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British Virgin Islands (“BVI”) VISTA Trust
Morgan & Morgan, February 2014

Although trust has always been regarded as one of the best succession vehicles, it has never been attractive for the succession of shares in companies because of a rule of English trust law, the “prudent man of business rule”. It was established in the case of Bartlett v Barclays Bank Trust Co Ltd [1980] 1 Ch 515 that it is the duty of a trustee to conduct the business of the trust with the same care as an ordinary prudent man of business would extend towards his own affairs...

A Simple and Fair Tax System in Costa Rica?
C.R. & F. Rojas Abogados, September 2013

The Nation published the result of a survey that basically asked two specific issues : (i) how easy (or clear) you think the tax system? and (ii) what is the main reason why some people evade taxes? Any analysis of the tax system should take into account an absolute truth: no one likes to pay taxes . As we have discussed on other occasions ... a person can understand why you pay taxes, but like ... or want to pay ... mmmm ... I do not think: that's another thing...

Panama Redefines its Concept of use for Trademarks
Morgan & Morgan, July 2013

As Panama became part of a number of industrial property related treaties, our internal laws have become more territorial; the use of a trademark is territorial again and registration becomes imperative for protection. In Panama, as happens in most of the countries around the world, the right to register a trademark is acquired by its first use in commerce...

Panama Redefines its Concept of Use for Trademarks
Morgan & Morgan, May 2013

As Panama became part of a number of industrial property related treaties, our internal laws have become more territorial; the use of a trademark is territorial again and registration becomes imperative for protection. Use as a Basis for Protection In Panama, as happens in most of the countries around the world, the right to register a trademark is acquired by its first use in commerce...

Morgan & Morgan’s Pro Bono Commitment
Morgan & Morgan, May 2013

Battered women who fear for their safety, mothers unable to support their children, dysfunctional families in need. A reality for many women is the presence of domestic violence in their lives. This situation, although occurring in all social and economic levels, is much more obvious and has more serious consequences in low-income communities...

The Limited Liability Partnership Under the laws of the Republic of Panama
Morgan & Morgan, May 2013

The Panamanian Limited Liability Partnership has been a part of Panama’s trade laws since 1916, when the Panamanian Commercial Code was issued. However, during 2009 it was subject to a profound reform in order to adapt it to an always demanding and changing market. As its “younger sister”, the worldwide famous “Sociedad Anonima” (1927), the limited liability partnership shall be filed at the Public Registry...

Nicaragua Modernizes the Administration of Labor Justice
Consortium Legal - Nicaragua, February 2013

Since year 2008 Nicaragua has been modernizing the administration of labor justice. The Ministry of Labor started the modernization with the implementation of an oral process for the fulfillment of certain formalities required before such institution, such as termination of employment contracts for justified cause, collective suspensions and business closures. The implementation of this oral process has been successful because it reduces and simplifies processes...

Competitive Advantages of Savings and Credit Entities in El Salvador
Consortium Legal - Nicaragua, February 2013

Savings and Credit Entities (SCEs) are regulated financial institutions of private capital authorised to develop lending activities. The operation of SCEs is governed by the Law of Cooperative Banks and Savings and Credit Entities, which came into force on July 1 2001, amended in January 1 2009 to its current regime...

Notice: Laws Against Corruption
QIL+4 ABOGADOS, December 2012

On November 22nd a law referred as Law against Corruption was published on the official Gazette (Decree number 31-2012 of Guatemalan Congress), which entered into force on November 30th, 2012. This law  mainly incorporates amendments to the Criminal Codes, Law Against Organized Crime and Property Forfeiture Law...

Provisional Suspension Section 180,4 Decree 10-2012
QIL+4 ABOGADOS, November 2012

On Wednesday, October 3rd.,  it was published in the Official Gazette the provisional suspension issued by the Constitutional Court of  Section 180, 4.,  of  Decree 10-2012 which abrogated the withholding exemption contained in Section 12 of Decree 80-2000...

Temporary Suspension of the Definition of Pension Plans
QIL+4 ABOGADOS, November 2012

Temporary Suspension of the Definition of Pension Plans (employees' deductible expenses) as those approved by the “Corresponding Authority” Provisional Suspension of mandatory use of Banking System to evidence Payments and Disbursements of Expenses Higher than Q.30,000.00 In the past, the Tax Administration questioned on a case by case basis Pension Plans administered by private Banks, as employees´ deductible expense...

Temporary Suspension of the Definition of Pension Plans
QIL+4 ABOGADOS, October 2012

Temporary Suspension of the Definition of Pension Plans (employees' deductible expenses) as those approved by the “Corresponding Authority” Provisional Suspension of mandatory use of Banking System to evidence Payments and Disbursements of Expenses Higher than Q.30,000...

Provisional Suspension Section 180,4 Decree 10-2012
QIL+4 ABOGADOS, October 2012

On Wednesday, October 3rd.,  it was published in the Official Gazette the provisional suspension issued by the Constitutional Court of  Section 180, 4.,  of  Decree 10-2012 which abrogated the withholding exemption contained in Section 12 of Decree 80-2000...

Key Issues of the New Nicaraguan Insurance Law
Consortium Legal - Nicaragua, August 2012

Insurance allows someone who suffers a loss or accident to be compensated for the effects of their misfortune. It lets you protect yourself against everyday risks to your health, home, business and financial situation. Concepts of insurance have been extended beyond the coverage of tangible assets. Now the risk of losses due to sudden changes in currency exchange rates, political disturbance, negligence and liability for the damages can also be covered...

Honduras Towards a Pro E-Commerce Legal System
Consortium Legal-Honduras, August 2012

Few may rebate that internet, is majorly responsible for most of the mayor changes in the past fifteen years in fields such as science, communications, technology, commerce amongst other being necessary to adapt the legal system regulating it. Honduras has not been the exception in this modernization process regardless of the civil code nature of its legal system which is not as adaptable as common law systems are...

Recent Tax Developments in Guatemala
QIL+4 ABOGADOS, August 2012

With two Congressional Decrees approved in February and March 2012 (“Ley Antievasión II” (Decree 4-2012), and “Ley de Actualización Tribuaria” (Decree 10-2012) respectively), Congress introduces several reforms to the Guatemalan Tax System through extensive amendments to the Tax Code (“Código Tributario”) and other tax laws. The most notorious and substantial reforms affect the VAT Law, the Tobacco Tax Law, the Tax Code, and Income Tax Law...

Offshore Trusts for Israeli Beneficiaries
Morgan & Morgan, August 2012

Under what condition will an offshore trust still fall within your government’s tax net?   Offshore trusts may be established and managed in many jurisdictions. In most countries personal taxation is based on residence. The question often asked is what the residency of an offshore trust established by a resident of a certain country is. In the case recently reported in Canada “Fundy settlement, Canada, 2012 SCC 14” (Tim Gestnick – The Globe and Mail Apr...

What is FATCA?
Morgan & Morgan, August 2012

No, it is not a nice Mediterranean dish! The Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) is the newest piece of legislation from the US which should ensure and enforce the correct declaration and payment of taxes owed by US tax payers. The bill was passed in March 2010 whereupon the proposed regulations were presented on February 8th, 2012. The act should come into effect through several steps from January 1st, 2013 to January 1st, 2017 when full reporting requirements will be in force...

Offshore Financial Services in Belize
Morgan & Morgan, August 2012

Geography, History & Economy The country of Belize is located on the Caribbean coast of northern Central America. Bordered to the North by Mexico, South and West by Guatemala and East by the Caribbean Sea, Belize forms part of Central America and the Caribbean...

The Cyprus International Trust
Morgan & Morgan, August 2012

Although Cyprus usually tends to be associated with company formation (in an international tax planning context), Cyprus has an efficient trust legislation in force. The latest legal reform of trusts has enhanced the appeal of Cyprus International Trust (CIT) to both professionals and high net-worth individuals.Legislation and Legal Requirements CITs used to be governed by the International Trusts Law of 1992...

Cyprus Taxation: Major Recent Changes
Morgan & Morgan, June 2012

The Registrar of Companies (ROC) has introduced an annual government licence fee of €350. The government licence fee for 2011 was payable by 31 December 2011. From 2012 onwards the government licence fee will need to be paid by 30 June of that year.Companies which are dormant and/or do not own any assets are exempt from this licence fee...

Maritime Labor Convention, 2006 and its Importance
Morgan & Morgan, March 2012

The Maritime Labor Convention of 2006 is an instrument that contains an approximate of 70 different provisions on labor-related matters in the maritime industry, which was approved by the International Labor Organization (ILO), in view of the absence of minimum standards that offered labor security and decent living conditions to the seafarers.  The Maritime Labor Convention is expected to take effect before the end of 2013...

A Look at Panama’s Tax Reform
Morgan & Morgan, October 2011

Panama’s current administration began its tax reforms with Law 49 of September 17, 2009 (Law 49/2009), that was followed by Law 69 of November 6, 2009 (Law 69/2009), Law 8 of March 15, 2010 (Law 8/2010), Law 33 of June 30, 2010 (Law 33/2010), and finally Law 31 of April 5, 2011 (Law 31 / 2011). All were implemented through formal laws and complemented with subsequent reforms in related executive decrees...

Significant Amendments to Panama's Securities Law
Morgan & Morgan, October 2011

Back in 1999, a law was adopted renovating an autonomous regulator and putting in place a modern regime to govern securities and capital markets in Panama, placing the local regulatory environment very much in line with legislation in force in more developed markets such as the United States (including, for example, the creation of the indirect holding system)...

Panama and its Importance for the International Protection of Trademarks
Morgan & Morgan, October 2011

The Republic of Panama, using Law No. 35 of May 10, 1996 as a basis, continues making its best efforts to provide the highest possible protection to Intellectual Property, both in the territory of the Republic of Panama as well as also cooperating with the owners of intellectual property rights...

 

 

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