...

 

 

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