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Resumption of Mergers and Acquisitions: What May Change After the Crisis
Lavery Lawyers, June 2020

The COVID-19 crisis has significantly slowed economic activity in all respects. The area of corporate mergers and acquisitions is no exception, and the level of activity, which was high before the crisis, has dropped significantly because of it. It is difficult to predict when and at what pace such activity will resume, but we expect that, like many other sectors of the economy, this market will be different from what it was before the crisis...

COVID-19: Support for Agriculture and Agri-Food Businesses in Quebec and Canada
Lavery Lawyers, June 2020

It goes without saying that the economic upheavals caused by the COVID-19 pandemic are posing countless challenges for all companies, whether or not they are pursuing their activities within the limits imposed by the governments of Canada and Quebec. Food producers such as agricultural and food processing businesses, considered by the Quebec government to be essential services, are not exempt from this harsh reality...

Natural Products and Pharmaceutical Innovations: What are the Patent Options?
Lavery Lawyers, May 2020

Natural products play an important role in pharmaceutical innovation. They are active components in many medicines. For example, nearly half of the small molecules used to treat cancer are natural products or directly derived from natural products.1 They are also components of vaccines. The pharmaceutical industry is constantly seeking access to natural products and the traditional knowledge associated with them...

Return to Work After COVID-19: What Plans Should You Make?
Lavery Lawyers, May 2020

As an employer, you are probably preparing for the reopening of the workplace in a pandemic setting and actively planning for your employees’ return to work. To help you in your thought process and preparations, we have prepared a list of items that you should address or consider in order to make the return to work as safe and effective as possible...

E-commerce: Some Laws and Rules You Should Be Aware of
Lavery Lawyers, May 2020

E-commerce can take different forms, but for the purposes of this article, we will refer to e-commerce where the contract of sale or of supply of services is concluded by electronic means...

How to be a Good Franchisor in the COVID-19 Era?
Lavery Lawyers, April 2020

  In recent weeks, and especially in recent days, we have seen the serious repercussions of the spread of COVID-19 on Quebec businesses and SMEs. Government authorities are planning financial assistance measures for businesses, and some chambers of commerce have already announced that new services will soon be offered to businesses to help them deal with the crisis. We are as yet unaware of the details of this assistance and how it will be allocated...

The Coronavirus Guide for Employers: Everyday Measures for the Workplace
Lavery Lawyers, March 2020

  Employers must review their action plan on a daily basis to promote prevention, manage possible or proven contagion among their employees and ensure that business operations continue. Two actions are key: Seeking accurate information from public health officials and governments daily; Taking this information into account when deciding how to meet your obligations to employees while maintaining operations...

Labor Shortage: Answers to Your Questions about Hiring a Foreign Worker
Lavery Lawyers, January 2020

The labor shortage that affects all of Quebec and many other provinces has been a well-known problem for several years. Almost every week brings its share of companies that have to close their doors or limit their activities due to a lack of staff in positions of all kinds. To work within our borders, foreign employees must first obtain the necessary authorizations...

Artificial Intelligence At The Lawyer's Service: Is The Dawn Of The Robot Lawyer Upon Us?
Lavery Lawyers, September 2018

Over the past few months, our Legal Lab on Artificial Intelligence (L3AI) team has tested a number of legal solutions that incorporate AI to a greater or lesser extent. According to the authors Remus and Levy1, most of these tools will have a moderate potential impact on the legal practice. Among the solutions tested by the members of our laboratory, certain functionalities in particular drew our attention...

First Pilot Project On The Use Of Autonomous Vehicles Comes Into Effect
Lavery Lawyers, August 2018

The Autonomous Bus and Minibus Pilot Project 1 (the “Pilot Project”) came into effect in Quebec recently. The project provides guidelines for the regulated driving of the first autonomous vehicles on Quebec’s roads...

Autonomous Cars in Quebec: The Legal Uncertainty is Clarified at Last
Lavery Lawyers, July 2018

With the recent enactment of Bill 165, An Act to amend the Highway Safety Code and other provisions1, the driving of autonomous vehicles in Quebec is finally regulated, although a number of uncertainties remain. Indeed, the driving of autonomous vehicles of automation level 3, such as Tesla’s model X equipped with an improved guidance system, is now permitted in Quebec...

Why Register Your Brands With The Amazon Brand Registry
Lavery Lawyers, July 2018

If you sell your products on Amazon, you can benefit from enrolling your trademarks with the Amazon Brand Registry. The Amazon Registry is a free program accessible to monitor brands on Amazon’s website. This program includes proprietary search tools designed specifically to help online merchants identify trademark infringements on Amazon’s platform. If an infringing product is found, the registered owner can request that Amazon remove the product from its website...

Dr. Robot at Your Service: Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare
Lavery Lawyers, June 2018

Artificial intelligence technologies are extremely promising in healthcare.1 By examining, cross-referencing and comparing a phenomenal amount of data.2 AI lets researchers work more quickly at a lower cost3 and facilitates doctors’ decision-making with regard to diagnosis, treatment and choice of prescription. The integration of AI into the healthcare field can take various forms:4 Management of electronic medical records (e.g...

Increased Risk: The Importance of Questions to Policyholders
Lavery Lawyers, June 2018

Earlier this year, Marcelin Fortier (hereinafter the “applicant”) sued his insurer in a case. The Superior Court rendered a decision1  whereby it reiterates the principles applicable to the notion of increased risk in insurance. The case also insisted on the importance of the questions asked by insurers at the time an insurance contract is purchased.  On 8 January 2015, the applicant’s home was seriously damaged by fire...

Is an Audio Recording on Magnetic Tape a Technological Document?
Lavery Lawyers, June 2018

Despite its coming into force in 2001, the courts have frequently avoided commenting on the application and interpretation of the Act to Establish a Legal Framework for Information Technologies1 (hereafter the “LFIT Act”), preferring instead to rely on the provisions in the Civil Code of Québec2. In the decision of Benisty v. Kloda3, judge Jacques J...

When Artificial Intelligence is Discriminatory
Lavery Lawyers, May 2018

Artificial intelligence has undergone significant developments in the last few years, particularly in respect of what is now known as deep learning.1 This method is the extension of the neural networks which have been used for a few years for machine learning. Deep learning, as any other form of machine learning, requires that the artificial intelligence system be placed before various situations in order to react to situations which are similar to previous experiences...

Artificial Intelligence and Blockchains are Vulnerable to Cyberattacks
Lavery Lawyers, April 2018

Technologies based on blockchains and AI imply a considerable change for our society. Being that the security of data exchanged is vital, companies must begin adopting a long-term approach right now. Many businesses develop services based on blockchains, in particular in the financial services sector. Cryptocurrencies, one example of blockchain use, transform the way in which some monetary transactions are made, far from the oversight of financial institutions and governments...

Civil Liability and Personal Injury: A Harsh Decision for a Winter Sports Centre
Lavery Lawyers, March 2018

The Court of Québec released an interesting judgment recently in a case involving civil liability and personal injury.1 Plaintiff, Ms. Bourgault, went to Village Vacances Valcartier (“VVV”) to take part in a snow rafting activity. During a descent, she was twice thrown toward the rear of the inflatable boat. The violent impacts caused her to break a vertebra. She sued VVV for damages arising out of the incident...

The New Act to Prohibit and Prevent Genetic Discrimination
Lavery Lawyers, July 2017

In recent months, the Senate passed the Act to prohibit and prevent genetic discrimination (Genetic Non-Discrimination Act). This Act also amended the Canada Labour Code and the Canadian Human Rights Act. The new Act aims to regulate the use of genetic tests, namely, tests that analyze the DNA1, RNA2 or chromosomes of a person for predictive or monitoring purposes or for establishing a diagnosis or prognosis, mainly within a contractual framework...

Autonomous Cars Will Shortly be on the Roads in Montreal
Lavery Lawyers, April 2017

Autonomous cars have really taken off in the last few years, particularly due to the interest of both consumers and the businesses who develop and improve them. In this context, on April 5 and 10, 2017, the City of Montréal and the Government of Québec respectively announced significant investments in the electrification and intelligent transportation sector to make the Province of Québec a pioneer of that industry...

Artificial intelligence: Contractual Obligations Beyond The Buzzwords
Lavery Lawyers, March 2017

Can computers learn and reason? If so, what are the limitations of the tasks that they can be given? These questions have been the subject of countless debate as far back as 1937, when Alan Turing published his work on computable numbers1. Many researchers have devoted themselves to developing methods that would allow computers to interact more easily with human beings and integrate processes used to learn from the situations encountered...

Canada-Europe Free Trade Agreement - Imminent Provisional Entry Into Force
Lavery Lawyers, March 2017

On the eve of the provisional entry into force of the Canada-Europe Free Trade Agreement, understanding its implications should be a top priority for any company wishing to expand its activities over the course of the next few years. The vote held at the European Parliament in favour of the ratification of the Agreement makes its entry into force imminent...

Artificial Intelligence and the 2017 Canadian Budget: Is Your Business Ready?
Lavery Lawyers, March 2017

The March 22, 2017 Budget of the Government of Canada, through its "Innovation and Skills Plan" (http://www.budget.gc.ca/2017/docs/plan/budget-2017-en.pdf) mentions that Canadian academic and research leadership in artificial intelligence will be translated into a more innovative economy and increased economic growth...

Federal Budget and Capital Gain: Time for Tax Planning
Lavery Lawyers, March 2017

There is currently speculation in the media that Liberal Finance Minister Bill Morneau's next federal budget will increase the capital gain inclusion rate from 50% to 75%. The combined marginal tax rate on capital gains is currently 26.7% for a resident of Québec. This rate would reach nearly 40% if the budget was to increase the capital gain inclusion rate to 75%. A $1,000,000 capital gain would thus generate approximately $133,000 in additional taxes...

Social Media: When The Court Declares The Evidence Inadmissible
Lavery Lawyers, February 2017

Social media sites, like Facebook, are inexhaustible sources of personal information which can constitute evidence in the context of employer-employee disputes. In matters related to evidence, the general rule is that any relevant evidence is admissible...

 

 

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